A giant map of European countries at the E.U. Commission in Brussels, Belgium.   (Julien Warnand/EPA)

Later this month, Britain will vote on leaving the European Union. If British voters decide they really want to leave, it will be a big event. No country has ever decided to leave the modern E.U. The consequences for Britain, let alone the E.U., are unclear.

Many non-Europeans may struggle to see what the fuss is about. In fact, many might scratch their heads and wonder what exactly the E.U. does and how it relates to European country-level governments.

This isn't just a problem for those outside of the E.U.'s boundaries, however. In "Brexit: The Movie," people on the street in both London and Brussels were shown photographs of extremely important leaders and asked who they are. It appears everyone is stumped. The film may have a clear political angle, but it does make a key point: To many European citizens, the institution that controls many aspects of their lives is a mysterious and opaque mess.

So what do you actually know about one of the most important political institutions in the world? Take our test and find out.

1

The European Union largely evolved out of three institutions created in the 1950s. One of these was the European Economic Community (EEC), founded in 1958. Another was the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), founded in 1957.

What was the third one?

The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)

The Schengen Area

The European Fisheries Organization (EFO)

The League of Nations

2

A small number of countries, known as the "Inner Six," were the first members of these organizations. Which of the following was not a member of the Inner Six?

West Germany

Luxembourg

Britain

Belgium

3

So when was the E.U. itself formed?

1975

1981

1990

1993

4

Which of these images shows the European Union's flag?

iStock

Patrick Seeger

Elmer Martinez for The Washington Post

Istockphoto

5

How many countries are currently members of the European Union?

37

28

12

19

6

Which of these countries is an E.U. member state?

Switzerland

Norway

Iceland

Bulgaria

7

Which of these is not an institution of the European Union?

The Council of the European Union

The Council of Europe

The European Council

The European Commission

8

True or false: The E.U. has an army.

True

False

9

Getty / Georges Gobet

This man is one of the most important people in the E.U.

Who is he?

Martin Schulz, president of the European Parliament

Donald Tusk, president of the European Council

Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission

Federica Mogherini, high representative of the European Union for foreign affairs and security policy

10

Donald Tusk is the current president of the European Council. His predecessor was Herman Van Rompuy, former prime minister of Belgium, who held the position between 2009 and 2014.

Which of the pictures below shows Van Rompuy?

Sebastien Pirlet / Reuters

Rob Stothard / Getty

Mindaugas Kulbis / Associated Press

Andrew Harnik / Associated Press

11

The euro is the official currency of the E.U. 

When was it created?

1993

1999

2005

2008

12

The European Central Bank (ECB) recently announced it would be phasing out the 500 euro note, due to concerns that it was being used by money launderers.

If you are lucky enough to get your hands on a 500 euro note, what image might you see printed on it?

Robert Schuman, the French politician who was of the founders of the E.U.

A bridge

The Eiffel Tower

Mario Draghi, President of the ECB

13

True or false: An enormous debt problem led Greece to abandon the euro in 2015.

True

False

14

This map shows the Schengen Area.

What exactly is the Schengen Area?

It refers to the countries that use the euro as their currency

It refers to the countries that have signed up to the Schengen defense pact

It refers to countries that have removed border controls between each other

It refers to the countries that have signed up to the Erasmus study abroad program

15

The E.U. is sometimes criticized for being undemocratic, but it does have an elected legislature. E.U. citizens can vote every five years for the European Parliament. It has 751 members with each member state represented.

What can a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) not do, however?

Vote on laws

Propose new laws

Collect a salary

Spend more than 2 hours a week deliberating

16

What was voter turnout in the last E.U. election?

42.61 percent

49.51 percent

58.11 percent

63.34 percent

17

True or false: Voting in European elections is required by law in Luxembourg.

True

False

18

How many official languages are there in the E.U.?

4

9

18

24

19

Yes, the E.U. has its own anthem. But where does it borrow its tune from?

Beethoven's 9th Symphony

The national anthem of Belgium ("La Brabançonne")

Abba, "Waterloo"

Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik

20

The Washington Post / Jahi Chikwendiu

Britain's tabloids love to criticize odd E.U. directives.

For example, what characteristic did the E.U. once infamously say should restrict bananas from sale?

If the banana was too yellow

If the banana was too bendy

If the banana smelled too sweet

If the banana was too green

21

This month, Britain will vote on leaving the European Union. The catchy portmanteau being used to refer to the potential British Exit of the E.U. is Brexit.

This isn't the first time this formula has been used, but which of the following is not a real thing that has been mooted?

Frexit

Grexit

Bexit

Swexit

Your score: 0 / 21

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