In the United States, Donald Trump is taking aim at Islam, putting the faith front and center in a contentious presidential campaign. But across Europe, populist leaders are doing the same, pointing a finger of blame at Islam for threatening domestic cultures and security even as critics decry such statements as a serious threat to freedom of religion and minority rights.

Here’s what 10 conservative and far-right leaders have recently said about Islam:

 

Where: Germany.

Who: Alexander Gauland, deputy chairman of the Alternative for Germany party.


Alexander Gauland is pictured during a news conference in Berlin, Germany, March 14, 2016. (Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters)

What he said: “Islam is not a religion like Catholic or Protestant Christianity, but a faith linked intellectually with a takeover of the state. Therefore, the Islamization of Germany is a danger.”

 

Where: The Netherlands.

Who: Geert Wilders, founder and leader of the Party for Freedom.


Geert Wilders is seen prior to his trial, at Schiphol, Badhoevedorp, on March 18, 2016. (Remko de Waal /AFP/Getty)

What he said: “Recently thousands of Arab men sexually attacked, humiliated and raped hundreds of women. All women are fair game. I call the perpetrators ‘testosterone bombs.’ We have seen what they are capable of. It’s sexual terrorism. A sexual jihad. And it is happening all over Europe.”

 

Where: Czech Republic.

Who: Geert Wilders, deputy leader of the populist Usvit Party.

What he said: “We are threatened by the loss of our values and the introduction of the Koran. I don’t want to see the Prague Castle being blown up by some Muslims.”

 

Where: Slovakia.

Who: Prime Minister Robert Fico.


Slovakian Prime Minister Robert Fico, left, delivers a speech next to European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in Brussels on June 1, 2016.
(John Thys/AFP/Getty Images)

What he said: “Islam has no place in Slovakia.”

 

Where: Austria.

Who: Former Freedom Party presidential candidate Norbert Hofer.


Norbert Hofer addresses a news conference in Vienna, Austria, May 24, 2016. (Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters)

What he said: “We must stop this invasion of Muslims.”

 

Where: Austria.

Who: Johann Gudenus, vice mayor of Vienna.


Johann Gudenus and Tajana Gudenus attend the The 61st Viennese Opera Ball at Waldorf Astoria Hotel on February 19, 2016, in New York City. (Brad Barket/Getty Images)

What he said: “The new fascism in Europe is Islamism.”

 

Where: France.

Who: Marine Le Pen, head of the National Front party.


Marine Le Pen arrives at the Elysee Presidential Palace for a meeting with French President Francois Hollande on November 15, 2015 in Paris, France. (Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images)

What she said: “We have to oppose all demands that aim to shatter secularism — demands for different clothes, demands for special food, demands for prayer rooms. Demands that create special rules that would allow Muslims to behave differently.”

 

Where: Hungary.

Who: Prime Minister Viktor Orban.


Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban during a press conference in Vienna, Austria, 25 September 2015. (Georg Hochmuth/EPA)

What he said: “Islam was never part of Europe. It’s the rule book of another world.”

 

Where: Poland.

Who: Former prime minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski.


Former Polish Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski enters a booth before casting his ballot  during the legislative elections in Poland on October 25, 2015 in Warsaw. (Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images)

What he said: While talking about the mostly Muslim migrants arriving in Europe, he quipped, “There are already signs of the emergence of very dangerous diseases which haven’t been seen in Europe for a long time: cholera on Greek islands; dysentery in Vienna; various types of parasites, protozoans, which aren’t dangerous in the organisms of these people but which could be dangerous here.”

 

Where: Italy.

Who: Matteo Salvini, federal secretary of the Northern League party.


Matteo Salvini speaks during a news conference on the day after the first round of Italy's municipal elections, in Milan, Italy, June 6, 2016. (Mourad Balti Touati/EPA)

What he said: When asked about the election of the first Muslim mayor of London, he replied, “For me it is a worrying sign. … I think of London itself, where there are already some abusive courts applying Islamic law.”

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