Police told local reporters that the ninth-grade student most likely suffocated after lighting a fire in the hut to keep warm.
Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal called for an end to the custom known as Chaupadi a month earlier, after a 21-year-old woman in a nearby village died the same way.
But with centuries-old roots in Hinduism, Chaupadi has survived in some regions despite bans, a U.N. alert and the deaths of many women.
The Guardian interviewed a 16-year-old girl in a neighboring district who was sent each month to live in a stone shed "littered with hay, muck, insects and dung."
"We don't want to live like this but our gods won't tolerate it any other way," another woman from the village said.
The New York Times reported that girls "deemed impure and untouchable" while menstruating are sent from their homes to stay in sheds or caves, and forced to wash at separate taps.
"Communities believe that to break the tradition would bring devastating bad luck: crops would fail, animals would die, snakes would fall from the ceiling," the Times reported. "The imagined consequences are so dire that few dare to test stopping."
But many who obey Chaupadi find death themselves. An 11-year-old from western Nepal died of an illness in 2010 because "her family and neighbors refused to take her to a hospital, believing they would become impure if they touched the menstruating girl," according to the U.N. bulletin.
"One woman's daughter burned to death from a fire she lit to keep warm," NPR reported in 2013. "Another lost two babies who slept with her at night: one was bitten by a snake; the other was taken by a jackal."
And while most women survive their isolation, the ignorance and stigmatization can still harm them.
The Times of India reported on a 2011 survey that found barely 1 in 10 women in the country used sanitary pads during their periods, while others used alternatives such as ashes and sand.
The same survey found that nearly 1 in 4 Indian women dropped out of school after they began to menstruate.