This detour added several hours to his journey.
Netanyahu's plane wasn't taking the scenic route by choice. Instead, the carrier — El Al, Israel's national airline — was deliberately avoiding Indonesian airspace.
Indonesia has the world's largest Muslim population. Like other Muslim-majority nations, the country has no formal diplomatic relations with Israel because of the latter's conflict with Palestinians. Some implications of this are well known — Israeli passport holders are refused entry to a number of Muslim-majority nations, except in special circumstances, although Israeli citizens are permitted access to Indonesia on tourist visas.
However, the strange route of Netanyahu's plane shows another effect of Israel's diplomatic situation. Indonesia doesn't grant El Al access to its national airspace, necessitating a circuitous route around it.
And Indonesia isn't the only country to restrict access. A quick look at Netanyahu's earlier flight from Tel Aviv to Singapore shows how the Israeli prime minister took an unusual route, which may have been designed to avoid the airspace of Saudi Arabia or another nation.
Representatives of El Al didn't respond to clarify what airspace they were prohibited from flying over.
Netanyahu's awkward journey around Indonesia comes at a time when the Israeli leader is hoping for a closer relationship with Jakarta. The two countries were reported to be informally upgrading their relations in 2012, with Indonesia opening a consulate in the West Bank city of Ramallah that would include a diplomat who would unofficially serve as ambassador to Israel.
However, when Netanyahu called upon Indonesia to normalize diplomatic relations last year, the Indonesian government said it would do so only when the Palestinians are granted an independent state.
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