The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously Friday to impose additional sanctions on North Korea because of its missile tests, the third time the Security Council had ratcheted up sanctions this year. This latest round tightens North Korea’s oil imports and calls on other countries to expel North Korean guest workers within two years. Those guest workers are a major source on foreign income for Pyongyang, and two of the biggest employers of North Koreans are Security Council members China and Russia.
The sanctions are part of a continuing effort to coerce the North Korean government into negotiating an end to its development of nuclear weapons. The previous round of sanctions, imposed in mid-September, was followed by more than two months of calm without a missile or weapons test. But on Nov. 29 Pyongyang launched a missile, identified as a Hwasong-15, that it said could reach any part of the United States.
In the test, the missile went nearly straight up, to an altitude of 2,800 miles. North Korea said it could carry “a super large heavy warhead,” implying that it could be fitted with a nuclear weapon.
Nikki Haley, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, told the Security Council last week that the most recent test was “another attempt by the Kim regime to masquerade as a great power while their people starve and their soldiers defect.”
North Korea has said the latest sanctions are tantamount to a complete economic blockade, according to Reuters.
“We will further consolidate our self-defensive nuclear deterrence aimed at fundamentally eradicating the U.S. nuclear threats, blackmail and hostile moves by establishing the practical balance of force with the U.S.," North Korea’s foreign ministry said.
“If the U.S. wishes to live safely, it must abandon its hostile policy towards the DPRK and learn to co-exist with the country that has nuclear weapons and should wake up from its pipe dream of our country giving up nuclear weapons which we have developed and completed through all kinds of hardships,” said the statement, carried by the North’s official Korean Central News Agency.
DPRK is the abbreviation for North Korea’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.