Here is how it would work, according to Nitschke. Users would first take an online test to determine whether they were sane. If they cleared the test, they would be sent an access code, valid for 24 hours. They would then get into the capsule, close the door and press a button to have the nitrogen pipe in. Nitschke says users would pass out within a minute.
“The person who wants to die presses the button, and the capsule is filled with nitrogen. He or she will feel a bit dizzy but will then rapidly lose consciousness and die,” he told AFP.
The Sarco's design is meant to echo that of a spaceship, Nitschke told Newsweek. It is intended to give users the feel that they are traveling to the “great beyond.”
Nitschke developed the Sarco alongside Dutch designer Alexander Bannink. At the event, people also had an opportunity to don virtual-reality glasses that give users a sense of what sitting in the pod might look and feel like. Attendees at the Westerkerk event lined up to try on the glasses, AFP reported.
The inventors said they hope to have a fully functioning pod by the end of the year. Nitschke then plans to put the design online and allow anyone to download it. “That means that anybody who wants to build the machine can download the plans and 3D-print their own device,” he said, according to AFP.
The machine has been controversial since its inception.
One critic, Georgetown professor of biomedical ethics Daniel Sulmasy, told Newsweek that it's “a bad medicine, ethics, and bad public policy.”
“It converts killing into a form of healing and doesn’t acknowledge that we can now do more for symptoms through palliative [care] than ever before,” Sulmasy said.
Nitschke, 70, has been a euthanasia advocate for decades. As a medical student, he said, he was inspired by Jack Kevorkian's work. (Kevorkian, the late American pathologist nicknamed Dr. Death, said he helped at least 130 patients commit suicide.) As a young man, Nitschke created the “Deliverance,” a computer program hooked up to an IV that would trigger a lethal injection of barbiturates after a patient confirmed he or she wanted to die. Later, he developed something called an “Exit Bag,” a breathing mask that funnels carbon monoxide.
Nitschke used the system on four patients before Australia's euthanasia law was rescinded. In 1997, he founded Exit International, a euthanasia advocacy group. Newsweek has called him the “Elon Musk” of assisted suicide.
Euthanasia is not legal in most places, but it is legal in several European countries and in parts of the United States. Nitschke told AFP his machine will allow those interested in euthanasia an easier path forward. “In many countries, suicide is not against the law, only assisting a person to commit suicide is,” he said. “This is a situation where one person chooses to press a button ... rather than, for instance, standing in front of a train.”