Martha Mautner, 87, a senior federal executive and Kremlinologist who retired in the early 1990s as a deputy director in the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research, died Dec. 20 at her home in Washington. She had multiple myeloma, a bone-marrow disorder.

Mrs. Mautner joined the State Department in 1945 and was assigned to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. She was later a research assistant to diplomat George Kennan, then became a political officer at the U.S. mission in Berlin in the 1950s.

Afterward, she went to the Bureau of Intelligence and Research and became deputy director of the Soviet and East European Office. She was an authority on Soviet relations with Europe, the Middle East and in developing countries.

She was active in the State Department’s Public Outreach program, speaking to civic groups throughout the country on U.S.-Soviet relations.

Martha Halleran was a native of Butler, Pa., and a 1944 graduate of what is now Seton Hill University in Greensburg, Pa. She received a master’s degree in 1945 from Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

Her honors included the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal and the State Department’s John Jacob Rogers medal for exemplary service.

She was a member of the Catholic Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Washington.

Her husband of 50 years, Karl F. Mautner, died in 2002.

Survivors include three children, Kathie P. Mautner of Atlanta, Marguerite Ballard of Portland, Ore., and Karl P. Mautner of Shanghai; a sister; and four grandchildren.

— Adam Bernstein