The Washington PostDemocracy Dies in Darkness

Opinion America now has a party of authoritarianism — it’s the GOP

Protesters rally in Madison, Wis., on Dec. 3 against Republican bills to weaken the incoming Democratic governor and attorney general. (John Hart/Wisconsin State Journal via AP)
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Ever since the 1960s, Republicans have been painting Democrats, with varying degrees of subtlety and stridency, as the party of soft-on-defense, unpatriotic criminal coddlers. The particulars of the indictment have changed, but the general attitude of contempt for, and alarm about, “liberals” as a threat to ordinary Americans has remained remarkably constant. It is one of the few beliefs most Republicans share.

President Trump, a political tuning fork par excellence, has channeled this resentment and amplified it to ear-splitting decibels. He snarls that Democrats are “treasonous,” “un-American,” “evil” — an “angry left-wing mob” bent on turning our country into a bankrupt socialist dictatorship like Venezuela. Leading Republicans, rather than rebuke this intemperate rhetoric, echo it: Former House speaker Newt Gingrich says Democrats want to “destroy America.”

If you think the opposition poses an existential threat to the United States, then it’s understandable that you are willing to cut some corners to fight them. Concepts such as fair play, decency, democratic norms, even the rule of law can seem like anachronisms that you can’t afford in a battle against the spawn of Satan.

Which bring us to the Republican assault on democracy in North Carolina, Wisconsin, Michigan, and, most importantly, Washington.

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In North Carolina, Republican congressional candidate Mark Harris hired a shady operator named Leslie Macrae Dowless, who had been convicted of felony fraud, to do get-out-the-vote operations in a race that Harris won by just more than 900 votes. The state board of elections now refuses to certify the outcome because of allegations that Dowless illegally collected absentee ballots from voters and may have tampered with them.

Two years ago, Republicans in control of the North Carolina legislature took away key authorities from a newly elected Democratic governor. That playbook is now being applied in Wisconsin and Michigan. In both states, Republican-controlled legislatures elected with the help of outrageous gerrymandering (Wisconsin Democrats won 54 percent of the statewide vote but only 36 of 99 Assembly seats) are moving to strip important powers from incoming Democratic governors.

Robin Vos, the Republican Assembly speaker in Wisconsin, offered an extraordinary justification for the gerrymandering that made possible this power grab when he said: “If you took Madison and Milwaukee out of the state election formula, we would have a clear majority.” He is thus suggesting that liberals and people of color in the cities are somehow lesser Americans than rural, white Republicans. This is of a piece with the populist conceit that they are speaking for the “real” people whose will is being usurped by outsiders and elites.

To be sure, Democrats are hardly blameless in anti-democratic shenanigans. In Massachusetts, the state legislature stripped then-Gov. Mitt Romney (R) of the power to fill a vacant U.S. Senate seat and then restored that authority to Democratic Gov. Deval Patrick. But, as Matt Glassman of Georgetown University argued in a Post analysis, the two parties are not equally culpable. Just as Republicans have moved further to the right than Democrats to the left, so too Republicans are more likely to engage in what scholars have labeled “constitutional hardball” — disregarding democratic norms to seize and retain power. Law professors Joseph Fishkin and David Pozen document this disparity in a law review article noting previous GOP assaults on democratic norms, which include the Supreme Court ruling that handed George W. Bush the presidency, repeated government shutdowns to push their agenda and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s (R-Ky.) refusal to schedule a vote for Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland.

Democrats certainly made excuses for President Bill Clinton when he was impeached for lying about his sexual conduct, but that’s nothing compared to the way Republicans now defend Trump against far more serious and wide-ranging allegations.

Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) reacted to a court filing from the Justice Department implicating the president in the illegal payment of hush money to his paramours by saying, “The Democrats will do anything to hurt this president.” Told that the document had been filed by career prosecutors in New York, he replied, “Okay, but I don’t care.” This is the same Hatch who voted to impeach Clinton on the grounds that “this great nation” cannot tolerate a president “who makes a mistake and then breaks the law to cover it up.”

Hatch’s comments make clear that the GOP commitment to the rule of law is situational: The law, in Republicans’ view, applies only to their opponents. They’re still chanting “Lock her up” years after the FBI determined that there was not enough evidence to prosecute Hillary Clinton. Trump recently retweeted a graphic showing his leading critics behind bars for “treason.” And Gingrich asserts, without any evidence, that former FBI director James B. Comey should be prosecuted for a “whole series of felony charges.”

David Frum wrote in “Trumpocracy: The Corruption of the American Republic”: “If conservatives become convinced that they cannot win democratically, they will not abandon conservatism. They will reject democracy.” His words are proving prophetic. All too many Republicans are going from opposing the Democratic Party to opposing democracy itself. They are becoming an authoritarian party.

Read more:

Donald P. Moynihan: Wisconsin Republicans are trying to subvert the will of the voters. They’re part of a larger trend.

The Post’s View: Where the GOP can’t win elections, it changes the rules

Catherine Rampell: Is the GOP the law and order party? Not so much.

Max Boot: I left the Republican Party. Now I want Democrats to take over.