When she bounded onto the stage, at Washington Square Park in lower Manhattan, you wouldn’t have expected someone so enthusiastic to start her address with a depressing story. But Warren began by recalling the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911, which killed 146 garment workers — almost all women — in just 18 minutes, only a block from where she was standing. It wasn’t just the bosses who locked them in the factory to prevent theft who were to blame for the fire and the deaths, Warren said; it was a corrupt political establishment, doing the bidding of wealthy business owners, who created the conditions that led to the tragedy. “Business owners got richer, politicians got more powerful, and working people paid the price,” Warren said. “Does any of that sound familiar?”
From the Triangle fire, Warren argued that our inability to make any positive change on matters ranging from climate change, income inequality, gun control and health-care reform is the result of the corrupt capture of our government by the obscenely wealthy to keep and increase their money and power, the rest of us be damned. She outlined her plan, debuted Monday morning, to tackle Washington corruption. It’s similar to legislation she introduced last year. “Corruption has put our planet at risk. Corruption has broken our economy. And corruption is breaking our democracy,” she said. She also discussed her wealth tax, which would raise money to pay for universal child care, make public colleges tuition free, and wipe out the vast majority of student debt. “Two cents,” the crowd chanted, quoting back her line at how little — a 2 percent annual tax on assets — that plan will cost people with a net worth of more than $50 million.
Warren then turned to the female-dominated reform movement of the Gilded Age. She evoked Frances Perkins, witness to the Triangle fire, whose activism changed fire safety rules after the tragedy, and who went on to serve as Franklin Roosevelt’s secretary of labor, helping to enact everything from Social Security to the nation’s first national minimum wage law. “Frances pushed from the inside,” Warren said. “Frances Perkins became the first woman in history to serve in the Cabinet. And what did she do when she got there? Big structural change.” It took Perkins and all the women — so many of the reformers were women — who marched with her, over and over again, to slowly but surely reform the system and American lives for the better, Warren said. To make change, she argued, requires the cooperation of both the activists who challenge the power and the bridge figures, like Perkins — and Warren, or so her argument goes.
Will it all translate into primary votes for Warren? It’s hard to say. If the rally showed the enthusiasm of Warren supporters — she spent hours after the event taking selfies with more than 4,000 people, her campaign said — it showed signs of Warren’s continuing struggles, too. New York is a majority-minority city and region, but that wasn’t much in evidence. On the other hand, Wall Street and the tech sector were hardly represented either. It was the New York the teachers and students, artists and social workers — the white ones, that is.
There were more women than men, too. Amy Straub, a 40-something wedding video editor from Queens supported Sanders in 2016, but she has switched to Warren this time. Yes, she would like to vote for a woman, and yes, she likes Warren’s plans, but there’s something more ephemeral, too. “I feel more hopeful with Warren,” Straub said. It was a sentiment that came up over and over again. “There’s something about Elizabeth Warren,” said Fiona Murray, 50, a Manhattan musician, who called her “inspiring.”
Perhaps that hope and inspiration is because Warren projects a peppy, can-do attitude. That fits with the optimistic, self-help culture of the United States, where no obstacle is too big to be overcome with hard work. Warren once did a turn as a personal finance guru, writing a book that offered advice to economically strapped Americans. She’s now attempting to perform that feat again, but for our politics. “I know what’s broken, I’ve got a plan to fix it and that’s why I’m running for president of the United States,” she said Monday. She has a plan to wrest back control of the government from corporations that value American lives less than their own bottom line. The rest of us, she is saying, just need to follow her lead. The crowd in New York seemed convinced. We’ll find out how compelling a message that is for the Democratic voters of Iowa and New Hampshire in less than five months.