But it’s a good rule in journalism (and in politics and religion, too) to try to understand what motivates disturbing comments. And as it happens, I know a faithful supporter of Pastor Paula, as her followers call her, who could explain her theology. He’s the Rev. Paul F.M. Zahl, an Episcopal minister who was my closest friend in high school and with whom I still regularly correspond. He is a frequent attendee of Pastor Paula’s services.
So with my friend Zahl’s permission, I want to share our conversation over the past few days. I’m more convinced than ever that Pastor Paula shouldn’t have said what she did about demonic networks, but I understand better where she comes from and how, maybe, to respond. And perhaps there is a larger point here about our national political divide.
The first thing to recognize about Pastor Paula, said my friend, is that she speaks the language of the Pentecostal Church. Though she’s a white woman, most of her parishioners have been African American, and she became famous as a television preacher with a show on BET. (According to Pastor Paula, Trump saw her on TV in the early 2000s and called her, saying, “You’re fantastic; you’ve got the ‘it’ factor.”)
If you watch YouTube clips of Pastor Paula preaching, you’ll see an ebullient modern evangelist. She’ll tell parishioners to “high five” their neighbors or “slap them upside the head.” But there’s a darker side to her theology, too: She speaks often about the Devil in her sermons, and she believes, Zahl says, that “this present world is under the power of Satan,” in politics and every other aspect of life.
Now to Trump, the unlikely, thrice-married vessel for evangelical Christian hopes. “Paula would say that Donald Trump has somehow and almost by accident exposed a kind of stranglehold of secular thinking” on mainstream culture, Zahl argues. As examples, he cites challenges to “the traditional Christian view of marriage” and the “gender/sexuality ‘confusion,’ as we see it, of our present age.”
What’s difficult for liberals to understand is that in these debates, conservatives feel victimized — shamed and excluded by what they regard as a cultural elite. Explains Zahl: “Those millions feel muzzled and unable to say what they think, for fear of being labeled, shunned and even physically attacked. That can create a kind of ‘pressure-cooker’ that can result in an ‘earthquake’ at the ballot box.”
These are the religious roots of Trump’s war against the liberal elites. “ ‘Liberal’ itself is always a good word!” says Zahl. “But its ideological hardening has produced a degree of intolerance, especially in relation to ‘deplorables’ like myself, that is breathtaking in its ability to silence the opposition.”
Mind you, if the question is intolerance, I think Pastor Paula needs to examine her claim that “demonic networks” are combating Trump and that the president “will overcome every strategy from hell” to win reelection. Liberals feel at least as threatened by the rhetoric and actions of Trump and his supporters as conservatives do about the liberal elite.
But maybe that’s the point. We are a country where people are angry at each other, yes, but also feel their core beliefs are under attack. The more each side tries to defend itself, the more the other feels that its identity is demeaned and defamed. That’s the death trip that America seems to be on.
I came away from this exchange more worried about the depth of America’s divisions but also more convinced of the need to talk across the divide. Here’s what Zahl wrote to me after hours of back-and-forth: “If liberals who are appalled by Paula White would just take the time to try and understand her and show some empathy for what she and millions (and millions) of our fellow citizens sincerely hold dear, we would not be in this mess.”
A last word: When it was time for the baptism of my first grandchild last year, I asked my friend Zahl to perform the service. We’ve been disagreeing about politics since we were 13, but that hasn’t dimmed our friendship.