They apply notwithstanding the shabby treatment of President Barack Obama's last nominee for the court, Judge Merrick Garland, by the Republican Senate leadership last year. We understand that there are many Democrats, still seething over the GOP's nakedly partisan refusal to grant Mr. Garland so much as a hearing, who regard the seat vacated by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia almost a year ago as "stolen." Speaking for those Democrats, Sen. Jeff Merkley (Ore.) promised Monday that he would call for a filibuster against anyone Mr. Trump might pick, in the spirit of "calling out" the GOP's manipulations, as Mr. Merkley's spokeswoman put it to us. This position goes beyond that of Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer (N.Y.), who has said only that his caucus will "fight tooth and nail" against an "out of the mainstream" Trump nominee.
Emotionally satisfying as Mr. Merkley’s approach might be, it would be mistaken. We say this not because it is contrary to the Democrats’ own best interests, though that is probably true, too: Filling the former Scalia seat won’t tip the court’s ideological balance, yet provoking Republicans to resort to the filibuster-abolishing “nuclear option” would leave Democrats disarmed of that weapon against a second Trump pick should another vacancy arise during his presidency.
Our objection is rooted, rather, in our belief that the Supreme Court confirmation process needs to be protected from partisan politics to the greatest extent possible and that a scorched-earth Democratic response to any nominee, regardless of the individual merits, would simply deepen that harmful politicization. Yes, Mr. Trump seeks to fill the court’s vacancy to his liking, on the basis of a thin electoral college-only victory. Still, however narrow, his victory was legitimate and he does have the clear constitutional prerogative to make the choice.
Let Mr. Trump do so. Then let the Senate expeditiously but thoroughly probe that nominee on his or her legal qualifications, as well as jurisprudence. And then let the Senate vote — yes or no. We advocated that approach consistently for the past five nominees to the Supreme Court, going back to 2005. This group includes two Republican picks — Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and Justice Alito — and three Democratic ones — Justices Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan, and Mr. Garland. It is a formidable list; we hope Mr. Trump nominates someone worthy of joining their company.