President Obama turns to leave after speaking at the White House about the completion of the Hostage Policy Review. (Carolyn Kaster/Associated Press)

PRESIDENT OBAMA’S wide-ranging review of U.S. policy toward the taking of hostages abroad has resulted in some useful adjustments in government organization and procedure, and in one serious misstep.

Beyond a doubt, the recent spate of captive-taking, ransom demands and brutal murders in Syria and Yemen has devastated the families of victims and exposed confusion and indifference by U.S. government officials. A lengthy New Yorker article by Lawrence Wright described the families’ anguish, along with a private effort to assist hostages that was organized by David G. Bradley, the head of Atlantic Media. At the White House, Mr. Obama seemed to be caught up in the emotional despair of these families, saying he shared their grief not only as president but also as a father and husband would.

Mr. Obama’s announced fixes include creation of two new hostage response groups, naming an intelligence community manager and appointing a special presidential envoy. He also pledged to keep family members more in the loop and to help them communicate or negotiate with kidnappers where possible. These are good steps, but no one should expect them to end the anguish. Even with “fusion cells,” special envoys and engagement teams, the next hostage-taking will be horrible for the family and the captive.

Almost inevitably, there will be more. When U.S. civilians travel to war zones, as many admirably do to deliver aid or report on events, they are at risk. The Post has sent dozens of courageous journalists to war in the past decade and a half, and we looked with admiration and some anxiety at other Americans who went to discover the truth as freelance journalists or to deliver humanitarian aid. Ideally, all these noncombatants would receive special training and protection — but even that won’t protect them all.

Where Mr. Obama went astray was on the subject of paying ransom to kidnappers. He properly vowed not to alter the long-standing U.S. policy against it, and he clarified a point of confusion among the families: that the United States would not threaten to prosecute any family that does pay ransom. This would have been fine to say in private. But to make the announcement from the White House lectern was a potentially consequential mistake. Much of the latest kidnapping in Syria has been driven by money. European governments have paid millions of dollars in ransom. What will the kidnappers of the Islamic State think when they read that Mr. Obama won’t stop the families from paying up? Inevitably, the takeaway from the president’s announcement is that he has given a green light for cash to be paid.

This will only encourage hostage-taking. It could lead to more families in tears.