Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is shown in Barcelona on Nov. 22. (Manu Fernandez/AP)

Regarding Pedro Morenés's Nov. 20 letter, "Spain is far from its past darkness":

The acts of violence committed by the national police sent to Catalonia to prevent the Catalan people from voting on Oct. 1 indeed brought memories of past darkness. As for the current Spanish constitution that President Mariano Rajoy embraces, it is a rigged document, written under coercion in the post-Franco years when the top military followers of the dictator clearly supervised its writing. The constitutional committee that wrote it was led by a majority of Francisco Franco's persuasion (one, Manuel Fraga Iribarne, had been a member of Franco's cabinet and later founded Mr. Rajoy's party). Spain is not a republic because Franco decided so, and King Juan Carlos was specifically selected by Franco to be king after his death. And while the majority of Spaniards voted for the constitution, what was the alternative? A continuation of Franco's oppressive policies?

It is time for Spaniards to tear down this constitution and replace it with one that would better delineate the rights and responsibilities of the various states within Spain and that would ensure a clear separation of the three branches of government (executive, legislative and judicial).

Thomas T. Rubio, Washington