The 1,200-page bill is full of reforms and restorations of higher education regulations, but experts say these changes could have meaningful impacts.
Ideological differences have made an overhaul of the Higher Education Act fraught.
A judge said she was "deeply disturbed" by the agency pursuing education loan payments from 16,000 Corinthian Colleges students after she placed all collections on hold.
Attorneys for former students of the defunct for-profit chain are asking a federal court to hold the education secretary in contempt for illegally pursuing student debts in violation of a standing court order.
New York Attorney General Letitia James is accusing Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency of haphazardly handling a federal program that encourages college graduates to enter fields serving the public good with the promise of having their loans forgiven.
The latest offer is double the amount the state proposed last year, but less than half of what alumni of the four public universities are seeking.
The so-called cohort default rate captures whether students are severely behind on their loans, but not whether they are struggling to make payments.
Graduate students had long feared that a Republican-controlled board would strike down an earlier ruling affirming their right to collective bargaining.
Research shows black students shoulder a disproportionate burden of student debt in the U.S.
The billionaire will now also repay the education loans amassed by the parents of 2019 graduates.