“I approve this message because you deserve an honest conversation about health care. My opponent, Abigail Spanberger, is running millions of dollars’ worth of ads that say Republicans don’t care about preexisting conditions, when she full well knows that is a total falsehood. What she’s really doing is hiding from the failure of Obamacare and her own health-care plan, which increases government control of the economy by $32 trillion and requires you to pay double your taxes. And that’s the honest truth about health care.”

— Rep. Dave Brat (R-Va.), in a campaign ad released Oct. 23

When a politician promises you the “honest truth” in an attack ad, hold onto your wallet.

Readers may recall that Brat previously falsely claimed during a debate that the Fact Checker had given his opponent Four Pinocchios for her ad on preexisting conditions, when we had not. The ad in question was defensible, given Brat’s voting record on health care.

Now he’s out with a new ad, again accusing her of a “total falsehood,” while slipping in a whopper about her plans for health care. His pitch is part of a pattern in which Republicans have accused Democrats of supporting a sweeping Medicare-for-all plan proposed by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) — when many candidates have not.

Here’s what’s really going on.

The Facts

Public polling indicates that one of the most popular features of the Affordable Care Act, a.k.a. Obamacare, was the protection it gave to people with existing health problems.

There were two key parts that work together: guaranteed issue, which means insurance companies must sell insurance to anyone who wants to buy it; and community rating, which means that people who buy similar insurance and are the same age pay similar prices. This made insurance affordable for people with, say, cancer, though before passage of the ACA, even minor health problems could have led an insurance company to deny coverage.

When Barack Obama was president, Brat voted to repeal the ACA completely without any replacement plan in place. Since it was clear that Obama would veto the repeal, it was a no-consequence vote. But he’s on record as having supported the elimination of the preexisting-conditions provisions without seeking to save them.

After President Trump was elected, Republicans tried to repeal the law but needed to come up with a replacement. The result was the American Health Care Act, which narrowly passed the House 217 to 213 on May 4, 2017, with 20 Republicans voting against it. Brat was among the Republicans who voted for it.

A vote for the AHCA is important in the debate over preexisting conditions. As we have documented, the Congressional Budget Office — which assessed the bill only after the vote because Republicans pushed through a bill without waiting for a CBO score — sketched a scenario that described unraveling insurance markets and soaring health-care premiums if the AHCA had become law.

The CBO, in its report, said that states that took advantage of waivers offered in the proposed law could perversely end up blowing up their insurance markets, leaving spiraling costs for people with preexisting conditions. About one-sixth of the U.S. population was estimated to live in states that would face this problem.

Maybe Virginia would have been one of them, but probably not, because of its increasingly blue tint. Still, the CBO’s warning cannot be easily waved away. Indeed, many of the Republicans who voted against the AHCA — such as Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.), whom we featured in another fact check — cited the possible effect on people with preexisting conditions as a reason for their rejection of the bill.

The CBO also was highly skeptical that the AHCA provided enough funding for states to aid people who could not afford insurance. “Over time, less healthy individuals (including those with preexisting or newly acquired medical conditions) would be unable to purchase comprehensive coverage with premiums close to those under current law and might not be able to purchase coverage at all,” the CBO said.

Indeed, during the debate over the Senate version, which did not pass, Trump said the House version was “mean” because it did not go far enough to protect individuals in the insurance markets. He urged the Senate to add more funds to cover people with preexisting conditions. “I want to see — and I speak from the heart — that’s what I want to see, I want to see a bill with heart,” Trump told “Fox & Friends” on June 25, 2017.

Since Brat’s ad also made a reference to all Republicans, we cannot ignore a federal lawsuit filed in Texas by Republican attorneys general representing 20 states. The lawsuit seeks to completely repeal the Obama health-care law because the president’s tax bill suspended the mandate to buy insurance. The Trump administration had declined to defend the law, despite the president’s claims that the administration wants to protect the provisions. We awarded Trump an Upside-Down Pinocchio for his flip-flop on the issue.

Katey Price, a Brat spokeswoman, said Brat “has absolutely nothing to do with” the lawsuit. She declined to answer whether he supported it.

Price defended the attack on Spanberger because one of her ads cites a minor procedural vote in the run-up to the vote on AHCA to claim that Brat “voted against protections for preexisting conditions.” This was one of the votes that the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee used to falsely attack Fitzgerald, and we generally frown on ads that cite procedural votes. But as we noted, Brat voted to repeal the ACA without a replacement and voted for the AHCA, which the CBO said would weaken protections for preexisting conditions. That’s his voting record and it is certainly ripe for scrutiny.

As for claiming that Spanberger supports a “$32 trillion” health plan, Price acknowledged that she supports Medicare-X, which allows for a buy-in to Medicare. Thus it continues to build on the current system, including allowing for employer-based health insurance, rather than replacing everything, as Sanders’s Medicare-for-all plan does. But Price pointed to an article by liberal-leaning Think Progress that called Medicare-X “a path to single payer.”

“She’s on the record twice saying she supports single-payer health care ‘in principle’ so there’s no doubt on where she’s aiming to take our health-care system once the Democrats institute Medicare-X,” Price said.

For the record, here’s the full quote from Spanberger during the debate: “I do in principle support single payer, but I believe universal coverage through a public option is the method that I’d pursue.” (Public option is code for an add-on option like Medicare-X.)

This does not excuse Brat associating the $32 trillion figure with “her own health-care plan,” or claiming that Spanberger’s plan would “double your taxes.” Those are clear references to Sanders’s proposal. Two studies of the Sanders plan, by the libertarian Mercatus Center and the Urban Institute, have estimated that it would raise government expenditures by about $32 trillion. The Mercatus study further estimated that Medicare-for-all would require a doubling of federal individual and corporate income taxes.

But that’s not Spanberger’s plan. Medicare-X is a much more modest proposal. As far as we can tell, the CBO has not assessed the cost of the proposal, advanced by Sens. Tim Kaine (Va.) and Michael F. Bennet (Colo.), two centrist Democrats. But in 2013, the agency said a public option would reduce the deficit by $158 billion over 10 years. The Urban Institute, which has proposed a more expansive effort to add a Medicare-type option, estimated that its plan would increase overall government spending by $790 billion over 10 years while substantially reducing the number of people without health insurance.

In either case, that’s a far cry from $32 trillion.

The Pinocchio Test

Far from telling the “honest truth,” Brat looks at the camera and offers a potent mix of misleading and false claims. According to the nonpartisan CBO, the House GOP bill weakened protections for people with preexisting conditions in states that sought waivers from the more robust rules in Obamacare. Brat cast a vote for that bill — a bill that Trump later called “mean” because it did not do enough for people with preexisting conditions.

Moreover, even if Brat is annoyed at Spanberger’s jabs on preexisting conditions, there is no excuse for falsely claiming that she supports a Sanders-like bill to completely overhaul the U.S. health-care system. It is clear that she supports a plan proposed by Kaine, who is no socialist. We had earlier given candidates Four Pinocchios for such a bait-and-switch, and Brat earns that as well here.

Four Pinocchios


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Four Pinocchios
"What she’s {Abigail Spanberger] really doing is hiding from the failure of Obamacare and her own health-care plan, which increases government control of the economy by $32 trillion and requires you to pay double your taxes. And that’s the honest truth about health care.”
in a campaign ad
Tuesday, October 23, 2018