President Trump’s immediate response to the killing of 11 people at a synagogue in the Squirrel Hill section of Pittsburgh, offered as he headed to Indiana for an event on Saturday, focused on the motivation of the alleged shooter.

“It’s a terrible, terrible thing what’s going on with hate in our country,” he said, “frankly, and all over the world. And something has to be done. Something has to be done.” Then his focus shifted: The attack was even deadlier than publicly reported at the time and, in response to a question from a reporter, that there was not necessarily cause to revisit gun laws.

“If they had protection inside, the results would have been far better,” he said. “This is a dispute that will always exist, I suspect.”

Asked if there was a way to curtail similar acts of violence, Trump offered a sort of shrug.

“Well, it’s a violence that’s — you look at the violence all over the world. I mean, the world has violence,” he said. “The world is a violent world.” He went on to describe the shooter as a “wacko.”

It’s hard not to contrast his response to a mass shooting targeting Jewish Pennsylvanians with his rhetoric on another form of violence that has plagued the world in recent years: terrorism linked to Islamic extremism.

With the attack in Pittsburgh, there have been more people killed in the United States during Trump’s presidency in violent acts perpetrated by people embracing anti-immigrant, anti-Semitic or far-right political ideologies than by terrorists acting on behalf of groups like the Islamic State. To hear Trump talk about it, though, the latter poses the bigger threat and demands the more significant action.

Below, a list of attacks undertaken by those on the political left or right and by those linked to international terrorism. Only events in which a person was injured or killed are included — or if Trump made a public statement about the attack. Some of the events are taken from a New America Foundation compilation.

U.S. attacks that were a function of Islamic extremism

Denver security guard attack, Jan. 31, 2017.

A recent convert to Islam who claimed allegiance to the Islamic State shot and killed a security guard in Colorado after a history of targeting police. Killed: 1. Wounded: 0.

Trump didn’t respond.

Flint stabbing, June 21, 2017.

A Tunisian-born man attacked a security officer at the airport in Flint with a knife, linking his action to American policy in the Middle East. Killed: 0. Wounded: 1.

Trump didn’t respond.

New York City vehicle attack, Oct. 31, 2017.

On Halloween, an immigrant to the United States intentionally drove a rented truck onto a walkway in Lower Manhattan. A note in his rented vehicle claimed allegiance to the Islamic State. Killed: 8. Wounded: 11.

Trump's response came on the same day:

My thoughts, condolences and prayers to the victims and families of the New York City terrorist attack. God and your country are with you! … I have just ordered homeland security to step up our already extreme vetting program. Being politically correct is fine, but not for this! ... We must not allow ISIS to return, or enter, our country after defeating them in the Middle East and elsewhere. Enough!

New York transit attack, Dec. 11, 2017.

A legal permanent resident allegedly tried to detonate a bomb in an underground tunnel connected to the New York City transit system. He claimed it was in response to U.S. action in Syria. Killed: 0. Wounded: 5.

Trump's response came on the same day:

America must fix its lax immigration system, which allows far too many dangerous, inadequately vetted people to access our country.

Florida stabbing, March 19, 2018.

A teenager allegedly stabbed three people during a sleepover, claiming that he did so because of his newly adopted Muslim faith. Killed: 1. Wounded: 2.

Trump didn’t respond.

U.S. attacks that were a function of anti-Semitism or racism

Kansas immigrant shooting, Feb. 24, 2017.

At a bar near Kansas City, two engineers from India were accosted by a man using racial slurs. After the man was kicked out of the bar, he came back and shot the engineers. Killed: 1. Wounded: 2.

Trump’s response came four days later, after considerable public criticism about his silence on those killings and a spate of anti-Semitic incidents.

Recent threats targeting Jewish Community Centers and vandalism of Jewish cemeteries, as well as last week’s shooting in Kansas City, remind us that while we may be a nation divided on policies, we are a country that stands united in condemning hate and evil in all its forms.

New York City stabbing, March 20, 2017.

A Maryland man stabbed a black man to death in New York after allegedly specifically targeting black people. Killed: 1. Wounded: 0.

Trump didn’t respond.

Maryland stabbing, May 20, 2017.

A black U.S. Army officer was allegedly stabbed to death by a man linked to far-right online activity. Killed: 1. Wounded: 0.

Trump didn’t respond.

Portland stabbing, May 26, 2017.

A man confronting two teenagers, one of them in traditional Muslim attire, stabbed to death two men who sought to intervene. Killed: 2. Wounded: 1

Trump’s response came three days later, from his official presidential Twitter account:

The violent attacks in Portland on Friday are unacceptable. The victims were standing up to hate and intolerance. Our prayers are w/ them.

Charlottesville, Aug. 12, 2017.

A white nationalist ran his car into a group of counterprotesters at a pro-Confederacy “Unite the Right” rally in Virginia. Killed: 1. Wounded: 19.

Trump offered a variety of responses over the next several days. His initial response was that the White House “condemn[ed] in the strongest possible terms this egregious display of hatred, bigotry and violence, on many sides. On many sides. It’s been going on for a long time in our country. Not Donald Trump, not Barack Obama. This has been going on for a long, long time.”

Two days later, he offered a more pointed response, read from a prepared statement.

Racism is evil.  And those who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the KKK, neo-Nazis, white supremacists, and other hate groups that are repugnant to everything we hold dear as Americans.
We are a nation founded on the truth that all of us are created equal.  We are equal in the eyes of our Creator.  We are equal under the law.  And we are equal under our Constitution.  Those who spread violence in the name of bigotry strike at the very core of America.

Trump defended his delayed condemnation of racists as being a function of his not wanting to speak without knowing the facts.

The day following, speaking to reporters, he reverted to a broader defense of the original protesters. He claimed that the political left was as culpable for violence in Virginia as the right.

"I’ve condemned neo-Nazis. I’ve condemned many different groups. But not all of those people were neo-Nazis, believe me,” he said. “You had many people in that group other than neo-Nazis and white nationalists. The press has treated them absolutely unfairly.”

“You also had some very fine people on both sides,” he added.

Orange County stabbing, Jan. 2, 2018.

A man believed to be linked to a violent neo-Nazi group allegedly killed a former high school classmate who was Jewish and gay. Killed: 1. Wounded: 0.

Trump didn’t respond.

Kansas City murder, July 6, 2018.

A white man identified by his daughter as a white supremacist allegedly murdered a black woman. Killed: 1. Wounded: 0.

Trump didn’t respond.

Pittsburgh shooting, Oct. 27, 2018.

A synagogue in Pittsburgh was targeted by a man who’d allegedly expressed anti-Semitic views. Killed: 11. Wounded: 6.

Trump's response came on the same day:

If they had protection inside, the results would have been far better. This is a dispute that will always exist, I suspect. … We can’t make these sick, demented, evil people important. When we change all of our lives in order to accommodate them, it’s not acceptable.

It’s worth noting that the attacks committed by acting as a function of Islamic extremism left 10 dead and 19 wounded. Those committed by racists or anti-Semites killed 19 and injured 28.

International attacks that were a function of Islamist extremism

The incidents in which Trump offered his thoughts on domestic terrorism linked to extremism where the attack or attempted attack were at a broader scale. Trump’s often been quick to respond to major terror attacks overseas.

Attack at the Louvre in Paris, Feb. 3, 2017.

A man wielding a machete attacked a group of French soldiers near the famous museum. The attacker expressed sympathy for the Islamic State online. Killed: 0. Wounded: 1.

Trump's response came on the same day:

A new radical Islamic terrorist has just attacked in Louvre Museum in Paris. Tourists were locked down. France on edge again. GET SMART U.S.

Westminster Bridge attack, March 22, 2017.

A man drove a car into pedestrians crossing a bridge in London, then exiting the vehicle and stabbing a police officer. The Islamic State took credit for inspiring him. Killed: 5. Wounded: 49.

Trump’s initial response came on the same day:

Spoke to U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May today to offer condolences on the terrorist attack in London. She is strong and doing very well. … A great American, Kurt Cochran, was killed in the London terror attack. My prayers and condolences are with his family and friends.

Palm Sunday bombings in Egypt, April 9, 2017.

A pair of Christian churches in Egypt were targeted with suicide bombs on Palm Sunday. The Islamic State claimed responsibility. Killed: 47. Wounded: 126.

Trump's response came on the same day:

So sad to hear of the terrorist attack in Egypt. U.S. strongly condemns. I have great confidence that President Al Sisi will handle situation properly.

Manchester arena bombing, May 22, 2017.

A bomb at an Ariana Grande concert in Britain killed more than 20 people. The Islamic State claimed responsibility. Killed: 22. Wounded: 250.

Trump's response came the next day:

I extend my deepest condolences to those so terribly injured in this terrorist attack and to the many killed, and the families, so many families, of the victims. … The terrorists and extremists, and those who give them aid and comfort, must be driven out from our society forever.

London Bridge attack, June 3, 2017.

A van deliberately crashed into pedestrians on London Bridge, after which several men exited the vehicle and began stabbing passersby. The attackers were allegedly inspired by the Islamic State. Killed: 8. Wounded: 48.

Trump tweeted about the attack before it ended. His response came shortly after:

At least 7 dead and 48 wounded in terror attack and Mayor of London says there is “no reason to be alarmed!”

Barcelona attacks, Aug. 17, 2017.

A pair of attacks by terrorists indirectly linked to the Islamic State involved vehicles striking pedestrians in Spain. Killed: 16. Wounded: 152.

Trump's response came on the same day:

The United States condemns the terror attack in Barcelona, Spain, and will do whatever is necessary to help. Be tough & strong, we love you!

Parsons Green bombing, Sept. 15, 2017.

An attempted bombing on the London Underground failed when the bomb didn’t completely detonate. The suspect in the case claimed to have been trained by the Islamic State. Killed: 0. Wounded: 30.

Trump's response came on the same day:

Another attack in London by a loser terrorist.These are sick and demented people who were in the sights of Scotland Yard. Must be proactive! … Loser terrorists must be dealt with in a much tougher manner.The internet is their main recruitment tool which we must cut off & use better!

Egyptian mosque attack, Nov. 24, 2017.

Several dozen gunmen believed to be linked to the Islamic State opened fire during services at a mosque on the Sinai Peninsula. Killed: 311. Wounded: 122.

Trump's response came on the same day:

Horrible and cowardly terrorist attack on innocent and defenseless worshipers in Egypt. The world cannot tolerate terrorism, we must defeat them militarily and discredit the extremist ideology that forms the basis of their existence! … Will be calling the President of Egypt in a short while to discuss the tragic terrorist attack, with so much loss of life. We have to get TOUGHER AND SMARTER than ever before, and we will. Need the WALL, need the BAN! God bless the people of Egypt.

French supermarket attack, March 23, 2018.

A man linked to the Islamic State took hostages at a kosher supermarket in France and killed several people, including a police officer who took the place of one of the hostages. Killed: 4. Wounded: 15.

Trump's response came the next day:

Our thoughts and prayers are with the victims of the horrible attack in France yesterday, and we grieve the nation’s loss. We also condemn the violent actions of the attacker and anyone who would provide him support. We are with you...!

Opera House knife attack, May 12, 2018.

A French citizen born in Chechnya attacked pedestrians with a knife in Paris. The Islamic State took credit. Killed: 1. Wounded: 4.

Trump's response came the next day:

So sad to see the Terror Attack in Paris. At some point countries will have to open their eyes & see what is really going on. This kind of sickness & hatred is not compatible with a loving, peaceful, & successful country! Changes to our thought process on terror must be made.

Car crash near Parliament, Aug. 14, 2018.

A car driven by a refugee from Sudan struck pedestrians near Britain’s Parliament. It is being treated as terrorism. Killed: 0. Wounded: 3.

Trump's response came on the same day:

Another terrorist attack in London...These animals are crazy and must be dealt with through toughness and strength!

Other attacks

Several attacks aren’t included above, including the killing of two black men in a Kentucky grocery store by a man apparently targeting black people. Neither that incident nor a neo-Nazi attack on a Russian government office last year nor an attack by a black man who killed three white people in Fresno received any response from Trump.

One attack perpetrated by Trump’s political opponents last year did.

Attack on Congress members, June 14, 2017.

A man opened fire on a group of Republican members of Congress practicing baseball at a field in Virginia. Killed: 0. Wounded: 6.

Trump's response came on the same day:

We may have our differences, but we do well in times like these to remember everyone who serves in our nation’s capital because they all love our country. We can all agree that we are blessed to be Americans. We are strongest when we are unified and when we work for the common good.

During a rally last week, Trump used the attack that seriously injured House Majority Whip Steve Scalise (R-La.) in the context of the arrest of a man for sending bombs to Democratic politicians through the mail.

“Political violence must never, ever be allowed in America, and I will do everything in my power to stop it. In recent days, we’ve had a broader conversation about the tone and civility of our national dialogue,” Trump said.

He continued:

[W]e have seen an effort by the media in recent hours to use the sinister actions of one individual to score political points against me and the Republican Party. Yet when a Bernie Sanders supporter tried to murder congressional Republicans and severely wounded — a great man named Steve Scalise and others — we did not use that heinous attempt at mass murder for political gain, because that would have been wrong. It would have been the wrong thing to do. Many other examples could be brought up. Nor do we blame the Democrat Party every time radical leftists seized and destroy public property and unleash violence and mayhem.

“The Democrat party has become an angry, ruthless, unhinged mob,” he said earlier this month, “determined to get power by any means necessary.”

That purported shift toward mob-like behavior came during the bitter fight over the nomination of Brett M. Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court. No people have been killed by Democratic protesters in recent months.


The figure for the number of deaths linked to racism or anti-Semitism in the U.S. has been corrected.