Senate Republicans are unified enough that President Trump can expect to get his nominee, Judge Amy Coney Barrett, on the Supreme Court before the election and before the Supreme Court hears a case in November that could end the Affordable Care Act.

Getting enough support from enough Republican senators to move forward was the first and possibly biggest hurdle, but Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) shored that up fairly quickly after Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s death. There’s still a process they have to go through to put Barrett on the court. As we saw with Trump’s 2018 nominee, Brett M. Kavanaugh, the unforeseen can slow that process. Here’s what we can expect now that Barrett’s Senate Judiciary Committee hearings are concluding.

President

NOMINATION

The president chooses a candidate who is well-qualified as well as someone who generally serves his political interests.

Senate Judiciary

Committee

COMMITTEE BREAKDOWN

R

12

D

10

VETTING

The committee checks the nominee’s credentials and background, including finances and past legal decisions.

FIRST HEARING

The committee questions the nominee’s qualifications. The nominee is given a chance to respond.

COMMITTEE VOTE

Even if a majority of the committee opposes the nominee, tradition calls for the panel to send the nomination to the full Senate recommending that it be rejected.

Full Senate

47*

53

*Includes two independents who

caucus with the Democrats.

DEBATE ON SENATE FLOOR

Led by the chair of the Judiciary Committee, the Senate debates the nomination.

Filibuster

Republicans voted in 2017 to end the 60-vote threshold to force a vote on Supreme Court nominees.

FINAL VOTE

Simple 51-vote

majority required.

NOMINATION

FAILS

NOMINATION

CONFIRMED

President

NOMINATION

The president chooses a candidate who is well-qualified as well as someone who generally serves his political interests.

Senate Judiciary

Committee

COMMITTEE BREAKDOWN

R

12

D

10

VETTING

The committee checks the nominee’s credentials and background, including finances and past legal decisions.

FIRST HEARING

The committee questions the nominee’s qualifications. The nominee is given a chance to respond.

COMMITTEE VOTE

Even if a majority of the committee opposes the nominee, tradition calls for the panel to send the nomination to the full Senate recommending that it be rejected.

Full Senate

47*

53

*Includes two independents who

caucus with the Democrats.

DEBATE ON SENATE FLOOR

Led by the chair of the Judiciary Committee, the Senate debates the nomination.

Filibuster

Republicans voted in 2017 to end the 60-vote threshold to force a vote on Supreme Court nominees.

FINAL VOTE

Simple 51-vote

majority required.

NOMINATION

FAILS

NOMINATION

CONFIRMED

President

NOMINATION

The president chooses a candidate who is well-qualified as well as someone who generally serves his political interests.

Senate Judiciary Committee

COMMITTEE BREAKDOWN

VETTING

The committee checks the nominee’s credentials and background, including finances and past legal decisions.

R

12

D

10

FIRST HEARING

The committee questions the nominee’s qualifications. The nominee is given a chance to respond.

BACK TO THE START

A nominee may withdraw from consideration at any time, as Harriet Miers did in 2005.

COMMITTEE VOTE

Even if a majority of the committee opposes the nominee, tradition calls for the panel to send the nomination to the full Senate with the recommendation that it be rejected.

Full Senate

DEBATE ON SENATE FLOOR

Led by the chair of the Judiciary Committee, the Senate debates the nomination.

47*

53

Filibuster

*Includes two independents who

caucus with the Democrats.

Republicans voted in 2017 to end the 60-vote threshold to force a vote on Supreme Court nominees.

FINAL VOTE

Simple 51-vote

majority required.

NOMINATION

CONFIRMED

NOMINATION

FAILS

Senate Judiciary Chairman Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) put the nomination on a timeline to get Barrett confirmed before the election. Barrett faced several days of hearings in the Senate Judiciary Committee, where Democrats tried to cast her as extreme on abortion, reproductive rights, health care, climate change and matters involving the election. They were helped along by her attempt to testify as an impartial judge. Barrett wouldn’t say, for example, whether a landmark 1965 case underpinning birth control rights was wrongly decided, or whether Trump could postpone the election, and she left open the notion that the court could seriously consider undoing Roe v. Wade, which made abortion legal nationwide.

So while those nonanswers did nothing to help her win over Democrats, Barrett didn’t make any major flubs, and Republicans are as motivated as ever to put her on the court. Republicans held a committee vote to advance her nomination on Oct. 22. Democrats boycotted to protest her confirmation before an election, but it was a symbolic move. Republicans control the majority on the committee and had enough votes without Democrats present to quickly confirm her nomination.

Votes to confirm Supreme Court justices

Republican

Democrat

Independent

50 votes needed

for confirmation

Scalia

98 yes

votes

Kennedy

97

Thomas

52

Ginsburg

96

Breyer

87

Roberts

78

Alito

58

Sotomayor

68

Kagan

63

Gorsuch

54

Kavanaugh*

50

*One senator voted present, another did not vote.

Votes to confirm Supreme Court justices

Republican

Democrat

Independent

50 votes needed

for confirmation

Scalia

98 yes

votes

Kennedy

97

Thomas

52

Ginsburg

96

Breyer

87

Roberts

78

Alito

58

Sotomayor

68

Kagan

63

Gorsuch

54

Kavanaugh*

50

*One senator voted present, another did not vote.

Votes to confirm Supreme Court justices

Republican

Democrat

Independent

50 votes needed

for confirmation

Scalia

98 yes votes

Kennedy

97

Thomas

52

Ginsburg

96

Breyer

87

Roberts

78

Alito

58

Sotomayor

68

Kagan

63

Gorsuch

54

Kavanaugh*

50

*One senator voted present, another did not vote.

That will send her nomination to the full Senate for a series of votes, a process that McConnell said will begin Oct. 23, the day after the committee vote. Once it’s on the Senate floor, Democrats can slow the process by requiring 30 hours of extra debate on her nomination and delaying regular Senate order. But all that would take up only a few hours or days at most.

Once the Senate does get to a final vote, 50 Republican votes out of 53 Republican senators are enough to approve the nomination, since Vice President Pence can cast the tie-breaking vote. Only two Republican senators have expressed concerns about voting on a nominee now. Democrats have spent the past few weeks trying to coax other Republicans to their side, but it’s a long shot, given how quickly GOP senators fell in line with Trump and the Senate GOP leadership.

The average Supreme Court confirmation process in recent decades has taken two to three months, but this one could be done in a month.

The rush comes with political risks. Democrats have seen a wave of initial enthusiasm in donations and polling since Republicans said they would push forward with this.

If, for some reason, the nomination vote doesn’t happen until after the election, Republicans could be voting having just lost the White House and the Senate majority, which are the very political mandates they relied on to fill this vacancy before an election. (A new Senate majority wouldn’t take over until January, so Republicans could still push this nomination through in the lame-duck session.)

Democrats reduced the number of senators needed to force a vote on lower-court judges from 60 to 51 in 2013. Senate Republicans followed suit in 2017 and eliminated the filibuster on Supreme Court nominations, meaning nominees would need to clear a 50-vote threshold to be confirmed.

Many sitting justices were confirmed with bipartisan support, although the days of overwhelming consensus have passed. That will probably be the case with this nomination, Trump’s third to the Supreme Court.