The coronavirus has now hit the leader of the free world, with President Trump announcing early Friday that he has tested positive. Given Trump’s continued insistence on holding large public events and the fact that those events and his private meetings rarely include masks, there are now questions about just how much the virus might have spread among his inner circle and people with whom he has come into contact.
“Given the nature of the interactions, there are a potentially large number of people who are going to meet the exposure definition,” said Lisa Maragakis, an epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins University. She said that large number is “just based upon the public events that we know of, and I’m sure there are many private meetings that need to be considered, too.”
Below is the most recent list of who we know has tested positive or negative, and what their proximity to the president and others was.
(It’s important to emphasize, though, that one negative test doesn’t mean one hasn’t contracted the virus. Several White House aides have repeatedly tested negative before testing positive. As Maragakis noted, the incubation period is generally two to 14 days, but for most people it is around four or five days. Anyone who is exposed should quarantine for 14 days.)
(This post will be updated frequently.)
When tested positive: Announced in the wee hours of Friday morning.
Where he has been: Trump held a fundraiser at his property in Bedminster, N.J., on Thursday, spoke with reporters and held a rally in Minnesota on Wednesday, participated in a debate with Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden on Tuesday (Biden and running mate Sen. Kamala D. Harris have tested negative), held a White House event on coronavirus testing Sept. 28 and held a news conference Sept. 27.
First lady Melania Trump
When tested positive: Announced alongside Trump’s diagnosis Friday morning.
Where she has been: She attended the debate Tuesday, where she was pictured wearing a mask despite other members of Trump’s family not doing so. She also took part in a reception with Gold Star families Sept. 27at the White House, where she and most others did not wear a mask.
When tested positive: Had symptoms Wednesday and tested positive Thursday morning, after previously testing negative.
Where she has been: Hicks is one of Trump’s closest advisers and traveled with Trump on Air Force One and Marine One this week. She fell ill at the rally Wednesday in Minnesota and was quarantined on Air Force One on the trip back.
White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany
When tested positive: Monday morning, after repeatedly testing negative.
Where she has been: Works closely with Trump, attended White House briefings with reporters on Sept. 27 and Thursday, shortly after Hicks’s diagnosis. (McEnany said she was unaware of Hicks’s diagnosis at the time.)
White House senior advisor Stephen Miller
When tested positive: First reported Tuesday, after repeated negative tests.
Where he has been: Miller is a high-ranking White House aide. His wife and fellow White House aide, Katie Miller, contracted the virus in May.
Sen. Mike Lee (R-Utah)
When tested positive: Thursday.
Where he has been: A Senate Judiciary Committee member, he met with Supreme Court nominee Judge Amy Coney Barrett on Tuesday (Barrett tested positive over the summer but has since tested negative) and has met with Senate colleagues in recent days. Lee said he previously tested negative before a White House visit in recent days, apparently referring to attending Barrett’s outdoors announcement Sept. 26, where few were wearing masks.
Sen. Thom Tillis (R-N.C.)
When he tested positive: Announced Friday night.
Where he has been: Another Senate Judiciary Committee member, he attended Barrett’s announcement Sept. 26 and met with her personally Wednesday.
Sen. Ron Johnson (R-Wis.)
When he tested positive: Tested Friday, results announced Saturday morning.
Where he has been: Johnson was not at the Barrett announcement, as he was in quarantine after an exposure to the virus in mid-September. He returned to Washington on Tuesday and was tested after being exposed again, this time testing positive.
Republican National Committee Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel
When tested positive: Wednesday, though it wasn’t reported until Friday.
Where she has been: She was last around Trump at a Sept. 25 fundraiser and flew home to Michigan the next day. Given the elapsed time, it’s not clear whether her case is related to the others.
The Rev. John I. Jenkins, University of Notre Dame president
When tested positive: Last week.
Where he has been: Jenkins attended Barrett’s announcement, after which he was criticized for not wearing a mask and later apologized. The university said he was tested after someone he was in contact with tested positive for the virus.
Former White House counselor Kellyanne Conway
When tested positive: On Friday, according to a tweet.
Where she has been: The former counselor to the president, who left that post over the summer, was among those in debate prep sessions with Trump before the Tuesday debate. Conway was also at the Barrett announcement, seated near the front of the ceremony.
Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien
When he tested positive: Late Friday night.
Where he has been: Attended the Barrett ceremony and traveled with Trump this week, at one point being pictured alongside Hicks.
Trump debate adviser Chris Christie
When he tested positive: Saturday morning
I just received word that I am positive for COVID-19. I want to thank all of my friends and colleagues who have reached out to ask how I was feeling in the last day or two. I will be receiving medical attention today and will keep the necessary folks apprised of my condition.— Governor Christie (@GovChristie) October 3, 2020
Where he has been: Christie prepared Trump for the debate, telling ABC News on Friday morning, “No one was wearing masks in the room when we were prepping the president. … The group was about five or six people in total.” He also attended Barrett’s announcement and appeared at a White House press conference Sept. 27, where he was seen huddling with Trump lawyer Rudolph W. Giuliani and press secretary Kayleigh McEnany, none of them wearing masks.
Trump’s personal assistant Nick Luna
When he tested positive: Confirmed by a White House official Saturday night.
Where he has been: Travels with Trump frequently.
Vice President Pence
Supreme Court nominee Judge Amy Coney Barrett
When she was tested: The Washington Post reports that Barrett actually tested positive for the virus this summer, but after recovering she is regularly retested and was negative Friday morning.
Where she has been: Barrett appeared alongside Trump at her announcement, with neither wearing a mask. She has since been meeting personally with senators ahead of her planned confirmation hearings, which remain planned for the week of Oct. 12.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo
Where he has been: Pompeo has been traveling overseas since Sept. 27 and took a test while traveling to Croatia on Friday.
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin
Where he has been: Mnuchin has spent recent days spearheading the White House’s negotiations on a coronavirus relief bill, including meeting with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) on Wednesday. (Pelosi tested negative.)
White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow
Rudolph W. Giuliani
Where he has been: Giuliani was among the Trump advisers who prepared him for Tuesday’s debate, a group whose members, fellow adviser Chris Christie said, didn’t wear masks.
Rep. Jim Jordan (R-Ohio)
Where he has been: Jordan traveled on Air Force One to the debate in his home state.
Sen. Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.)
Where he has been: Met with Barrett on Tuesday.
Sen. Joni Ernst (R-Iowa)
Where she has been: Met with Barrett on Wednesday.
Sen. Ben Sasse (R-Neb.)
Where he has been: Attended Barrett’s announcement and met with her Thursday.
Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Tex.)
Where he has been: Met with Barrett on Tuesday and sat next to Lee on Thursday.
Sen. Josh Hawley (R-Mo.)
Where he has been: Attended Barrett’s announcement and met with her Thursday.
Sen. Deb Fischer (R-Neb.)
Where she has been: Attended Barrett’s announcement.