President-elect Joe Biden addressed the nation Monday night after amassing the electoral votes to secure his White House win, taking a harder line than he has in the past against the efforts by President Trump and his supporters to overturn the election.

“It’s a position so extreme, we’ve never seen it before — a position that refused to respect the will of the people, refused to respect the rule of law and refused to honor our Constitution,” Biden said in Wilmington, Del. He also called for national unity, even as polls show voters remain deeply divided and many Republicans refuse to recognize Biden’s win.

Biden’s speech came hours after California and its 55 electoral votes put him over the top. Hawaii was the last state to complete the vote.

Trump had no public events but has continued to tweet grievances about the election, which he claimed Sunday is “under protest.” He abruptly announced via tweet Monday night that Attorney General William P. Barr will be departing the administration later this month.

Here’s what to know:
  • Six of the states in which Trump contested his defeat — Nevada, Arizona, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan — cast their electoral votes for Biden. Follow the vote here.
  • In a prime-time address Monday night, Biden delivered another victory speech, speaking to the nation after the electoral college vote. “In this battle for the soul of America, democracy prevailed,” he said.
  • Trump reversed course on a plan to have some White House staff members be among the first Americans to be vaccinated against the coronavirus.
  • Trump signaled that he will continue to challenge the results of the 2020 election even after the electoral college meets to cast votes solidifying Biden’s victory.
  • Here’s how the electoral college works.
  • Election results are under attack: Here are the facts.
1:17 a.m.
Link copied

Biden offers spirited condemnation of Trump’s efforts to undermine election

President-elect Joe Biden attacked Republicans for making baseless claims about the legitimacy of the election on Dec. 14 in Wilmington, Del. (The Washington Post)

After a month of downplaying the danger of Trump’s and Republicans’ efforts to delegitimize Biden’s win in the general election, the president-elect unleashed a forceful condemnation of Trump and his allies, hours after the electoral college made his win officially official, once and for all.

Biden called the lawsuit filed by 17 Republican attorneys general and 126 Republican members of Congress at the Supreme Court asking the nation’s highest court to toss out results in multiple states an “unprecedented assault on our democracy.” He called Republicans’ efforts to undermine lawful results a “position so extreme we’ve never seen it before.” And he pointed out the number of Republican judges, including some appointed by Trump himself, who dismissed as meritless multiple efforts to overturn results in key states.

The 78-year-old, who had to pause to clear his throat more often than he usually does in speeches like these, praised the efforts of local election officials and others who, as he put it, “were subject to so much — enormous political pressure, verbal abuse and even threats of physical violence.”

“They did their duty in the face of a pandemic, and then they could not, and would not, give credence to what was not true,” said Biden, who called the treatment of election officials “unconscionable.”

“They know this election was overseen. It was overseen by them. It was honest, it was free and it was fair. They saw it with their own eyes, and they wouldn’t be bullied into saying anything different.”

While many Republican lawmakers have been slow to acknowledge his victory, Biden thanked those who had. But he also made clear his victory was a sizable one.

“The same number of electoral votes that Donald Trump and Vice President Pence received when they won in 2016. At the time, President Trump called his electoral college tally a landslide,” Biden said. “By his own standards, these numbers represented a clear victory then, and I respectfully suggest they do so now.”

12:23 a.m.
Link copied

Some Republicans acknowledge Biden is president-elect after electoral college vote

Republican lawmakers on Monday evening began acknowledging — somewhat — that Joe Biden is the president-elect after the electoral college convened to affirm his victory over Trump.

For weeks, most GOP senators and representatives had sidestepped the question, with most suggesting they wanted to “let the legal process play out” with regards to Trump’s baseless claims of widespread voter fraud. (There has been no evidence of such fraud that would have changed the outcome of the election.)

In a statement Monday, Sen. Mike Braun (R-Ind.) said he was “disappointed” by the results of the electoral college vote but said “we must put aside politics and respect the constitutional process.”

“Today, the electoral college has cast their votes and selected Joe Biden as the President-elect. State Legislatures, State Courts, and the United States Supreme Court have not found enough evidence of voter fraud to overturn the results of the Electoral College vote,” Braun said.

Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) said that “now we have the constitutional threshold and we’ll deal with Vice President Biden as the president-elect. The president continues obviously to have all the options he has available to him but the electoral vote today was significant.”

Braun and Blunt were in the minority in that they explicitly referred to Biden by name. Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) told reporters “yeah” when asked if Biden was president-elect and began commenting rapid-fire on Biden’s would-be Cabinet nominees.

Several other Republican lawmakers instead begrudgingly acknowledged that the process had played out and that they followed the Constitution. When asked if the electoral college vote meant that Biden was the president-elect, Sen. Joni Ernst (R-Iowa) said “if that’s what the electoral college decides today.”

Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) said he did not have to acknowledge Biden was president-elect because “the Constitution does.” When pressed, Grassley simply added: “I follow the Constitution.”

Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.) called the topic a “gotcha question.” Rep. Chip Roy (R-Tex.) said it was a “media game” and refused to respond.

And Sen. Kevin Cramer (R-N.D.) gave a convoluted response to reporters in which he seemed to take great pains not to reference Biden’s victory in any way: “Well, it seems to me that being elected by the electoral college is a threshold where a title like that is probably most appropriate and it’s, I suppose you can say official, if there is such a thing as official president-elect, or anything else-elect. And there’s an inauguration that will swear somebody in and that person will be the president of the United States, but whether you call it that or not, you know, there are legal challenges that are ongoing — not very many — probably not a remedy that would change the outcome but, so, I don’t — again I don’t know how a politician refers to another politician but it does look to me like the big race is really between the inaugural committee and the Justice Department at this point.”

10:37 p.m.
Link copied

Cornyn, Thune signal acceptance of electoral vote for Biden, are dismissive of any GOP challenge

A top Senate Republican on Monday warned members of his party not to challenge the electoral college results when both chambers of Congress meet next month to officially tally them.

“I think that would be a bad mistake,” Sen. John Cornyn (R-Tex.) told reporters at the Capitol on Monday afternoon when asked about a possible GOP effort to object to the results.

“I think there comes a time when you have to realize that despite your best efforts, you’ve been unsuccessful. That’s sort of the nature of these elections,” Cornyn said. He added: “I just hope they realize that it would be futile and it’s unnecessary.”

At least one Trump ally, Rep. Mo Brooks (R-Ala.), has suggested he will try to use an 1880s law that allows members of Congress to challenge a state’s results during the Jan. 6 tally and make the whole Congress vote on whether to accept the results.

To do so, however, one senator would have to join in Brooks’s effort. So far, no senator has publicly declared that they would, although Sens. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) and Ron Johnson (R-Wis.) have reportedly declined to rule it out.

Cornyn also on Monday inched closer to calling Biden “president-elect,” telling reporters that the title is warranted “subject to whatever additional litigation is ongoing.” But he declined to call on other Republicans to use the term, saying, “I’ll leave that up to each individual.”

Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.) also signaled he is prepared to call Biden president-elect.

“Well, I mean, once somebody gets 270 [electoral votes] -- I understand they’re ruling right now, but I think that’s the process we have, yes," Thune told reporters.

Asked whether he has any doubts, Thune replied, “As soon as he crosses the 270-vote threshold, I mean there are still a couple of, I guess, last steps in the process, but in my view that’s how in this country we decide presidential elections. That’s our Constitution, and I believe in following the Constitution.”

Thune, too, was dismissive of any effort to challenge the votes on Jan. 6. While there are “people who feel strongly about the outcome of this election,” at some point, “you have to face the music,” Thune said, adding that "once the electoral college settles the issue today, it’s time for everybody to move on.”

“It’s their prerogative. It’s allowed for in the Constitution. But it’s not going anywhere,” he said of a potential challenge on Jan. 6. “It’s an opportunity for people to vent and protest, but in the end, we have a clear way of determining a president, those steps have been adhered to, they’ve been followed.”

10:28 p.m.
Link copied

California has cast its electoral votes for Biden, formalizing his victory in the presidential race

California cast its 55 electoral votes for Biden on Monday, putting the president-elect over the top in the White House race despite Trump’s efforts to subvert the election results.

Based on the results of the Nov. 3 general election, Biden is set to have 306 electoral votes to Trump’s 232 by the end of the day. To win the White House, a candidate needs 270 of the 538 total electoral votes.

The votes are cast by individual electors, who are typically leaders and loyalists of the political party that won the state’s popular vote. Their ballots will be formally counted during a joint session of Congress on Jan. 6.

9:50 p.m.
Link copied

Retiring Rep. Paul Mitchell announces he’s leaving GOP over its support for Trump’s efforts to overturn election

Rep. Paul Mitchell, a second-term Michigan Republican who is retiring from Congress, announced Monday that he is leaving the Republican Party and will become an independent in protest of the GOP’s embrace of Trump’s efforts to overturn the results of the 2020 election.

In a letter to Republican National Committee Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel and House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.), Mitchell delivered a scathing rebuke of Trump’s actions, declaring that it is “unacceptable for political candidates to treat our election system as though we are a third-world nation and incite distrust of something so basic as the sanctity of our vote.”

He also sharply criticized his party’s leaders for supporting efforts to overturn the vote and promoting the baseless claim that the election was rife with fraud.

“If Republican leaders collectively sit back and tolerate unfounded conspiracy theories and ‘stop the steal’ rallies without speaking out for our electoral process ... our nation will be damaged,” Mitchell said in the letter, which was first reported by CNN.

Mitchell, the sophomore representative to the GOP House leadership, announced last year that he would not run for reelection in 2020, voicing frustration that “rhetoric overwhelms policy” in Washington. He was among the first Republican lawmakers to criticize Trump for his racist tweets aimed at four liberal minority congresswomen known as “the Squad.”

In his letter, Mitchell said Republican leaders’ actions risk causing “long-term harm to our democracy.”

“As elected members of Congress, we take an oath to ‘support and defend the Constitution of the United States,’ not to preserve and protect the political interests of any individual, be it the president or anyone else, to the detriment of our cherished nation,” he said. “As a result, I am writing to advise you both that I am withdrawing from my engagement and association with the Republican Party at both the national and state level.”

He added: “I am also requesting that the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives change my party affiliation to Independent for the remainder of my term in office. While admittedly symbolic, we all know that symbols matter.”

9:04 p.m.
Link copied

Biden to proclaim: ‘In this battle for the soul of America, democracy prevailed’

In a prime-time address Monday night, Biden is planning to deliver another victory speech, speaking to the nation after the electoral college has reaffirmed his presidential victory, while Trump continues to falsely claim the results are in doubt.

Biden’s remarks are intended to unify, with direct appeals to Trump supporters, while also proclaiming that American democracy has worked despite repeated attempts to subvert it.

“If anyone didn’t know it before, we know it now,” Biden plans to say, according to early excerpts of the speech. “What beats deep in the hearts of the American people is this: Democracy. The right to be heard. To have your vote counted. To choose the leaders of this nation. To govern ourselves.”

In remarks that appear clearly aimed at Trump, the president-elect also implicitly rejects Trump’s attempts to challenge the results of the election.

“In America, politicians don’t take power — the people grant it to them,” Biden plans to say. “The flame of democracy was lit in this nation a long time ago. And we now know that nothing — not even a pandemic or an abuse of power — can extinguish that flame.”

Even as Trump has refused to concede and pledged to continue fighting the election results despite few avenues left to him, Biden plans to call for the country to move on.

“In this battle for the soul of America, democracy prevailed,” he plans to say. “We the people voted. Faith in our institutions held. The integrity of our elections remains intact. And so, now it is time to turn the page. To unite. To heal.”

Biden has spent the past several weeks forming his Cabinet and preparing to take the oath of office on Jan. 20. Just as he did in his election victory speech more than five weeks ago, the incoming president plans to speak to Trump’s large number of supporters, many of whom view Biden as an illegitimate president-elect.

“I will work just as hard for those of you who didn’t vote for me as I will for those who did,” Biden plans to say, before turning toward the coronavirus and the plan to vaccinate millions of Americans.

“There is urgent work in front of all of us,” his remarks continue. “Getting the pandemic under control to getting the nation vaccinated against this virus: delivering immediate economic help so badly needed by so many Americans who are hurting today and then building our economy back better than ever.”

7:59 p.m.
Link copied

Michigan casts its 16 electoral votes for Biden

LANSING, Mich. — Michigan’s presidential electors cast their 16 votes for Biden on Monday afternoon, formalizing the Democrat’s 154,000-vote victory in the state.

Michigan’s electors cast their votes at 2:50 p.m. Eastern time in a largely empty Capitol building. State officials said they had closed the building because of concerns about the coronavirus and other, unspecified “credible threats.”

Amid heavy security, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) told those at the ceremonial gathering that “this was truly a historic election during the worst public health crisis we have seen.” She praised Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson (D) and other state officials and election workers for “securing a fair and accurate election.”

A group of Republican electors challenging the vote was turned away from the gathering by state police. Wearing a black mask, Whitmer told the chamber that “now is the time for us to put this election behind us” and to work together “to defeat our common enemy: covid-19.” She added, “It’s time to move forward as one United States of America.”

The ceremonial event opened with the national anthem, followed by “Lift Every Voice and Sing,” often referred to as the “Black national anthem.” A diverse group of Michigan religious leaders then led the gathering in prayer.

Earlier Monday, a GOP state representative suggested that he and other Republican legislators might try to enter the building to try to stop the vote. Rep. Gary Eisen said he did not rule out the possibility of violence during that attempt.

But statehouse GOP leaders quickly rebuked Eisen, removing him from his committee assignments and rejecting the idea that the legislature could undo Biden’s win.

“Michigan’s Democratic slate of electors should be able to proceed with their duty, free from threats of violence and intimidation,” said Michigan Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey (R). “President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect [Kamala D.] Harris won Michigan’s presidential election.”

In the end, there was no violence outside the statehouse and only a smattering of protesters.

Biden won Michigan by more votes than any of the other swing states that sealed his victory. But despite that margin, Michigan still became the scene of several post-election dramas as Trump and his allies, pushing baseless claims of election fraud, leaned on the bipartisan boards of canvassers that Michigan uses to certify its votes.

In Wayne County, home of Detroit, two Republican members of the board of canvassers initially refused to certify the county’s votes — then relented after hearing hours of public outrage. At the state board of canvassers, one Republican abstained from voting, but the vote was still certified after the other GOP member voted yes.

The electors who formally cast Michigan’s votes for Biden included a history teacher, several retirees, leaders in the autoworkers and teachers unions, and Democratic activists. They were selected at the state’s Democratic Party convention this summer.

7:57 p.m.
Link copied

Law enforcement braced for protests, but some swing-state capitols are quiet as electors gather

As electors gathered Monday to finalize their votes in the presidential contest, the capitol grounds in the hardest-fought battleground states remained largely quiet and free of physical protests of the vote.

Law enforcement had braced for an influx of protesters at state capitols in swing states where state elected officials have been bombarded with harassment and threats of physical harm. A few dozen protesters gathered at the Michigan Capitol in Lansing two hours ahead of the scheduled vote but were outnumbered by journalists and law enforcement officers who had appeared there in anticipation of the protesters.

Eventually, protesters slowly trickled in to express grievances ranging from the election outcome to the legality of mask mandates to the validity of coronavirus data. Sixteen electors were slated to finalize the state’s presidential vote for Biden.

For Barry Wayne Adams, 65, of Marshall, Mich., his concerns were all of the above. He cited “an effort by the system at large to try to impose the new normal on us.”

As for the election outcome, Adams isn’t sure what to believe. “We’re still in limbo as to what really happened, but we’re intentionally kept in a state of uncertainty as to what went on,” he said, adding, “We’re just watching it play out.”

The Pennsylvania Capitol complex in Harrisburg was quiet and snowy as 20 electors prepared to gather to cast ballots for Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala D. Harris. On the Capitol steps, where Trump supporters have held several election protests, a single Christmas tree stood instead.

Troy Thompson, a spokesman for the Pennsylvania Department of General Services, said that while no credible security threats had been received, Capitol Police were working with state and federal police to ensure the electors’ safety.

“We’ve always maintained a high level of security regardless of the circumstances, and this year is no different,” Thompson said.

In Nevada, the first state to meet Monday, there was no sign of protesters or even many passersby at the closed Legislative Building grounds in Carson City as the state’s six electors gathered virtually to cast their votes. Five electors joined the video call from private locations in Las Vegas, and one joined from near Reno. Nevada electors are legally bound to vote for President-elect Joe Biden; the state is one of 32 states with a faithful-elector law.

Jennifer Russell, press officer for the Nevada secretary of state’s office, said she did not anticipate any electors going rogue, but the office did have six alternate electors standing by in case an issue arose. Biden won Nevada by 33,596 votes, winning only the state’s two most-populous counties, home to Las Vegas and Reno.

Sofradzija reported from Lansing, Worden from Harrisburg, Masterson from Carson City and Lee from Washington.

7:31 p.m.
Link copied

D.C. casts its three electoral votes — all by women — for Biden

Every four years, each state and the District of Columbia selects a group of people who will be responsible for officially casting electoral votes for president and vice president. And in the District, those positions have typically been reserved for Democratic politicians, council members or other public figures.

On Monday, the three electoral votes for the nation’s capital will be cast by residents whose names are less recognizable but whose work is appreciated more than ever — a nurse, a Safeway grocery store worker and an advocate for D.C. statehood. In a year marking the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment granting women the right to vote, all three of the District’s electors will also be women.

The trio cast their votes for Biden on Monday afternoon.

7:31 p.m.
Link copied

Early in-person voting begins in Georgia for two Senate runoffs

Early in-person voting for the pair of U.S. Senate runoff elections in Georgia got underway Monday.

The high-stakes Jan. 5 contests will determine which party controls the Senate. Sen. David Perdue’s (R-Ga.) six-year term will end two days before his runoff against Democrat Jon Ossoff. Appointed Sen. Kelly Loeffler (R-Ga.) is facing off against Democrat Raphael Warnock.

If Democrats win both Georgia races, it will be a 50-50 split in the Senate. Vice President-elect Kamala D. Harris, once sworn in, would become president of the Senate and give Democrats a tie-breaking vote.

In Cobb County, election officials adjusted their plans after drawing ire from voting rights advocates for shuttering more than half of their early-voting sites ahead of the runoffs.

In a statement, Seth Bringman, spokesman for Fair Fight Action, started by former Georgia gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams to advocate for voting rights, urged people to “vote early in person or to return their mail ballots as soon as possible and to support Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock.”

“We are hopeful that the Secretary of State has learned his lesson from early voting in the general election, in which he failed to provide the necessary eNet bandwidth to accommodate voters, a problem he did not fix until the third day,” Bringman said.

Bringman also called on Cobb County to add weekend early-voting hours and added the group hopes the secretary of state will call on two counties — Hall and Forsyth — to reverse a decision to shutter some early voting locations in areas with a high concentration of voters of color.

There have been 1.22 million mail ballots requested ahead of the election, with 260,000 people already returning their ballots.

6:31 p.m.
Link copied

Former president Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton among New York’s 29 electors

Former president Bill Clinton and former secretary of state Hillary Clinton were among the 29 electors casting ballots in New York on Dec. 14. (The Washington Post)

Former president Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton, former secretary of state and 2016 Democratic presidential nominee, were among the 29 electors casting ballots at the state capital in New York, as members of the electoral college gathered at statehouses across the country to formally vote for president and vice president.

The chamber broke out in applause after it was announced that the 29 electors had cast their ballots for Biden for president and Sen. Kamala D. Harris (D-Calif.) for vice president.

New York Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo (D) was also among the state’s electors and presided over New York’s electoral college vote.

Hillary Clinton tweeted after the vote that she believes “we should abolish the Electoral College and select our president by the winner of the popular vote.”

She won the popular vote against Donald Trump in 2016, though Trump got more electoral votes.

“But while it still exists, I was proud to cast my vote in New York for Joe Biden and Kamala Harris,” she added.

6:26 p.m.
Link copied

‘We made it,’ says Wisconsin’s Democratic governor after 10 electors cast their votes for Biden

Led by Democratic Gov. Tony Evers, Wisconsin’s 10 electors cast their votes for former vice president Joe Biden, sealing the Democrat’s narrow victory in a state that helped give Trump the White House four years ago.

Other Wisconsin electors included Lt. Gov. Mandela Barnes and Ben Wikler, the chairman of the state Democratic Party. The group met in an ornate wood-paneled room at the state capitol in Madison.

After announcing the tally, Evers added, his voice filled with relief, “We made it.”

Like in other swing states, Monday’s vote came only after weeks of challenges and false allegations raised by President Trump and his supporters. Biden defeated Trump by more than 20,000 votes in the Badger State. The margin was close enough that Trump was allowed to request a recount — which he did only in the state’s two most Democratic-leaning counties, Milwaukee and Dane. As a result of the recount, Biden’s lead grew by 87 votes.

Trump then challenged the recount results in court. Never did his campaign argue that any voter committed fraud or engaged in other wrongdoing. Instead, they alleged that in administering the election, state and local officials had misapplied state law. For instance, they said that a form used by people to vote in person and labeled an “application/certification” did not comply with a state law requirement that anyone who votes before Election Day must fill out an “application.” Though the form has been used across much of the state for more than a decade, they challenged votes cast with it only in the two most Democratic counties.

In all, they sought to get judges to throw out 220,000 votes. But a state judge ruled last week that election officials broke no rules in the election and Biden’s win was valid, a decision that was affirmed by the state Supreme Court about an hour before the electors met. Likewise, a federal judge also found the election had been properly conducted and ruled that none of Trump’s constitutional rights were violated.

6:06 p.m.
Link copied

Georgia casts its 16 electoral votes for Biden

Georgia’s 16 Democratic electors on Monday unanimously cast their votes for Biden during a meeting at the State Capitol, a momentous occasion that followed two statewide presidential recounts and marked the first time since 1992 that the state has chosen a Democrat for president.

The electors, socially distanced and masked, cheered and applauded after the vote was complete.

“This has been a moment long time coming,” said Stacey Abrams, a former gubernatorial candidate, who presided over the meeting. Abrams’s organizing efforts are credited with helping deliver Biden’s narrow win.

Monday’s vote sealed Biden’s 11,779-vote victory after weeks of drama that unfolded in the state after Election Day, with multiple lawsuits filed by Trump and his allies, two recounts that reaffirmed Biden’s win, and efforts by Trump to pressure the state’s Republican governor and secretary of state to overturn the results.

As the state’s official Democratic electors cast their ballots for Biden and Harris, a group of state Republicans made a last-ditch effort to express support for Trump by casting their own, unofficial ballots. Some members of Georgia’s Republican Party met in a different part of the State Capitol, saying they were unwilling to concede the election, and claimed without substantiation that the “contest of the election is ongoing.”

Georgia certified its election results for the second time last week after a second recount of the roughly 5 million ballots cast in the presidential race, which included the largest hand-recounted audit of ballots in U.S. history.

Haisten Willis contributed to this report.

6:06 p.m.
Link copied

Pennsylvania, one of hardest-fought battlegrounds, casts 20 electoral votes for Biden

Members of the electoral college from the state of Pennsylvania convened on Dec. 14 to formally cast its 20 electoral votes for Joe Biden as U.S. president. (The Washington Post)

Pennsylvania’s 20 presidential electors voted for Biden, cementing his victory over Trump in one of the election’s hardest-fought battlegrounds.

The result was announced at a ceremony in Harrisburg by Rich Fitzgerald, the county executive of Allegheny County and a teller for Monday’s event. Under state law, the college’s votes were dictated by Biden’s defeat of Trump in the popular vote, 3,458,229 votes to 3,377,674 — a winning margin of 80,555. But their choice also amounted to a rebuke of Trump and his Republican allies in the state, who spent more than a month fighting in the courts to sabotage the electoral process.

Because of the pandemic, the electors met in an auditorium near the Pennsylvania Capitol deemed better for social distancing than the state House chamber, the usual venue. In her opening remarks, Secretary of the Commonwealth Kathy Boockvar noted that the group was gathered 231 years after the nation’s first electoral college convened in the state.

Members of the college cast their votes in a ballot box designed by Benjamin Franklin. Boockvar did not mention Trump’s failed attempt to overturn the result, in which he and fellow Republicans repeatedly sued Boockvar and other election officials in federal and state courts. But she chose to quote remarks made by the last one-term Republican president, George H.W. Bush, during his prompt concession of the 1992 election to Bill Clinton: “The people have spoken, and we respect the majesty of the democratic system.”