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6 takeaways from the Jan. 6 committee’s first prime-time hearing

The House select committee held its first prime-time session on June 9 after spending nearly a year investigating the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol. (Video: Mahlia Posey/The Washington Post, Photo: Demetrius Freeman/The Washington Post)
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The House Jan. 6 committee held its first prime-time hearing Thursday night on the 2021 attack on the Capitol and the events leading up to it. Here are six takeaways from the first of June’s hearings, after nearly a year of investigation.

1. The committee holds Trump responsible for the attack

“President Trump summoned the mob, assembled the mob and lit the flame of this attack.” That is the top Republican on the committee (and one of only two who agreed to participate with Democrats), Vice Chair Liz Cheney (Wyo.), directly laying the blame for the violence on Trump.

“When a president fails to take the steps necessary to preserve our union or worse causes a constitutional crisis,” she said, “we’re at a moment of maximum danger for our republic.”

Cheney said that over the next month, the committee will present evidence that Trump made not a single call to the Defense Department or other national security agencies during the attack. The committee played testimony from Gen. Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, saying that it was Vice President Mike Pence who made those calls.

The committee said it will present evidence that the president “refused for hours to do what his staff, his family and many of his other advisers begged him to do: immediately instruct his supporters to stand down and evacuate the Capitol.” He also yelled at advisers who told him to act, the panel said.

And, perhaps most damning, the committee said he cheered on the protesters’ most violent tendencies. Cheney said, “Aware of the rioters chanting to ‘hang Mike Pence,’ the president responded with this sentiment: ‘Maybe our supporters have the right idea. [Mike Pence] deserves it.’”

At the Jan. 6 hearing on June 9, Rep. Liz Cheney (R-Wyo.) stated President Donald Trump said Vice President Mike Pence “deserved” to be hanged. (Video: The Washington Post, Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post)

Much of this has been corroborated by earlier reporting.

2. How the committee plans to tell its story

It was always going to be a challenge for the committee to focus the public’s attention on an event from more than a year ago — and to do it over a series of hearings for a month. On Thursday, it laid out exactly how it will try to tell the story of the Jan. 6 attack and who was responsible for it.

The committee opened by seeking to jolt the American public back to that violent day with never-before-seen footage of the attackers marching up to the Capitol and smashing windows to get in, overwhelming Capitol Police officers. “We can’t hold this, there are too many f------g people. Look at it from this vantage point. We’re f----d,” one officer says.

On Monday, the committee members will share how they think Trump tried to steal the election, though he knew he had lost. “President Trump ignored the rulings of our nation’s courts,” Cheney said Thursday. “He ignored his own campaign leadership.” They played video of Trump’s attorney general, William P. Barr, who told the committee he resigned in the final month of the administration in part because Trump was trying to wrestle his way to staying in power: “I made it clear I did not agree with the idea of saying the election was stolen and putting out this stuff, which I told the president was bullshit,” Barr said.

In footage shared during the Jan. 6 committee hearing on June 9, former attorney general William Barr said that he did not believe the election was stolen. (Video: The Washington Post, Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post)

On Wednesday, the committee will detail how Trump “corruptly planned” to replace top Justice Department officials with his allies, who wanted to endorse investigations of baseless election fraud claims in states such as Georgia. (After they threatened mass resignations, he did not end up replacing them.)

Later, the committee will spend a significant amount of time on the pressure Trump and his allies put on Pence to overturn the election results on Jan. 6, something Pence said was “wrong.” They’ll also talk about how Trump “corruptly pressured” state legislators and election officials to change election results, and will shed new light on the Trump campaign’s efforts to set up slates of false electors in states he’d lost.

Finally, the committee will revisit the day of the riot, accusing Trump of having “summoned” right-wing groups to attack the Capitol, then resisting calls by his allies and family members to tell the attackers to go home. In Cheney’s words, after the attack, White House staff feared that Trump “was too dangerous to be left alone.”

It’s a lot for the committee to tackle — all while keeping Americans’ attention over a long period of time. But the first hearing was objectively riveting, weaving together startling footage of that day — including congressional staffers running for their lives as attackers breached the Capitol — with live testimony.

3. A sharp attack on Trump’s Republican defenders

Top Republican lawmakers — even Pence, whose life was threatened by the attackers — have spent the year and a half since the attack downplaying what happened. It’s now a badge of honor in some circles to have been in D.C. protesting the election results or to be labeled an insurrectionist.

Committee Chairman Bennie G. Thompson (D-Miss.) compared those who have justified what happened to those who defended slavery and the Civil War.

“I’m from a part of the country where people justify the actions of slavery, the Ku Klux Klan and lynching,” Thompson said in his opening remarks, his Southern drawl evident. “I’m reminded of that dark history as I hear voices today try to justify the actions of the insurrectionists.”

And Cheney, whose party has isolated her for her strong criticism of Trump and her willingness to serve on this committee, said:Tonight, I say this to my Republican colleagues who are defending the indefensible. There will come a day when Donald Trump is gone, but your dishonor will remain.”

The committee also shared new information: A number of Republican lawmakers, including Rep. Scott Perry (Pa.), asked the White House in the weeks after the attack for pardons for their alleged involvement in trying to overthrow the election. Last month, the committee subpoenaed Perry, House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (Calif.) and several other House Republicans who refused to cooperate with their investigation.

In a statement to The Post’s Marianna Sotomayor, Perry firmly denied seeking such a pardon: “The notion that I ever sought a presidential pardon for myself, or other Members of Congress is an absolute, shameless, and soulless lie.”

4. How Trump influenced the Oath Keepers and Proud Boys

If the attack wasn’t spontaneous, as the committee says it wasn’t, what led to it? The committee alleges that right-wing extremist groups were motivated by Trump himself. The committee spent a large chunk of Thursday’s hearing introducing Americans to two of these groups — the Proud Boys and the Oath Keepers — and making the case for how Trump’s statements and tweets influenced their actions and eventually, their violence.

The committee presented evidence that membership of the Proud Boys “tripled” after Trump praised the group in a presidential debate toward the end of the election campaign. The hearing also featured footage of rioters reading aloud, over a bullhorn, a tweet Trump sent attacking Pence for his lack of “courage.” And when Trump tweeted ahead of Jan. 6, “Be there, will be wild,” the committee said that these extremist groups took it as “a call to arms.”

Filmmaker Nick Quested, who embedded with the Proud Boys that day, testified that some group members went to the Capitol early that morning; others left the “Stop the Steal” rally on the Ellipse to march to the Capitol before Trump’s speech even began. They didn’t seem very interested in hearing Trump speak, which Quested said confused him at the time. But he described the group’s atmosphere as “much darker” than usual.

“What you witnessed was what a coordinated plan effort would look like,” Thompson said, after Quested finished speaking. “It was the culmination of a months-long effort spearheaded by President Trump.

The hearing also featured interviews with several men charged in the riot who said they came because Trump told them to. “We were invited by the president of the United States!” an attacker yells in footage from that day.

A video from the Jan. 6 committee hearing on June 9 featured rioters explaining why they went to the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021. (Video: The Washington Post)

And the committee presented evidence that the groups took credit for the attack. “Make no mistake. We did this,” the leader of the Proud Boys, Enrique Tarrio, said in an encrypted text, according to a Justice Department indictment of Tarrio. He and four of his top lieutenants were recently charged with seditious conspiracy — allegations that they conspired to overthrow the government. The leaders of the Oath Keepers have also been charged with this.

5. The production value of Night 1

Throughout June, the committee has to weave together thousands of hours of testimony, tens of thousands of documents, more than 1,000 people interviewed — and make it all coherent, compelling and as concise as Congress can be. In its first prime-time hearings, the committee did that expertly.

Over a period of two hours Thursday (relatively short for a congressional hearing), the committee aired snippets of about a dozen pretaped interviews, including Trump’s former attorney general; his son-in-law, Jared Kushner (who said he thought the White House counsel’s threats to resign over the election fraud push was “whining”); his daughter Ivanka Trump (testifying that she accepted the Justice Department’s assessment that the election wasn’t stolen); Trump campaign officials; and attackers who are now serving sentences for breaching the Capitol.

In footage shared during the Jan. 6 committee hearing on June 9, Jared Kushner said he took threats from White House counsel to resign as “whining.” (Video: The Washington Post)

They also showed the public new footage of the attack, splicing images of determined rioters, yelling obscenities and waving Trump flags as they marched, with body-camera footage from panicked Capitol Police officers.

And in between all of that were two live witnesses: Quested and Capitol Police Officer Caroline Edwards, who was one of the first attacked and who returned to the line of duty repeatedly.

Edwards’s testimony was particularly chilling. The committee played graphic footage of protesters knocking her unconscious with a police barricade. After she recovered, she went to the front lines again and served alongside Capitol Police Officer Brian D. Sicknick, who suffered two strokes and later died. She described how she and Sicknick were tear-gassed and knocked down repeatedly, calling it “a war scene.”

“I saw friends with blood all over their faces. I was slipping in people’s blood,” said Edwards, later adding, “It was carnage.”

Capitol Police officer Caroline Edwards testified on June 9 that Officer Brian Sicknick fought the pro-Trump mob alongside her before being injured. (Video: The Washington Post, Photo: Demetrius Freeman/The Washington Post)

In the audience were Sicknick’s relatives, as well as other family members of Capitol Police officers. (Five people died in the Jan. 6 attack or in the immediate aftermath, and 140 police officers were assaulted.) It was an emotional night, and the committee intended it to be.

6. The committee says more is to come

They’ve spent 11 months investigating, but they’re not done, Cheney reminded the American public: “[O]ur investigation is still ongoing. So what we make public here will not be the complete set of information we will ultimately disclose.” And she added that Justice Department criminal investigations are also ongoing, specifically mentioning that investigators are de-encrypting messages from those involved in the attack or in election conspiracies.

That could mean completely new evidence may be revealed even with the hearings underway, or that the committee will keep sharing revelations throughout the summer — as the midterm elections near.

After June’s hearings, the committee plans to release its final report in September.

This has been updated with the latest news.

The Jan. 6 insurrection

The report: The Jan. 6 committee released its final report, marking the culmination of an 18-month investigation into the violent insurrection. Read The Post’s analysis about the committee’s new findings and conclusions.

The final hearing: The House committee investigating the attack on the U.S. Capitol held its final public meeting where members referred four criminal charges against former president Donald Trump and others to the Justice Department. Here’s what the criminal referrals mean.

The riot: On Jan. 6, 2021, a pro-Trump mob stormed the U.S. Capitol in an attempt to stop the certification of the 2020 election results. Five people died on that day or in the immediate aftermath, and 140 police officers were assaulted.

Inside the siege: During the rampage, rioters came perilously close to penetrating the inner sanctums of the building while lawmakers were still there, including former vice president Mike Pence. The Washington Post examined text messages, photos and videos to create a video timeline of what happened on Jan. 6. Here’s what we know about what Trump did on Jan. 6.