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Primaries Mike Flood (R) is projected to win special House contest to replace Jeff Fortenberry (R-Neb.)

Rep. Mary E. Miller (R-Ill.) speaks alongside former president Donald Trump at a rally in Mondon, Ill., on June 25. (Michael B. Thomas/Getty Images)

Democratic Govs. Kathy Hochul of New York, J.B. Pritzker of Illinois, and Jared Polis of Colorado secured their party’s nominations to hold on to their seats in November as voters in all three states headed to the polls Tuesday to chose their nominees for governor. Hochul, who is seeking a first full term as governor, will face Republican Lee Zeldin, while Pritzker, who is running for a second term, will face Trump-endorsed Darren Bailey. In Colorado, Joseph O’Dea won the Republican nod to challenge Polis in November.

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Voters in Utah, Oklahoma and South Carolina also turned out at the polls Tuesday to decide on their candidates for U.S. Senate, while voters in two Illinois districts dealt with a number of member vs. member races.

Here’s what to know

  • In New York, Gov. Kathy Hochul clenched the Democratic nomination for a full term after succeeding Andrew M. Cuomo (D), who resigned after a state investigation found that he sexually harassed 11 women. Rep. Lee Zeldin, a Republican, defeated a number of candidates to score the Republican nomination, including Andrew Giuliani, son of former New York mayor and Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani.
  • In Illinois’s redrawn 15th Congressional District, Trump-backed Rep. Mary E. Miller defeated Rep. Rodney Davis. At a rally Saturday, Miller called the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade a “victory for white life” and then sought to clarify, with a spokesman saying she meant to say “right to life.”
  • In Utah, Sen. Mike Lee (R) defeated two primary challengers, though many are looking ahead to November, when independent Evan McMullin, who has the backing of state Democrats, hopes to oust the incumbent.

Understanding the 2022 Midterm Elections

November’s midterm elections are likely to shift the political landscape and impact what President Biden can accomplish during the remainder of his first term. Here’s what to know.

When are the midterm elections? The general election is Nov. 8, but the primary season is nearing completion, with voters selecting candidates in the New York and Florida primaries Tuesday. Here’s a complete calendar of all the primaries in 2022.

Why are the midterms important? The midterm elections determine control of Congress: The party that has the House or Senate majority gets to organize the chamber and decide what legislation Congress considers. Thirty six governors and thousands of state legislators are also on the ballot. Here’s a complete guide to the midterms.

Which seats are up for election? Every seat in the House and a third of the seats in the 100-member Senate are up for election. Dozens of House members have already announced they will be retiring from Congress instead of seeking reelection.

What is redistricting? Redistricting is the process of drawing congressional and state legislative maps to ensure everyone’s vote counts equally. As of April 25, 46 of the 50 states had settled on the boundaries for 395 of 435 U.S. House districts.

Which primaries are the most competitive? Here are the most interesting Democratic primaries and Republican primaries to watch as Republicans and Democrats try to nominate their most electable candidates.