The Supreme Court on Wednesday reversed course and said Yeshiva University in New York must for now comply with a state court’s order that it should recognize a campus gay rights organization.
The university asked the Supreme Court to intervene, and last week Justice Sonia Sotomayor granted it a temporary reprieve. But on Wednesday a majority of the justices said the university has other options before the Supreme Court gets involved.
“It appears that applicants have at least two further avenues for expedited or interim state court relief,” the court’s short order said. If those fail, Yeshiva can return to the Supreme Court. Though unsigned, it was the work of Sotomayor, Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., and Justices Elena Kagan, Brett M. Kavanaugh and Ketanji Brown Jackson.
Four justices dissented, saying Yeshiva’s response to the student group was the result of “an interpretation of Torah … after careful study.”
“The First Amendment guarantees the right to the free exercise of religion, and if that provision means anything, it prohibits a State from enforcing its own preferred interpretation of Holy Scripture,” said the dissent, written by Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. and joined by Justices Clarence Thomas, Neil M. Gorsuch and Amy Coney Barrett. “Yet that is exactly what New York has done in this case, and it is disappointing that a majority of this Court refuses to provide relief.”
Alito said the four are likely to grant the case if the university is unsuccessful in New York state appeals court and “Yeshiva would likely win if its case came before us.”
Conflicts between religious beliefs and laws that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation have vexed the court in the past, and it has not provided a definitive answer. But the court’s conservative majority has been increasingly supportive of conservative religious interests.
In a filing asking the Supreme Court to step in, the university said that “as a deeply religious Jewish university, Yeshiva cannot comply with that order because doing so would violate its sincere religious beliefs about how to form its undergraduate students in Torah values.”
The school is represented by the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, which labeled the lower court ruling an “unprecedented” violation of the school’s First Amendment rights.
The student club called the lower court’s decision a straightforward interpretation of state law, saying the Supreme Court’s intervention was unwarranted — especially before New York’s appellate courts have weighed in.
“This ruling does not touch the University’s well-established right to express to all students its sincerely held beliefs about Torah values and sexual orientation,” the group said in its filing at the high court. At the same time, it says, “it may not deny certain students access to the non-religious resources it offers the entire student community on the basis of sexual orientation.”
The school does not require its officers or professors to be Jewish and it enrolls 5,000 undergraduate and graduate students of all religious backgrounds, the group said. Its affiliated Cardozo Law School has had an official gay students group for years.
Rabbi Ari Berman, president of Yeshiva University, said in a statement that the university would follow the court’s “roadmap for us to find expedited relief.”
“Every faith-based university in the country has the right to work with its students, including its LGBTQ students, to establish the clubs, places and spaces that fit within its faith tradition,” Berman said.