The letter says that the alleged misconduct occurred after Kavanaugh and the woman went into a room along with a friend of Kavanaugh’s, according to the person, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive matter. She escaped from the room, according to the allegation.
The letter, which is brief, is dated in July, according to another person familiar with it.
“I categorically and unequivocally deny this allegation,” Kavanaugh, 53, said in a statement distributed by the White House. “I did not do this back in high school or at any time.”
The sudden disclosure of the allegation against President Trump’s Supreme Court pick has only raised more questions, particularly about how the information had been handled as Kavanaugh’s confirmation progressed steadily through the Senate. His fate now hinges on the decisions of a handful of undecided senators, particularly two Republican women — Susan Collins (Maine) and Lisa Murkowski (Alaska) — who support abortion rights and now have to weigh the allegation in an era in which awareness of sexual harassment and misconduct have come to the forefront.
White House officials spent the day making calls to senators and aides to determine what impact the letter will have on Kavanaugh’s nomination and whether it might blow it up, according to a senior administration official. As of now, White House officials do not conclude it will.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) has not commented on the allegation, and Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa), who chairs the Judiciary Committee and only learned of the letter through news reports, has been briefed on its contents.
But Sen. Orrin G. Hatch (Utah), the most senior Senate Republican who has read the letter, said “every accuser deserves to be heard, but a process of verification is also necessary.” The GOP-controlled Judiciary Committee reiterated Friday that it would hold a panel vote Sept. 20.
Republicans are intent on confirming Kavanaugh in the final week of September, which would put him on track to be installed at the court by the start of its fall session on Oct. 1.
Earlier Friday, Kavanaugh held what could be a pivotal phone call with Collins, who is publicly undecided. The phone call lasted about an hour, according to a spokeswoman, who offered no details about the conversation — including whether Collins asked about the allegation.
The developments snowballed this week after Feinstein released a cryptic and vague statement Thursday saying she had referred “information” about Kavanaugh to federal authorities. She did not detail the material she had, citing confidentiality concerns.
That information came via a letter that was sent to Rep. Anna G. Eshoo (D-Calif.), and subsequently passed on to Feinstein, people familiar with the matter said. Other Democrats on the Senate Judiciary Committee first learned about the contents of the letter at a last-minute meeting Wednesday evening. Other Democrats had privately pressed Feinstein about it as rumors about its existence began to circulate in recent days.
A spokesman for Feinstein said Friday that the senator received the information through a third party.
“The senator took these allegations seriously and believed they should be public,” spokesman Tom Mentzer said. “However, the woman in question made it clear she did not want this information to be public. It is critical in matters of sexual misconduct to protect the identity of the victim when they wish to remain anonymous, and the senator did so in this case.”
The version of the letter that the FBI received has redacted the name of the woman, according to a Republican official with knowledge of the letter.
The FBI does not plan to launch a criminal investigation into the matter and instead sent the material to the White House to be added to Kavanaugh’s background-check file. Within an hour of receiving it, the White House sent that updated material back to the Senate Judiciary Committee, where the information is limited to senators and a tight circle of senior aides.
Meanwhile, Kavanaugh’s allies moved aggressively to defend the nominee and push back against the allegation. A group of women who said they knew Kavanaugh in high school made contact late Thursday afternoon with several of the nominee’s former clerks who are helping in Kavanaugh’s confirmation process.
The women had seen news reports about the allegation against Kavanaugh, and the husband of one of the women had been contacted by a reporter who was looking into the accusation. The women offered their help, and eventually the group decided to draft a letter defending Kavanaugh’s character, according to a person involved in the process.
The list of signatories grew quickly as the women contacted their own friends, who in turn contacted others who knew Kavanaugh in high school, the person said. By Friday morning, the letter had 65 signatories and was sent to Grassley’s staff, which then swiftly blasted it out to reporters.
“Through the more than 35 years we have known him, Brett has stood out for his friendship, character, and integrity,” the women wrote to the Senate Judiciary Committee. “In particular, he has always treated women with decency and respect. That was true when he was in high school, and it has remained true to this day.”
The women said they knew Kavanaugh when he attended high school from 1979 to 1983 at Georgetown Preparatory School, an all-boys academy in Montgomery County, Md.
Kavanaugh’s confirmation — which could cement a conservative majority on the Supreme Court for a generation — depends on five or so senators who have yet to announce how they will vote, even as the political battle over the nomination escalates.
Aside from Collins, Murkowski also remains publicly undecided. Three Democratic senators who helped confirm now-Justice Neil M. Gorsuch last year — Heidi Heitkamp (N.D.), Joe Donnelly (Ind.) and Joe Manchin III (W.Va.) — are up for reelection this fall in Republican states and are under intense pressure to side with a Trump Supreme Court pick again.
Another moderate, Sen. Doug Jones (D-Ala.), also has not announced his position on Kavanaugh. In recent days, Jones contacted the Judiciary Committee to ask to look at various Kavanaugh documents as he continues to deliberate, according to a congressional official. Jones was elected in December in a deeply Republican state and did not vote on Gorsuch’s confirmation. Gorsuch was confirmed in April 2017.
Although Grassley has not commented on the allegation, other Senate Republicans have leveled a furious defense of Kavanaugh, his qualifications and his character.
“I do not intend to allow Judge Kavanaugh’s confirmation to be stalled because of an 11th-hour accusation that Democrats did not see fit to raise for over a month,” said Hatch, a former chairman of the committee. “The senator in the best position to determine the credibility of these accusations made the conscious decision not to take action on them, and the authorities to whom the accusations have been referred have decided not to take action, either.”
Judiciary Committee staffers noted that Kavanaugh has undergone six FBI background investigations in a public-service career that began in 1993. No such sexual misconduct allegation had surfaced in those probes, Republicans said, and Grassley’s staffers said no such claim had been reported to them or to the 10 other GOP senators on the Judiciary Committee.
Meanwhile, Feinstein did not attend the closed session of Kavanaugh’s confirmation hearing last Thursday, a venue in which sensitive information can be discussed. The sexual misconduct allegation did not come up during the closed session, Republicans said.
Mentzer, Feinstein’s spokesman, confirmed that she missed the late-night session and said she had not been feeling well.
Feinstein, who is up for reelection this fall, came under intense criticism for her handling of the matter by opponent Kevin de León, a California state senator who has been running to Feinstein’s left.
“What we have here is a failure of leadership,” de León said Friday. He wondered why Feinstein waited until this week to give the information about Kavanaugh to the FBI, and “why Senator Feinstein politely pantomimed her way through last week’s hearing without a single question about the content of Kavanaugh’s character.”
At that hearing last week, under questioning by Sen. Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), who asks a specific question of all nominees who come before the committee, Kavanaugh testified that he has never committed “any verbal or physical harassment or assault of a sexual nature” since he became an adult.
Anita Hill, the Brandeis University professor who testified in 1991 that now-Justice Clarence Thomas sexually harassed her when she was in her mid-20s — a claim he denied — said Friday that the allegation against Kavanaugh shows the government “needs to find a fair and neutral way for complaints to be investigated.”
“The Senate Judiciary Committee should put in place a process that enables anyone with a complaint of this nature to be heard,” Hill said in a statement. “I have seen firsthand what happens when such a process is weaponized against an accuser, and no one should have to endure that again.”
Josh Dawsey contributed to this report.