House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.) on Feb. 1 said a memo alleging surveillance abuse by the FBI doesn’t represent “an indictment of the FBI, of the Department of Justice.” (Reuters)

House Speaker Paul D. Ryan tried to walk an impossibly narrow tightrope regarding the House Intelligence Committee’s release of a controversial memo criticizing the FBI’s handling of its Russia investigation.

The memo was merely about the oversight of a very few potentially bad actors in the FBI and Justice Department, the Wisconsin Republican assured reporters Thursday, before its release. “It does not impugn the Mueller investigation or the deputy attorney general.”

Less than 24 hours later, the memo was out, and many rank-and-file Republicans disregarded Ryan’s narrow approach. Instead, they directly assailed the reputations of Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein and special counsel Robert S. Mueller III along with the overall direction of the federal investigative agencies.

“My heart sank,” Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-Fla.) said in a statement alleging a sweeping conspiracy against President Trump. “Not only did it lay bare a systemic pattern of abuse within the FBI and the DOJ, it confirmed my worst fear: America’s free and fair elections were being threatened from within.”

Some called for the firing or resignation of the No. 2 leader of the Justice Department, who is overseeing the Russia investigation, and of Mueller. A super PAC with ties to the president launched online advertising calling for Rosenstein’s ouster. One Republican suggested that the deputy attorney general should be prosecuted as a traitor.

President Trump is welcomed by House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.) during the GOP’s policy retreat on Thursday in West Virginia. (Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images)

Some Republicans bolted from the annual policy retreat here and made the 250-mile drive to Washington in time for Friday evening cable news hits to blast the highest levels of the investigative bodies. During an interview on Fox News, Rep. Devin Nunes (R-Calif.), the committee chairman, declined to say whether Rosenstein should be fired and instead accused top FBI and Justice officials of sweeping violations of the law in the investigation of Trump’s campaign.

“That’s the type of stuff that happens in banana republics,” Nunes said.

Many Republicans followed Ryan’s approach — defending the FBI overall and narrowly questioning the actions of a few agents. But those voices were drowned out by more prominent and vocal House Republicans, who accused the agency of a vast conspiracy.

It left the House speaker looking somewhat isolated and powerless in terms of overseeing the investigations into Russian efforts to sway the 2016 presidential election.

Long considered a policy expert on domestic issues, Ryan does not have the same gravitas on issues related to national security or intelligence. At times during the sprawling Mueller probe, it has looked as if the House speaker is leading from behind, trying to discern which way things are headed in terms of the mood of his caucus.

Ryan had hoped to use the three-day retreat at the Greenbrier resort to get GOP lawmakers focused on touting the $1.5 trillion tax cut passed and signed into law in December, believing that anecdotes of worker bonuses and rising wages had already boosted the party’s standing ahead of the November midterm elections.

During his news briefing Thursday, Ryan took a question about Democratic calls for him to replace Nunes as the intelligence chairman and turned it into praise for the tax legislation, suggesting that Democrats were guilty of trying to turn the discussion away from tax cuts and onto Russia.

“I think what they’re trying to do is just sidetrack us with some political game,” he said.

But it was Nunes and other rank-and-file Republicans who drove the effort to release the memo — and who amplified the coverage of the issue.

That ensured that the dominant theme coming out of what was a somewhat successful gathering west of the Shenandoah Valley would be the noise of the Russia investigation and not the policy victories at the end of 2017.

The location of the retreat placed Rep. Mark Meadows (R) about halfway to his district in western North Carolina, but instead of heading home when it concluded Friday morning, he drove north to the Washington bureau of MSNBC to join Rep. Jim Jordan (R-Ohio) in the studio for Chuck Todd’s “Meet the Press Daily.” Neither Republican is on the intelligence panel, but both accused the Justice Department of improperly using a dossier financed by Democrats in 2016 as grounds for getting a secret surveillance order of a Trump campaign adviser with frequent contacts with Russian officials.

To hear Meadows and Jordan, that decision undermined every aspect of the FBI investigation into Trump’s ties to Moscow. “When you look at the facts, everything revolves around a single source. A single source that continued to put it out with multiple people to appear that there were multiple sources,” Meadows told Todd.

The two are leaders of the House Freedom Caucus, a group of staunch conservatives frequently out of line with Ryan’s leadership. But even Rep. Lee Zeldin (R-N.Y.), a moderate from a swing district on Long Island, tweeted that “the process & misconduct at highest levels here must be addressed.”

These comments went much further than Ryan’s a day earlier. The speaker tried to focus on the “legitimate function of oversight” of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court approval of warrants on one individual, the campaign aide Carter Page.

“This memo is not an indictment of the FBI, of the Department of Justice,” Ryan said.

Ryan’s much more narrow approach to the memo stands at odds with how it is viewed by many Republicans. They very much see the memo as a bid to undermine Rosenstein — who signed off on later warrant requests after Trump appointed him last year — and, by extension, to undermine Mueller.

Ryan’s attempt at moderation has simply been steamrollered by a more aggressive wing of his caucus. “Let me just say the vast, vast, vast majority of the men and women of the FBI are doing a great job,” he said Thursday afternoon.

An hour before Ryan addressed the media, Rep. Jeff Duncan (R-S.C.) took an entirely different approach, suggesting the existence of a vast conspiracy because the FBI was trying to thwart the release of the Nunes memo.

“The FBI is right to have ‘grave concerns’ — as it will shake the organization down to its core — showing Americans just how the agency was weaponized by the Obama officials/DNC/HRC to target political adversaries,” Duncan said in a tweet.

It was Duncan who was last seen on the aisle of the House chamber Tuesday as Trump exited the State of the Union address, shaking the president’s hand and urging him to “release the memo.”

Duncan got his wish.

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