The action began Wednesday morning when House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) announced her team of impeachment managers, seven members of the House who will prosecute the case in the Senate.
By lunchtime the House voted to formally transmit the two articles of impeachment to the Senate, a procession that took place almost exactly four weeks after the House first voted to impeach Trump over his pressure on Ukraine to investigate potential presidential rival Joe Biden.
Pelosi’s impeachment managers lined up and brought both their message formally announcing the impeachment and the articles across the Capitol and into the Senate chamber. But they delayed the formal unveiling of the charges, putting off the reading of the articles a day longer than the last impeachment trial, of President Bill Clinton in 1999.
“Either take your seats or go to the cloakrooms,” Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) said on Jan. 7, 1999, banging a gavel to tell senators to make way for House managers.
Thurmond, who retired in 2003 and died soon after leaving office, served as the Senate’s president pro tempore, ordering the managers to follow behind James Ziglar, the Senate’s sergeant-at-arms at the time.
“Hear ye, hear ye, hear ye, all persons are commanded to keep silent, on pain of imprisonment, while the House of Representatives is exhibiting to the Senate of the United States articles of impeachment,” Ziglar announced.
On Thursday, Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) and Michael C. Stenger will play those roles, and once those formalities are taken care of, the lead prosecutor from the House will read the text of the impeachment charges against Trump.
Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) have been feuding over the scope of the trial for weeks, so their staffs fought over social media on Wednesday about some of the more obscure details of impeachment procedures.
Led by Reps. Adam B. Schiff (D-Calif.) and Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.), chairmen of the House Intelligence and House Judiciary committees, the managers stood quietly at the back of the chamber Wednesday evening as McConnell’s staff took the impeachment articles and placed them with parliamentary staff.
As he closed the chamber for business, McConnell passed a unanimous resolution to both prepare the chamber for the trial — such as where to set up tables for House members to sit — and notify Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. to make his way from the Supreme Court for a 2 p.m. ceremony Thursday to swear in the Senate and oversee the trial.
This is where things will wrap up for the week.
“At that point the president pro tempore of the Senate would swear in the chief justice for his unique responsibilities here, and then the chief justice would swear all of us in. And we believe that’s sort of the end of this week, once that occurs,” Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.), chairman of the Senate Rules Committee, told reporters Tuesday.
This gap puts off the more critical vote on the resolution governing the trial until Tuesday, but it’s a delay that both sides favor. Four Senate Democrats are running for their party’s presidential nomination, and the coming weekend will be their last burst of activity over several days in Iowa and possibly New Hampshire, before those states’ critical first caucus and first primary, respectively.
And Republicans will use the long weekend as their break before a trial that will run six days a week, starting each day at 1 p.m., with Sunday as their day off.
The Senate plans to convene on Tuesday afternoon and hold a series of votes on the trial resolution. Democrats will be able to offer some preliminary amendments to the McConnell resolution on Tuesday, but they are vowing to be dignified and not look as if they are trying to stonewall the trial’s start.
“This is not going to look like the House committee hearings. So I don’t think there is going to be any danger that this comes off looking like a political circus,” Sen. Chris Murphy (D-Conn.) said in an interview.
All 53 Republicans have said they will oppose voting on witnesses until after the two legal teams present their cases, modeling their plan on the Clinton trial.
That plan would allow the House managers to present their case in a 24-hour period stretched over three or four days, followed by Trump’s legal team getting the same amount of time to rebut the House impeachment.
Then senators could write questions and send them to the chief justice to read them to the legal teams.
At that point, senators would debate — all deliberations are done privately with no cameras or transcripts — and then hold public votes on whether to call witnesses, which has been a central demand from Democrats who want to hear from at least a quartet of Trump’s inner circle of advisers.
Blunt estimated that the Pelosi-McConnell standoff, delaying the formal launch of the trial by more than a week, has made it “hard to imagine” that the case can be resolved before Trump delivers the State of the Union address the night of Feb. 4.
“You know, if we’d have gotten started properly, we might have,” Blunt said.
On Thursday, Schiff and Nadler will do another march across the Capitol for the formal reading of the articles, a journey that, 21 years ago, Henry Hyde (R-Ill.), the late chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, and 12 other impeachment managers covered in a two-minute walk.
Hyde, who retired in 2007 and died a few months after leaving office, took less than 10 minutes to read the material.
“The managers now request leave to withdraw,” Hyde said.
“Thank you, Mr. Manager Hyde,” Thurmond said. “The Senate will notify the House of Representatives when it is ready to proceed.”