“Obviously, it’d be great if the president decided to sign the bill,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) said Tuesday. “I think we don’t yet know what his view is on this, but I think the conferees ought to reach an agreement and then we’ll hope that the president finds it worth signing.”
Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.), a member of the bipartisan committee of House-Senate negotiators that is working on writing a border security bill, said both sides have moved off their initial positions. In the case of Republicans, that was the $5.7 billion Trump has been demanding for his wall — while Democrats’ starting point in the negotiations was to offer no money for physical barriers on the border.
Blunt said Tuesday that $5.7 billion “is not a magic number, that’s for sure.”
Asked whether that was Trump’s view as well, Blunt said: “Oh, I don’t know about that. I think at the end of the day it would be, if we can write this the right way.”
Trump has dismissed the committee’s negotiations as a “waste of time” and suggested that he might declare a national emergency that would allow him to circumvent Congress and use the military to build his wall. Many Republican senators are opposed to that approach, saying it would set a bad precedent for future Democratic presidents and would end up getting challenged in court.
Also, Republicans fear they would have to end up voting on a resolution to overturn the emergency declaration — and that it could pass, since it requires only a simple majority vote in the Senate. That was a concern McConnell laid out for Trump in a private meeting last week.
McConnell declined to say Tuesday whether he would support the president and vote to uphold an emergency declaration if it came to the Senate floor.
“I’m going to withhold judgment about that until we see what he does,” McConnell said.
McConnell’s top deputy, Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.), was similarly noncommittal, saying he would “have to think about it” when asked how he would vote on a resolution aimed at overturning a presidential emergency declaration on the wall.
The comments came as the bipartisan 17-member committee of House and Senate lawmakers faces a Feb. 15 deadline when a short-term funding bill will run out absent action by Congress and Trump. The president signed the stopgap bill to bring the nation’s longest-ever government shutdown to an end late last month, relenting temporarily without getting any of the border-wall money he shut down the government to obtain.
To meet the Feb. 15 deadline, lawmakers said they need to finalize a deal by the end of this week or early next week.
“Time is running out,” said Sen. Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.).
In hopes of broader bipartisan talks, White House acting chief of staff Mick Mulvaney has invited a number of Democrats and Republicans to Camp David on Friday for a retreat. Democrats recently spurned a similar overture, and Trump has not been shy about unloading on members of the party for what he says is unfair obstruction.
Lawmakers on the committee, which includes seasoned negotiators with years of experience on congressional spending committees, said they were trading offers and working in a positive spirit. Republicans on the committee have organized a closed-door briefing Wednesday with career border security experts. Several insisted they could easily reach agreement without interference from Trump or House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.).
At the same time, the uncertainty over whether Trump would support their final product created awkward questions about whether their whole effort could be pointless. Lawmakers were waiting to hear what Trump said in the State of the Union address later Tuesday, though there was little expectation he would offer specific parameters to guide their negotiations.
“I just think if there’s a good-faith effort to find the common ground, to define what a physical structure, physical barrier, might be or look like, and some flexibility on whatever the number is, there’s a deal there,” Thune said. “And I hope that if there’s a deal struck by the conference that the president would be willing to sign it. But I don’t have any guarantee of that.”
Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.), a member of the conference committee, said it would be helpful for lawmakers to have a better understanding of what Trump — and Pelosi — would sign off on.
“I think at this point, I think it would be good to know what his bottom line is and what her top line is,” Capito said. “We don’t have that specificity, so we’re all working towards trying to narrow the gap.”
Sen. Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) said Tuesday that he had spoken with Trump by phone earlier in the day and that the president was willing to consider cutting a deal with Democrats.
“He’s very much in the market for a deal,” Graham said in an interview with The Washington Post.
Graham said Trump has been exploring his options ahead of the deadline for a spending agreement, including declaring a national emergency to build his promised border wall and sending more U.S. troops to the Mexican border. Trump alluded to such a move in a Tuesday tweet about a possible “human wall” on the border.
But, Graham said, Trump “prefers a deal” at this point and is well aware that many congressional Republicans would oppose him taking unilateral action, even as they support his calls for bolstered border security.
“He asked me, ‘What are the chances [of a deal]?” Graham recalled of the conversation. “We talked about how there may be a bit of softening from the Democrats on border barriers, so it’s worth looking at the money he could get from Democrats on something there.”
Graham added: “Now, he’s skeptical. But he’s willing to listen. I told him: ‘Let’s say you get $2 billion for barriers. That’s less than the $5.7 billion you want, but let’s talk about what could fill out the rest — what you’d get in exchange for doing that.”
Graham said Trump continues to be wary of the congressional negotiations but could give the legislative end product a serious look this month as he navigates divided government and tries to avoid another government shutdown.
“We made a mistake when we didn’t take the border deal the Democrats offered last year, trading the wall for DACA and TPS,” Graham said, referring to floated protections under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program for undocumented migrants brought to the United States as children and people from certain nations who are seeking temporary protected status.
“He’ll go it alone if he has to, but he doesn’t want to just yet,” Graham said.
Damian Paletta, Sean Sullivan and Seung Min Kim contributed to this report