Working from home has become as ordinary as having a job in the first place. No one blinks at a request to go remote part time, because traditional separations between work and home are softening.
But what if you must live and work under the same roof full time? If you need a work surface the size of a ping-pong table, or you need running water, or your boss at the headquarters out of town just plain doesn't want to pay rent for your office anymore? How do you meld your working space with your home?
Jerry Zremski, bureau chief for the Buffalo News and a former National Press Club president, confronted this reality.
"For years, we had a two-reporter, plus intern, bureau in the National Press Building, but in March 2010, I started working at home. My employers felt it made financial sense," he said, sitting behind his spacious white desk.
"It was a big sacrifice. This was a guest bedroom," he said gesturing around the 10-by-12-foot bright and airy room. "Now I give up my bedroom for guests."
Years ago, Zremski renovated his two-bedroom Logan Circle condo. So he brought back Natalya Mumzhiu with NM Design Studio and asked her to rethink the second bedroom.
"I wanted it to look like an office, because if it was just me and my laptop at the kitchen table, it wouldn't feel like work," he said.
"Jerry called and said he was moving his office into the house," Mumzhiu said. "I also work from home and know how important it is to have a pleasant, organized and professional space."
She placed the desk perpendicular to the windows "so he could look outside all the time with just a turn of his head," she said.
"I told her I needed a lot of room for files, and she said, 'I'll invent something,' " Zremski said.
She made a desk from an Ikea kitchen countertop and set it over three file cabinets. She built wood shelves onto the walls and covered cabinets with frosted glass doors. "Glass creates a peaceful atmosphere and tricks the eye, making the space look bigger than it really is," she said.
"This is an office 100 percent. If you looked just at this room, you'd see an office and never guess it was in a condo," he said.
Artist Larry Kirkland designs monumental site-specific installations for institutions around the world. His 40-foot-high bronze doors, etched in Latin verse from the first page of Genesis in the Gutenberg Bible, form the entrance to the new Museum of the Bible on Fourth Street SW.
He conceives these works in a light-filled double garage-sized studio — designed by architect Michael Lee Beidler — that joins his Northwest Washington house with translucent glass pocket doors. "So I keep the light between the two spaces," Kirkland said.
The rectangular studio is bookended by walls of paned windows and doors that face a porch on one side and a yard on the other.
"The space is magnificent for my private working world and our home life," he said. Kirkland lives with his partner, Brendan Doyle. "We transform it for dinner parties and holiday meals. We had Brendan's retirement party here. That was the bar," he said, pointing to the drafting table piled with drawings and books.
A huge eggshell-colored metal layout table on wheels dominates the space and is Kirkland's primary working area. They roll it onto the porch for their 30-person Thanksgiving dinner. Now it's covered with pieces of the bronze doors, slabs of engraved granite and a model for an addition to the D.C. Superior Court.
The giant 9-foot-high, 18-foot-long wall behind the layout table "is my pin-up wall. In the future, when we sell the house — I know we won't live here forever — a family can open up the space with a fireplace or windows," Kirkland said.
Roommates, partners, even spouses can sometimes be problematic. "I think if one works at home, you have to separate your places and be disciplined. Now that Brendan is home more often, he'll barge in and say, 'Let's have lunch.' But I don't want lunch. My idea of lunch is to stand at the kitchen sink, eat half a sandwich and not dirty any utensils so I don't have to worry about cleaning up."
Edmond van der Bijl, an entrepreneur, innovator and artist who paints, sculpts and creates video, also contends with family at home
Occasionally, he rents a studio, but mostly he works from the Northwest house he shares with his wife, Arianna, and two small children.
"I try to set up a little corner in a room that's dedicated to me, where I can lock the door. But it's not a private office or a cocoon. People walk through," he said.
"As we speak, I can hear my son crying, and it's killing me. Parenthood makes your life less comfortable, but artistry isn't about being comfortable. It's about stretching your creativity and powers of observation and getting comfortable with things not being perfect."
A current project, "Once Around the Block," is a video interview series he conducts with friends, acquaintances and random meet-ups on street corners around the globe (onceatb.com). "I create practically the entire piece on my phone — shoot the video, produce the segment, photo-edit — then finish it at home on my computer," van der Bijl said.
Ann Lauer works in the basement of her Baltimore house. "I require a lot of tools — chisels, razor knives, awls — plus water, rolls of cane, rush, cord, rattan and wicker. It's messy, so it's perfect to work down there," she said. Lauer has been weaving, caning and repairing antique chairs for 40 years.
"I set up a large shop across the basement. At the back end is a sink. In the middle is a large table and lots of chairs. I have a TV because some of my work is time-consuming and tedious," she said. "I watch movies to keep me company."
Some people don't even try to separate work from home. Lauer is one. "My work is always around. Customers call me all the time, evenings, weekends, holidays and occasionally at 7:30 in the morning," she said. "I'm super-disciplined. I get up and start working. But I like my work, so it doesn't bother me. And I have an active social life."
Zremski tries to demarcate the end of a working day with a distinct break. He goes to the gym or meets friends. "It's difficult to really make the separation between work and home, especially when the commute between my bedroom and desk is 10 seconds. The unavoidable result is that the personal blends with the work," he said.
"I try not to come into my office when I'm not working, but if I need the recipe for Thai basil chicken I can't help it," he said, because his recipe folder is on the computer. Then, of course, he checks email.
The evolving state of workplaces has led to a remote-friendly culture, a lot of give-and-take and self-imposed rules.
Van der Bijl said: "The entrepreneurial nature of working out of the house forces you to make the most of situations that aren't always ideal, but hustling to be creative elicits the best of people."