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Attorney Roberta Kaplan is about to make Donald Trump's life extremely difficult

By Karen Heller
Attorney Roberta Kaplan is about to make Donald Trump's life extremely difficult
Lawyer Roberta Kaplan at her New York vacation home. She has three cases pending against President Donald Trump. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Jackie Molloy

The 'whitewashing' of Tulsa's Black Wall Street

By Tracy Jan
The 'whitewashing' of Tulsa's Black Wall Street
Redevelopment has come to Tulsa's historically Black Greenwood district, but some Black business owners feel they are being shut out. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Joshua Lott

Washington D.C.: A city under siege

By Paul Schwartzman, et al.
Washington D.C.: A city under siege
The Supreme Court is surrounded by security fencing on Jan. 12, a stark change since the Capitol breach. MUST CREDIT: Washington Post photo by Michael Robinson Chavez.

Pulitzer-winning opinion from the most respected voices in the world.

Biden will offer 'unity' and healing. But first we need the truth.

By dana milbank
Biden will offer 'unity' and healing. But first we need the truth.

DANA MILBANK COLUMN

Advance for release Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021, and thereafter

(For Milbank clients and FOR PRINT USE ONLY)

By Dana Milbank

WASHINGTON -- Outside a Capitol ringed by 25,000 troops to guard against more violence by Trump supporters, President Biden will deliver an inaugural address at noon Wednesday billed as a "message of unity" and of healing.

It is a noble sentiment. It is exactly what so many Americans want to hear. But it's not what the country needs to hear -- and it won't work.

There can be no unity without truth. There can be no healing without accountability.

The outgoing president incited a failed coup d'etat. For hours, he declined to call off his supporters as they rampaged through the Capitol, leaving five dead and forcing lawmakers to hide in fear of assassination.

The defeated president did this in service of a Big Lie, the biggest of the 30,534 he told as president, that his reelection victory had been stolen. And a clear majority of Republicans in Congress -- 147 of them -- voted to overturn the results of a free and fair election, in service of that same lie.

In America, you don't get to launch a bloody insurrection to overturn an election without consequences. You don't get to convince tens of millions of your followers, without evidence and contrary to all official and judicial rulings, that the election was rigged.

The country will continue its descent into violence, and the Republican Party will continue its devolution into fascism, unless elected GOP officials can bring themselves to speak these five words, or their equivalent: Biden won, fair and square.

After tearing apart the fabric of civil society for four years, Republicans in Congress, during Trump's second impeachment for inciting the Capitol rampage, trotted out Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural: "With malice toward none, with charity for all . . . let us strive on to finish the work we are in to bind up the nation's wounds."

But there was a crucial difference then. The South knew it had lost the war. Surrender at Appomattox Court House would come in just a few weeks.

Now we have the opposition party refusing to recognize the legitimacy of the duly elected president, fomenting an ongoing insurrection by white supremacists and neo-Confederates. Biden will stand Wednesday where Trump's supporters swarmed two weeks ago en route to sacking the Capitol. Because of them, the national capital on Inauguration Day resembles a militarized fortress.

In September, I wrote that Trump's refusal to accept the peaceful transfer of power put us on the cusp of 1933 Germany. "It's important not to talk about this as just an election," Yale historian Timothy Snyder, an expert on totalitarianism, told me then. "It's an election surrounded by the authoritarian language of a coup d'etat. The opposition has to win the election and it has to win the aftermath of the election."

Now that Snyder's grim forecast has come true, I called him again this week for an update on our place in history. This time he warned sharply against the "dumb talk about healing and unity" now on the lips of political figures.

"Moving on without speaking the truth about what happened is dangerous," Snyder said. "It enables the people who did it the first time to do it again, but worse, and it means the history of your country gets rewritten."

After World War II, everybody knew the fascists had lost. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, by contrast, the losers muddled the story enough that the defeated remnants were able to reconstitute.

"The Trump people have to know they lost," Snyder argues, and "there has to be a consequence to losing a coup." Otherwise, they will stage another coup attempt, and demand that their side rig the next election.

This is why there are "truth-and-reconciliation" commissions following conflicts; reconciling requires accepting the facts. This is why Trump's impeachment trial in the Senate is crucial, as are prosecutions of those who planned, enabled, financed and executed the attack on the Capitol.

Republicans who truly desire the "healing" that Biden offers would follow the lead of Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell, who at long last has abandoned his enabling of Trump.

"The mob was fed lies," McConnell told the Senate on Tuesday. "They were provoked by the president and other powerful people, and they tried to use fear and violence to stop" the election certification. "But we pressed on. . . . We certified the people's choice for their 46th president. Tomorrow, President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect Harris will be sworn in."

The 147 Republican lawmakers who voted to overturn the election now face a stark and binary choice: They can cling to their false equivalencies and strained rationalizations as they lead their followers further down the path of disinformation, violence and insurrection. Or they can acknowledge, as McConnell finally did, that Biden was the people's choice.

Only with that shared truth as our foundation can we build unity.

- - -

Follow Dana Milbank on Twitter, @Milbank.

Tax season kicks off Feb. 12. Here's what to expect.

By michelle singletary
Tax season kicks off Feb. 12. Here's what to expect.

MICHELLE SINGLETARY COLUMN

Advance for release Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021, and thereafter

(For Singletary clients and FOR PRINT USE ONLY)

By MICHELLE SINGLETARY

(c) 2020, The Washington Post

WASHINGTON -- Tax season can be frustrating and tedious even in the best of times.

This year, you can bet on it being even worse.

Because of the pandemic, many people will be forced to meet virtually with their tax experts to calculate the numbers. Meanwhile, IRS backlogs mean millions of filers could start work on their 2020 federal return before the agency has processed their return from 2019. And those who qualified for stimulus relief because of the collapse of the economy will have to wonder how that affects their taxes, as well.

As you prepare your tax paperwork, here are some things to expect.

Tax deadline: The IRS says it expects more than 150 million tax returns to be filed this year. Although the start of the tax season was delayed until Feb. 12, so far there is no indication that the April 15 deadline will be extended as it was last year.

Stimulus payments: Many people who received economic-impact payments fear that this will mean more taxes. So, first of all: No, any stimulus money you received will not be subject to income taxes.

Any number of glitches may have resulted in your not getting a stimulus payment or the full amount you were due. Or, perhaps you didn't register with the IRS.gov non-filers tool last year. You may still be eligible for relief (if you meet the eligibility requirement). You'll be able to claim the funds through the "Recovery Rebate Credit" when you file your 2020 return. Tax preparation companies, volunteers and tax software should walk you through questions to determine your eligibility.

The stimulus money was paid out in two separate rounds. The payment for the second stimulus relief was automatic, so there's nothing you can do to make sure you get it before you file your return. If you moved or changed your bank account information, you'll just have to claim the stimulus credit of up to $600 when you file your return. This is also the case for the first payment.

Because payments are being issued based on information the IRS already has on file, you will not be able to add new routing or account information. If your payment can't be delivered for any reason and is returned to the IRS, you'll need to claim the Recovery Rebate Credit when you file your return, the IRS says.

If you didn't receive a stimulus payment but are entitled to one (or if you were shortchanged), you'll have to claim the Recovery Rebate Credit when you file your return. The fastest way to get your money is to file electronically and elect to have your refund delivered by direct deposit.

If you received the full amount for both the first and second round of stimulus payments, you don't have to do anything - including putting any information about the payments on your 2020 tax return.

Stimulus eligibility for recent college students/dependent adults: There has been a lot of misunderstanding around this, including by some tax professionals I consulted. Here's what the IRS has told me:

One of the rules for getting a payment is that you can't be claimed as a dependent. But it's not just a matter of if you were claimed but "can" you be claimed by your parents, for example. The question turns on whether the person is self-supporting. It's possible this may be the case for a recent college graduate. But if you are providing more than half of the support for someone 17 and older, that person cannot get a payment under either of the stimulus relief laws from last year. There are provisions for payments of $500 in the first round and $600 in the second round for eligible children under 17, up to a total of $1,100 for a dependent child.

Free File: The IRS has a partnership with the Free File Alliance, a group of tax software providers who have agreed to make their federal tax-return products available at no cost to taxpayers whose adjusted gross income was $72,000 or less in 2020. In some cases, you may also be able to have your state return filed free, as well. To ensure you are directed to this free service (and not to paid products by the same companies), go to irs.gov/freefile.

Although the start of the tax season is delayed, taxpayers can begin filing returns now through IRS Free File partners, who are accepting tax filings in advance. The returns will be held and then transmitted to the IRS starting Feb. 12.

If you earn too much to qualify for the Free File program, you can still file your returns at no cost via Free File Fillable Forms, which is an electronic version of IRS paper forms. This service will only be available starting Feb. 12.

Identity theft: Some taxpayers have found themselves fighting for their own refunds after identity thieves have filed fraudulent tax returns using stolen personal information. Taxpayers whose identities were used to file fraudulent returns generally are eligible for a special Identity Protection PIN (IP PIN), which is a six-digit code known only to them and the IRS. Starting this year, the IRS said anyone who wants to lock their tax account can request an IP PIN, provided that they can pass a "rigorous identity verification process," the agency said. If interested, go to IRS.gov/IPPIN and use the Get an IP PIN tool.

"Electronic returns that do not contain the correct IP PIN will be rejected, and paper returns will go through additional scrutiny for fraud," said IRS Commissioner Chuck Rettig in a statement about the expansion.

There's a lot going on this tax season. I'd suggest you bookmark irs.gov and visit the site often for updates on what is likely to be a tax season with a lot of issues.

- - -

Readers can write to Michelle Singletary c/o The Washington Post, 1301 K St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20071. Her email address is michelle.singletary@washpost.com. Follow her on Twitter (@SingletaryM) or Facebook (www.facebook.com/MichelleSingletary). Comments and questions are welcome, but due to the volume of mail, personal responses may not be possible. Please also note comments or questions may be used in a future column, with the writer's name, unless a specific request to do otherwise is indicated.

Joe Biden is my president

By marc a. thiessen
Joe Biden is my president

MARC A. THIESSEN COLUMN

Advance for release Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021, and thereafter

(For Thiessen clients and FOR PRINT USE ONLY)

By Marc A. Thiessen

WASHINGTON -- After the 2016 election, violent protests erupted across the country and the cry went up on the left: Donald Trump is "not my president." So, I want to say this is clearly as I possibly can: Joe Biden is my president.

I didn't vote for Biden. I opposed his candidacy and expect that I will oppose a great deal of what he does in office. But starting at noon on Jan. 20, he is president of the United States -- and that makes him my president. He deserves a chance to succeed, and we should all hope that he does.

Democrats never gave Trump that chance. They declared themselves the "resistance" and launched a campaign of obstruction against virtually everything Trump tried to do. They challenged his legitimacy from day one and spent the first two years of his presidency pushing the now-disproved narrative that he had colluded with Russia to steal the election. When that failed, they tried to impeach him anyway. Trump was often his own worst enemy, but no president in my lifetime has faced such a relentless campaign aimed at his destruction.

So, when Biden issued his call for unity during his victory speech, declaring that it was "time to put away the harsh rhetoric" and "stop treating our opponents as our enemy," many on the right said: Oh, now you want unity? After four years of trying to annihilate Trump, now you want us to "lower the temperature" and "give each other a chance"? Thanks, but no thanks.

Here's the problem with that attitude: It was wrong when Democrats did it to Trump, and it would be wrong for conservatives to do the same to Biden today. Moreover, by his behavior since he lost the election, Trump has ceded any moral high ground he may have once possessed. The assault on the Capitol he incited was a disgrace. Not only did the pro-Trump mob violate the inner sanctum of our democracy, but it also marked a turning point when some on the right became what we all once condemned. That is unacceptable. It needs to stop now.

Watching the presidential transition (if one even dares to call it that) has been horrific. Trump's refusal to accept the election results, welcome his successor to the White House, attend his inauguration or preside over a peaceful transfer of power has been among the worst abdications of presidential responsibility I have witnessed in my lifetime.

I vividly recall how, just days after Barack Obama's election in 2008, President George W. Bush held a Cabinet meeting where he gave us all clear marching orders: "Our job is to make sure the next president and his team can do the job and succeed. No one at this table should want them to fail," he said. That directive applied to all who worked for him, from his secretary of defense all the way down to his chief speechwriter. So, I called Obama's speechwriter, Jon Favreau, and invited him to the White House. We had lunch in the Navy Mess. I introduced him to our team, walked him through our speechwriting process and later invited his entire staff for a West Wing tour, where they took their first look at the Oval Office. On my last day in the West Wing, I left him a note with a box of White House cigars for his team to smoke on the "speechwriters' balcony" in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building.

I did all this not because I supported Obama -- I would have many hard things to say about him in the years ahead -- but out of respect for the office he held. I remembered the feeling I had when I first arrived at the White House and opened my desk drawer to find the words "Get Out!" carved deep into the wood -- a message of contempt left by the departing Clinton team. We conservatives are supposed to be better than that. Unfortunately, many on our side have been far worse in recent days.

Biden has asked for us to "give each other a chance." So, here is my pledge as he takes his oath of office: I'm going to treat President Biden in this column the same way I treated President Trump. I'm going to call balls and strikes. I will support him when he does the right thing, oppose him when he does the wrong thing. I expect that I will criticize Biden a lot more than I did Trump, because I will disagree with Biden more than I disagreed with Trump. But I will treat him fairly precisely because I was disgusted by how the left treated Donald Trump. And because Joe Biden is not my enemy -- he is my president.

- - -

Follow Marc A. Thiessen on Twitter, @marcthiessen.

Trump leaves America with carnage

By kathleen parker
Trump leaves America with carnage

KATHLEEN PARKER COLUMN

Advance for release Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021, and thereafter

(For Parker clients and FOR PRINT USE ONLY)

By Kathleen Parker

WASHINGTON -- Four years ago, Donald Trump's demonstrably false crowd count -- and the weirdest speech in Inauguration Day history -- foreshadowed the acres of lies that followed and, perhaps inevitably, the strangest swearing-in of a new president Wednesday.

On Joe Biden's Inauguration Day, Trump at least can boast that almost nobody showed up for his successor, thanks to Trump's incitement of the Jan. 6 insurgency. The National Mall, rather than a vast open space where tens of thousands traditionally convene to watch the ceremony on supersized screens, has become a military encampment of some 20,000 National Guard troops, plus several thousand city police, secret service agents and snipers, deployed in the aftermath of the American carnage Trump weirdly promised to eradicate in 2017.

Four years ago, there was no such carnage, though Trump's speech that day would have made one think we were on the brink of civil war. All in good time. The rioters who descended upon the Capitol on Jan. 6, marauding like drunken Halloween revelers, sullying the sacred spaces of the American people, left five people dead and the world wondering what to make of a madman's maniacal, monarchical fantasy.

As Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., and former attorney general William Barr both recently affirmed, the mob was provoked by Trump. The riots weren't necessarily "inevitable," said Barr, but he had long been concerned about violence, given mounting distrust of the media and the integrity of elections on the right. When Trump began his tenure by strategically declaring the news media "the enemy of the people," even encouraging violence against them, he basically put a target on the backs of reporters and inoculated himself against "fake news," otherwise known as facts, including his fair and square loss to Biden.

To which one can only add: Poor Joe.

The oldest president-elect in American history must be wondering how he happened to luck into the office just now. The third try in his case may be a curse rather than the proverbial charm. If he's a little nervous about placing his right hand on the Bible surrounded by an army, most of us would forgive him. A swearing-in is a momentous occasion under the best circumstances; at this particular moment, it is slightly terrifying and worthy of prayer. We'll all breathe better when it's safely over.

Biden's mission to unite the country, meanwhile, seems as daunting as what faced the captain of the Titanic. Two days before Inauguration Day -- on the Monday celebrating the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday -- Trump dumped his "1776 Report" on the doorstep of Biden's presidential term. It was an egregious parting shot, to put it politely. Written partly in response to The New York Times's "1619 Project," which wrote history from the perspective of the enslaved, the 45-page report is a fable told by conservative non-historians that indicts identity politics and progressivism and is one last way to rally Trump's base and troll his opponents.

In other words, Trump tossed his bloody glove on the path of Biden's first 100 days. The report's authors may make points that resonate with the conservative-minded, but they won't help Biden's primary mission to unify the country. For starters, he should quickly leave Trump to history and resist the urge to remind people of the mess he inherited. We're well aware -- and the buck now stops at Biden's desk. To the extent physically and safely possible, he should revisit the country and talk directly to the people -- not through Twitter but in the flesh. We've also had enough of a social media president.

Throughout his campaign, Biden promised to work for all Americans, including the nearly 75 million who voted for Trump. Getting the coronavirus and vaccine program under control, as Biden hopes to do with his $1.9 trillion proposal, would go a long way toward fulfilling that pledge. Not so much his plan to create a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, but the devil is in the details.

Whatever policies evolve, Biden's most significant contribution to the country would be a shift in tone from confrontational to conciliatory. His softer touch, his compassion born of suffering, his hard-earned experience as a father and the wisdom of an elder statesman familiar with both humility and the machinery of government make him well suited for a moment when most would welcome a kinder, gentler nation.

In that spirit, Biden deserves a fair chance to make good on his intentions -- and Trump a hollow, cheerless send-off equal to his legacy.

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Kathleen Parker's email address is kathleenparker@washpost.com.

Donald Trump's White House note to his successor

By alexandra petri
Donald Trump's White House note to his successor

ALEXANDRA PETRI COLUMN

Advance for release Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021, and thereafter

(For Petri clients and FOR PRINT USE ONLY)

By Alexandra Petri

WASHINGTON -- It is customary for the outgoing president to leave a note for his successor, apologizing for the mess he has left behind and failing to include any helpful tips for how to pick it up. When he was the incoming president in 2017, Donald Trump received a nice one from President Barack Obama (sample passage: "Please note that this country is supposed to be a functioning representative democracy, and if when the next person gets here it is not still a functioning representative democracy, people will notice and they're going to be upset!"). But, in keeping with his usual breaking of traditions, this outgoing president will not be leaving a note.

Instead, during his last day in office, according to a press release, "President Trump will work from early in the morning to late in the evening. He will take many phone calls and have many meetings." But that is all right. I have taken the liberty of writing his note for him:

(BEG ITAL)Dear Joe,

I have been told by many people and made to state, on camera, that I acknowledge you are the president now! Congratulations, I guess.

I have some advice for you if you'd like to be as good at being president as I've been.

First, as president, you can really lean on people to stay at any golf courses or hotels you own, and you should definitely do that. It's a good source of income!

As president, every day you can access the best information in the world about what is going on, but you don't have to. You can also just watch Fox in the residence!

They give you some pieces of paper every day that are very annoying, full of information and written in a small type, but if you don't look at them and look bored, they eventually will stop giving them to you. Or, at a minimum, they will make sure the ones that they give you have pictures.

One thing I did not know about the presidency is that you can do anything, because you have an Article II! And people will really let you do whatever you like, short of literally encouraging people to storm the Capitol to overturn the election results. I wish I'd known that sooner. But hindsight is 20/20.

I guess you also "can't" actually fire people just because they are James Comey, even if those people are James Comey. I put "can't" in quotes because, actually, you can. Just, people get very mad.

If you don't have any ideas for what to do, I would recommend just randomly undoing everything your predecessor has done, regardless of whether it was good. That's what I did, and I think it worked out. Also, every week, say you're going to do something about infrastructure, then don't! This keeps people on their toes.

Having a good team is important! When choosing your crew, imagine the phone ringing in the White House at 3 a.m. with an emergency, then think of the people who would be least likely to find where the phone was or know how to answer it. And if you have already alienated them, hire Rudy Giuliani.

Every so often you should stop speaking extemporaneously and tweeting and read something from a teleprompter, which will cause cable news anchors to describe you, without fail, as "debuting a new presidential tone." This is fun every time.

If you play your cards right, you can get in good with really important world leaders like Kim Jong Un. Don't worry about losers like Merkel; NATO is very cliquey.

People were always saying that American leadership in the world was so important, but actually it turns out that strongmen will sort of fill the vacuum for you, so you don't have to worry about it. Likewise, all these things that presidents were or were not supposed to say -- you can actually say all kinds of things, even on the phone to world leaders. Worst-case scenario, they will impeach you, but it's not a big deal. It happens.

Anyway, a lot of people act like being president is some difficult, challenging job, but actually you can just sit around all day watching yourself on cable and the country will sort of take care of itself, except for the 400,000 people who will preventably die.

Be best,

Donald

P.S. This is still definitely a functioning democracy and any weird holes or dents you notice were there when I got here and not put here by me.

P.P.S. There is nothing in the vaccine stockpile. Good luck!(END ITAL)

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Follow Alexandra Petri on Twitter, @petridishes.

Biden must root out the domestic insurgency

By david ignatius
Biden must root out the domestic insurgency

DAVID IGNATIUS COLUMN

Advance for release Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2021, and thereafter

(For Ignatius clients and FOR PRINT USE ONLY)

By David Ignatius

WASHINGTON -- As Ulysses S. Grant prepared to take the presidential oath of office in March 1869, his predecessor, the impeached President Andrew Johnson, sneered that Grant was "a dissembler, a deliberate deceiver" and refused to "debase" himself by attending his inauguration, writes Grant biographer Ron Chernow.

Despite this bitter inauguration sendoff, a generous Grant promised that he would govern "calmly, without prejudice, hate or sectional pride." But through his presidency he faced a growing insurrection from southerners defeated in the Civil War but determined to win the peace for their "lost cause." And they largely succeeded, creating a racist Jim Crow South that survived for more than 80 years.

President-elect Joe Biden will take office Wednesday with a promise to repair this broken country and begin to heal its divisions after an ideological civil war waged by his twice-impeached predecessor, Donald Trump, who will be rudely absent. But Biden will make his inaugural address from inside an armed camp, ringed by what a senior security official says will be 26,000 National Guard and about 15,000 police, FBI and federal law enforcement officers.

The FBI believes this overwhelming force will probably deter another mob like the one that stormed the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6. Among the insurgents, "Leaders are telling followers: Don't do D.C. We'll live for another day," says one official who's involved in security planning and familiar with intelligence reports. But this problem is just beginning.

Biden's fundamental challenge -- even as he issues executive orders on immigration, climate change, the pandemic and a host of other domestic problems -- is to root out the insurgency. A priority is to assess how deep it has spread within the military and law enforcement. Senior military officials tell me they have already identified 30 individuals among active-duty personnel, National Guard forces and veterans who might have been active in the Jan. 6 storming of the Capitol.

Gen. Mark A. Milley, the chairman of joint chiefs of staff, has started talking with the service chiefs about new programs to vet recruits, check their social-history records, educate them better about their mission, and identify and eject any who have seditious ideas. The military has had past experience with gang members -- Neo-Nazis, Crips and Bloods, MS-13 -- and learned to expel them, fast.

A retired four-star who was a battalion commander a decade ago recalls an incident with a neo-Nazi in the 10th Mountain Division. Commanders initially thought they would move him to another unit, but they decided it was essential to discharge him, immediately. "We had to be very swift and strong in stomping it out," he recalls.

Militaries prize loyalty and discipline, but they are a reflection of the larger society they serve. When politics is fragmented, insurgent ideas can sometimes spread in the ranks like cancer. I've watched that happen with armies in Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Pakistan, and a half-dozen African and Latin American countries.

Extremist groups are like cults. They often recruit members who are experiencing personal crises and become radicalized through what one commander describes as an emotional "gateway." The military has gotten better at predicting military personnel who may be prone to suicide; they need similar tools for identifying potentially seditious behavior, without threatening First Amendment rights.

To get a sense of how widespread insurrectionist feeling may be, I asked a long-time CIA paramilitary officer, who has strong pro-Trump ties and close links with former Special Operations Forces comrades who share his views. His assessment: The Capitol rioters were mostly "knuckleheads living in a fantasy world with their Facebook pages." The military and FBI should be able to "weed out the kooks."

That sounds reassuring. But this militant Trump supporter offered an ominous warning against overdoing the crackdown. "People will visit violence on those who visit it on them," he said.

Top Biden officials have received stern advice from military commanders: Take a page from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy's war against the Ku Klux Klan in the South and the Mafia in big cities. These threats need to be "ripped out" with a dragnet that's well targeted but uses every tool in the legal arsenal.

But even as the Biden administration attacks the most seditious members of the insurrection, it should consider a tactic that's quite radical in the current political climate -- listening to the other side. The Greek historian Thucydides observed that wars are caused by fear and self-interest, but also by the intangible feeling we describe as "pride." An attempt to ignore this sentiment among nearly half the population will end unhappily.

Biden begins a new day for the United States on Wednesday. His challenge will be to combine toughness with generosity -- and yes, as the Bible says, to love those who might consider themselves his enemies by hearing out their grievances.

- - -

Contact David Ignatius on Twitter @IgnatiusPost

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