WASHINGTON - Seventy-one miles into a 162-mile trip, the women riding the bus began to stir as the blackness of the morning lifted. They had gathered at 3:30 a.m. in a parking lot in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and now, as signs for Washington started appearing, one woman applied makeup with a mirror, another bounced a baby on her lap, and two more talked about what could happen when they got where they were going.
As the bus entered the city on Baltimore Washington Parkway, Joanne Barr looked out the window. "So many buses," she said quietly to herself. "It's a lot of people."
Forty-two people were riding with her, adding to the tens of thousands of people pouring into the city on 1,800 buses to join the Women's March on Washington and protest the inauguration of President Donald Trump. They have come, for the most part, from Hillary Clinton's America: large metropolitan communities such as Chicago and Atlanta, or smaller college towns such as Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Madison, Wisconsin. But there were some women, though far fewer in number, who departed the America that fueled the rise of Trump, and this is the America of Williamsport.
A mountainous town of 30,000 residents in central Pennsylvania, its economy and culture have long been tethered to the vagaries of hard industry - first lumber, then manufacturing, then natural gas - and it anchors a county that is 92 percent white and went 71 percent for Trump.
This is the only town, the only America, that Barr, 54, riding the bus with her daughter, Ashley, 30, has ever known. A petite woman who feels most comfortable when no one is looking at her, she has never done anything like this before. She has been to Washington only one time, and big cities intimidate her. Back home in Williamsport, she manages a hardware store, which exclusively employs white men and almost exclusively services them. Most days, she adores the job. But more and more, especially after the campaign and election, she has begun to feel claustrophobic, not only there but in Williamsport.
Is she happy? Is she living the life she was supposed to? Is it too late at this point in her life - a middle-aged, divorced mother of three - to be someone different?
Why has she come?
She sat quietly toward the front of the bus, unsure, but hopeful, that this march, this trip to Washington, might provide an answer.
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Two days before that moment, Barr was in a house with a bare refrigerator.
"No food in this house," she said of her home, miles outside Williamsport, up serpentine roads leading into the hills, where she moved a decade ago to escape the bustle and people of town. She went to the fridge and checked a grocery list hanging beside a schedule of local Alcoholics Anonymous meetings that her son had recently begun attending.
Grocery list in hand, she headed for the car, past a bookcase with 20 books she has read on addiction and recovery: "Addict in the Family," "Why Don't They Just Quit," "Heroin is Killing our Children."
There was a time when Barr thought addiction was something that happened to other families, to people not as successful, religious and conservative. But that was before her husband went from painkillers to cocaine to crack, before her son nearly died of a heroin overdose, before she realized how quickly success can yield to debt, religion to doubt, conservatism to whatever she had now become.
Getting behind the wheel, she flipped the ignition, and the radio came on. It was CNN Radio, and a voice was saying, "This is truly the beginning, as of right now, you're witnessing it right now, the beginning of President-elect Trump's time in Washington, D.C." At one time, she would have quickly turned the dial, worried she wasn't smart enough to learn about politics. But now, "I listen to it constantly. I used to listen to music and stupid things. Now I listen to this."
She often thinks about all the things she once did - and did not do - wondering how she could have been so insecure for so long. In Williamsport, she grew up wanting only to marry a man who would take care of everything, and that's exactly what she got. Bill was everything she was not: confident, effervescent, assertive. He owned two hardware stores and properties across the city, and they raised three children in a big, showy house in a nice part of town. He said he always knew best, and she always believed him, even when he told her not to worry about his empty prescription pill bottles and frequent nose bleeds and increasingly erratic behavior. For years she found a way to excuse everything he did, until one night in September 2006, when "he punched her in her face with a closed fist," according to the criminal complaint, and told her "he would 'kill her' if she called the police."
She pulled the car out to the end of the driveway, stopped at the mailbox and reached inside to grab a package.
"I got it! Been waiting for this," she said, unfurling a sweatshirt emblazoned with the symbol of the Women's March on Washington. "It will keep me warm."
She steered onto a road heading toward Williamsport, passing homes with tractors and cows and Confederate flags, counting the Trump yard signs as she went. "This guy still has his Trump sign up," she said. "There are more Trump signs down here. Everywhere you go, there are Trump signs."
If this had been a few years ago, Barr knew she would have owned one of those signs. Everyone in her family had always voted Republican, as had Bill, before he died of a heart attack in 2009 at age 52. Barr did, too. But the campaign stirred so many questions, not only about her community but also about herself. How, when her son had struggled with mental illness, could people support someone who mocked a disabled man? How, when she had often felt small in her life, could people cheer someone who demeaned women? Was it Williamsport that had changed? Or was it her?
So a few months ago, she took an I'm With Her mug into the hardware store and put up a sign saying "No Sexism" after hearing customers say degrading things about Hillary Clinton. She argued with her boyfriend, who called Barr a "radical feminist." She switched her registration from Republican to Democrat and got a tattoo, her first, saying, "Rewrite an ending or two for the girl that I knew."
The night of the election, she stayed up late, texting with Ashley, who had also turned against Republican ideals.
"Looks like we'll be having to say President Trump," Barr said.
"I'm not going to trust anyone anymore," Ashley said.
"Too many mean, vile people," Barr said. "One thing this election did for me is to empower me. The people at work will see a different person tomorrow."
"You yell or cry at work yet?" Ashley asked the following day.
"I don't know how I'm going to get thru the day," Barr replied. "I want a new relationship, new house, new job, everything."
She soon noticed postings about a Women's March on Facebook, and then about a bus that would take her from a city where almost no one agreed with her to a city where almost everyone did. And now, weeks later, she was at the grocery story, collecting enough food to also feed her daughter, who would soon be arriving to ride the bus with her. She paid for the groceries, went back to her car and turned on the radio.
"Would you agree your new boss is famous for firing people?" a senator asked during a confirmation hearing broadcast on CNN.
"Well, he has a show about it. Other than the show . . . " came the response.
"It's a blurred line at this point. We're not sure where the show stops and where the reality begins."
Reality: Barr silently listening, gripping the steering tightly and shaking her head as she pulled the car back into the garage. "Sometimes," she said, "this gets to me, and I have to turn it off."
So she reached for the dial, removed the groceries, grabbed her march sweatshirt and, carrying all of it, walked inside.
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At 2:55 a.m. the morning of the march, Barr was wearing that sweatshirt and putting a few last things in her bag. She had been up past midnight, watching the news about the protests in Washington, some of which had turned violent and led to scores of arrests, and was scared about what could happen that day. Would the police think they were violent, too? Ashley, always so brave and assured, had told her the night before not to be nervous, and now it was time to try to follow that advice.
She picked up her bag and keys.
"Ready? Is everyone ready?" she said, stopping to breathe for a moment. "I can't believe we did it, but we did it. We're there."
She got into the car, driving out into a thick fog that made it impossible to see farther than a few feet ahead. She soon arrived at the Lycoming Mall, where stores have been increasingly going out of business, and parked near dozens of cars, their headlights punching holes into the mist. Soon, the first bus drove up, then the second, and the third.
"More people than you would think," she told Ashley.
"Definitely surprised," Ashley said. "I knew there were more people who were fed up around here but never knew there was going to be enough to fill three buses."
Barr watched the women among a smattering of men. There were older women, younger women, children. People who had rarely, if ever, been to Washington or gone to a protest. People shaking hands and introducing themselves to one another. Some had heard that the crowds could be much bigger than what showed up for the inauguration; others talked about the marches that had happened the night before around the world.
To Barr, who mostly listened, they didn't look any different from the people she had always known, but somehow this felt different, as if something new and fragile was just beginning.
She took a seat near the front of the bus and watched Ashley, who was in charge of their bus, begin counting heads and making announcements. And then a woman with curly red hair and glasses appeared at the top of the stairs.
"I have some information about the League of Women Voters. We are starting a chapter in Lycoming County. I brought a few paper applications," she said. "Does anyone want information about League of Women Voters?"
Barr, who had never signed up for anything like that before and had never heard of the League of Women Voters, watched as the woman stopped in front of her.
In that moment, Barr had yet to carry a protest sign miles from the bus to the Mall. She had yet to stand before the Trump International Hotel and, quietly at first, then louder, chant words of protest. She had yet to witness crowds bigger than any in her life, crowds that didn't scare her nearly as much as she thought they would. And she had yet to realize that what she was most afraid of was returning to Williamsport and falling into a rut that this time she would not be able to pull herself out of.
At that moment on the bus, there was just the woman standing in front of her, holding information packets about the women's voting group, asking, "Do you want one?"
There was a long pause.
"Sure," Barr said. "I'll take one."
The bus driver then punched "Washington" into his GPS, pulled out into the mist, and started for the nation's capital.
WASHINGTON - Millions of women gathered in Washington and in cities around the country and the world Saturday to mount a roaring rejoinder to the inauguration of President Donald Trump. What started as a Facebook post by a Hawaii retiree became an unprecdented international rebuke of a new president that packed cities large and small - from London to Los Angeles, Paris to Park City, Utah, Miami to Melbourne, Australia.
The Washington organizers, who originally sought a permit for a gathering of 200,000, said Saturday that as many as a half million people participated.
Many in the nation's capital and other cities said they were inspired to join because of Trump's divisive campaign and his disparagement of women, minorities and immigrants. In signs and shouts, they mocked what they characterized as Trump's lewd language and sexist demeanor.
The marches provided a balm for those eager to immerse themselves in a like-minded sea of citizens who shared their anxiety and disappointment after Democrat Hillary Clinton's historic bid for the presidency ended in defeat.
"We just want to make sure that we're heard," said Mona Osuchukwu, 27, a District of Columbia native at the Washington march with her 3-year-old daughter Chioma. "I want her to know that she has a voice. No matter what anyone tells her, especially as a black woman in America."
The Washington demonstration was amplified by gatherings around the world, with march organizers listing more than 670 planned events nationwide and another 70 cities overseas, including Tel Aviv, Barcelona, Mexico City, Berlin and Yellowknife in Canada's Northwest Territories, where the temperature was six below zero.
In Chicago, the demonstration was overwhelmed by its own size, after 150,000 demonstrators swamped downtown blocks. It forcedofficials to curtail their planned march, although thousand of protesters still paraded around the Loop. In Boston, police estimated a gathering of 125,000. In Los Angeles, officials temporarily closed some side streets to accommodate the crowds.
"We are doing our best to facilitate because they are squeezing into every street right now," said Capt. Andrew Nieman of the Los Angeles Police Department.
There were huge gatherings in New York, Miami, Denver and Seattle.
In Juneau, Alaska, one man marveled that the crowd was the biggest he had ever seen on the state Capitol's steps. In Philadelphia, marchers filled city bridges. In Lexington, Kentucky, they shut down streets. In New Orleans, they played brass instruments.
The fear - and anger - at Trump's rise to the most powerful position in the United States reverberated at renowned protest sites around the globe, from the Trocadero in Paris to Trafalgar Square in London.
Marina Knight, a 43-year-old executive assistant, and her 9-year-old daughter were two of the tens of thousands marching in London.
"This is her first march," Knight said, referring to her daughter. "It's the first time we felt it was vital to march. I feel the rights we take for granted could go backwards, and we owe it to our daughters and the next generation to fix this somehow."
In the United States, the crowds marched in weather ranging from balmy to snowy. But common to every gathering was fiery rhetoric, pink knit hats, and repeated references to the boast that offended so many women: Trump's infamous taped comments about groping female genitals.
Among the thousands of signs marchers dumped at the end of the day in front of the Trump International Hotel, just blocks from his new home at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue: "P---y Power" and "This P---y Bites Back." Protesters got at close as they could to the presidential mansion, crowding metal barriers less than a block away with police and Secret Service personnel watching closely.
Demonstrators came to Washington from around the country, sometimes sleeping on the couches of people they had never met before. As of 4 p.m. Saturday, Metro had recorded more than 597,000 trips, a weekend ridership record. By comparison, as of 4 p.m. on Inauguration Day, there were 368,000 trips. The city issued about 1,800 bus parking permits for the event, and Amtrak added extra trains in and out of Union Station.
The huge crowd delighted feminist icon Gloria Steinem, 82, who was among the first speakers. "This is the upside of the downside," she exulted. "This is an outpouring of democracy like I've never seen in my very long life."
Clinton didn't attend the march but tweeted her gratitude: "Thanks for standing, speaking & marching for our values @womensmarch. Important as ever. I truly believe we're always stronger together."
The size of the gathering proved challenging. The sound system failed to reach everyone in the massive crowd, and far more portable toilets were needed.
When the port-a-potties behind the stage broke down, security instructed women to use cups and ushered them into a box truck for privacy.
"I'm afraid to shake anyone's hand," one woman joked.
Though the marchers were mostly female and white, men and people of color also joined the throngs.
John Fisher, a 34-year-old locksmith from Grand Rapids, Michigan, drove more than nine hours with his wife, Kara Eagle.
I'm here to support my wife," said Fischer. "I don't care who you are, women impact your life, and there's no reason why they shouldn't have the same rights as men."
Cynthia English, a 61-year-old Jamaican-American living in Florida, said she wanted the new president to know that women will be fighting during his presidency to ensure that the country and laws treat them equally. She was with her daughter and marching for her two granddaughters in that hope that no future president feels comfortable making lewd comments about women.
"I don't want this to happen to them 20 years from now, so I am making my mark now," said English, who wondered, "Why are we the ones that bring people into this world, and we are treated the worst? We should be treated with respect."
The crowd was buoyant, even joyous. Many held up signs - "I Am Very Upset!" and "Love Trumps Hate" and "Bridges Not Walls" - while others took videos of the moment on their cell phones. Every few minutes, a rolling roar swept over them.
D.C. police said they had made no march-related arrests, compared to more than 200 Friday when protesters created chaos in downtown Washington.
March organizers briefly considered suspending the formal march to the Ellipse out of concern that the crowd had grown too large to safely navigate the route to the White House. But speakers soon told the marchers to set out.
Lorraine LaHuta, 66, who came to the march from New York City, said at times she wasn't sure where to go, but it never felt chaotic. "It was organized disorganization that worked very well," she said.
Judith Snyder-Wagner, a 67-year-old former fundraising consultant came because she sensed a shift in the rural, blue-collar community near Canton, Ohio, where she lives with her wife, Joy. A neighbor mowed a piece of grass along their property line and put up a Trump sign facing their home. Someone recently drove through the neighborhood flying a Confederate flag.
"We've been afraid," she said, her voice quavering. She was limping up the sidewalk on Independence Avenue. She has had both her knee and hip replaced, and she held a cane in one hand and a poster in the other. "We just feel like we're going to lose our civil rights."
The couple boarded a bus at 1 a.m. Saturday in Ohio and would head home less than 24 hours later. "We needed to feel inspired," Joy Snyder-Wagner said, looking around. "And we do."
Trump's election was the wake up call that progressives needed, said Erin Edlow, 28, the membership director of the Virginia Beach Young Democrats. She was in town with her sister to demonstrate her support for LGBT and immigrant rights.
"Democracy is not a spectator sport," she said.
The march turned into a star-studded event, with celebrities Madonna, Janelle Monáe, Scarlett Johansson and Ashley Judd making appearances. D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) introduced herself as a proud "chick mayor" and implored the Republican majority in Congress to stop meddling in the District's local lawmaking.
Activist filmmaker Michael Moore ripped The Washington Post in half, noting the headline "Trump Takes Power" and declaring "I don't think so." Actress America Ferrera declared that "our new president is waging a war" on the values that define the country with "a credo of hate fear and suspicion of one another."
"It's been a heart-rending time to be both a woman and an immigrant," said Ferrera, whose parents are from Honduras. "Our dignity, our character, our rights have been under attack."
"But the president is not America," she said. "We are America."
As the march grew in prominence, it highlighted long-existing racial and political rifts in the feminist movement. The initial organizers of the march were white women - a group that narrowly voted for Trump in November - although they quickly handed its leadership over to a diverse group of veteran organizers from New York.
They have embraced an imperiled liberal agenda, in sharp contrast to much of what Trump laid out for his presidency. The march platform called for ending violence against women, workers' rights, reproductive rights, environmental justice, immigrant rights and more.
But a group of anti-abortion women also came, beseeching the larger march to recognize their variety of feminism. Whether or not to include the conservative viewpoint sparked controversy in the days before the march. Anti-abortion women said they were excluded.
Siobhan Rooney, 32, drove from Philadelphia this morning to march for women's rights. For her that includes the rights of their unborn children.
"We are in the same page on so many issues. It's just this one issue,"she said.
Teresa Shook, who is in her 60s, was on hand to marvel at what emerged from her original proposal for a march in a November Facebook post. The grandmother of four from outside of Honolulu accepted hug and after hug as the crowd surged around her.
"This is the woman who came up with the idea for today's march," one woman said. "Thank you!" shouted another.
"I'm so blown away," Shook said.
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