The Washington PostDemocracy Dies in Darkness

Teen sues Apple for $1 billion, blames facial recognition at stores for his arrest

A 18-year-old New York student claims in a lawsuit against Apple that he “was forced to respond to multiple false allegations” of theft, which caused him stress and damaged his reputation. (Charles Rex Arbogast/AP)

An 18-year-old from New York is suing Apple for $1 billion, claiming that a facial recognition system at its stores falsely connected him to a series of thefts.

Ousmane Bah, who was arrested at his home in November, alleges that the warrant he was served included a photo of someone else. The lawsuit also claims that a detective with the New York Police Department concluded that the thief caught by a store surveillance camera “looked nothing like” Bah.

The lawsuit, citing the detective, says that Apple uses facial recognition software to identify shoplifters. The company declined to comment on the lawsuit itself; it would say only that it doesn’t use such technology in its stores.

Bah said his interim driver learner’s permit, which does not have a photo, had been either lost or stolen. His attorney told The Washington Post that the permit may have been presented as identification at an Apple store, erroneously connecting Bah’s name with the thief’s face in the company’s security system. That means every time the perpetrator walked into an Apple store, his face would register as Bah, the attorney said.

Amazon facial-identification software used by police falls short on tests for accuracy and bias, new research finds

Bah had been charged in multiple jurisdictions, including Delaware, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York, according to the lawsuit. Three of the cases have been dropped, the suit said, but the one in New Jersey is still pending. An N.Y.P.D. spokeswoman told The Post that the case in New York has been sealed and that she cannot provide information about it.

As for the Massachusetts case, the lawsuit said, Bah had never set foot in Boston before his arraignment. He even claimed to have an ironclad alibi: He was attending his senior prom in Manhattan on the day the Boston store was hit.

The lawsuit alleged that Bah “was forced to respond to multiple false allegations which led to severe stress and hardship in his life, and also significant damage to his positive reputation that he had put so much effort into upholding.”

Government using photos of visa applicants, dead people to test facial recognition software

The lawsuit seeks damages of $1 billion, a declaration that Apple “wrongfully and baselessly damaged” Bah’s reputation, and a court order compelling Apple to “address the mistake in the stored data” that links Bah’s identifying information to the company’s facial recognition technology.

The lawsuit was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.