California began its probe in response to Facebook’s entanglement with Cambridge Analytica, a political consultancy that improperly accessed data on tens of millions of Facebook users. The inquiry appears to have expanded to cover other incidents in which software developers and other businesses accessed Facebook data without users’ knowledge or permission, court documents show.
Appearing at a press conference, Becerra alleged that Facebook had “failed to respond adequately” to dozens of questions and legal demands that the attorney general’s offices had sent, including by refusing to search for and submit key communications between executives that might have established the role they played in determining Facebook’s practices for collecting users’ data.
“This investigation involves serious allegations of unlawful business practices by one of the richest companies in the world,” Becerra’s office said in the filing. It said Facebook’s “delays and refusals to comply with the Attorney General’s interrogatories and subpoena should not thwart this important and independent investigation into whether the company violated its users’ privacy and California law.”
Facebook did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The California probe is a major new legal headache for Facebook: The attorney general of the Golden State, the home of Facebook and its Silicon Valley peers, also is one of the country’s most powerful. Adding to the stakes, Becerra and his team are simultaneously at work on drawing up regulations to implement the country’s first-ever consumer privacy law, which goes into effect Jan. 1. That state law will regulate the way Facebook and the rest of the tech industry handle user data and is likely to affect those practices outside California.
Other states also have taken aim at Facebook in recent months. The attorney general of Massachusetts also has gone to court to force Facebook to turn over a similar set of documents on it data-privacy practices. The attorney general of the District of Columbia embarked on a lawsuit in December alleging Facebook violating residents’ privacy. And the attorney general of New York is now leading an investigation of Facebook for privacy and antitrust violations that top law-enforcement officials from 46 states and territories are backing.