After NASA Crew-1 astronauts Michael Hopkins, Shannon Walker and Victor Glover along with Japan’s Soichi Noguchi splashed down in a pinpoint landing at 2:56 a.m., just south of Panama City, SpaceX’s ground controller said: “We welcome you back to planet Earth. For those of you enrolled in our frequent-flier program, you’ve earned 68 million miles on this voyage.”
To which Hopkins replied: “We’ll take those miles. Are they transferrable?”
But SpaceX will take a significant step forward in human spaceflight with its next mission, flying what would be the first all-civilian crew in a flight scheduled for September that would orbit Earth for a few days. Called Inspiration4, the flight is being funded by billionaire entrepreneur Jared Isaacman, an accomplished jet pilot, but by no means a professional astronaut.
Nor are the other members of the crew: Hayley Arceneaux, a physician assistant; Sian Proctor, a teacher and communicator; and Chris Sembroski, an engineer at Lockheed Martin. Isaacman set up the mission as a fundraiser for St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and held what amounted to a sweepstakes competition for two of the seats.
When NASA decided to outsource human spaceflight missions to the space station years ago under its “commercial crew” program, it had hoped that the missions would become successful enough that ordinary citizens would one day be able to fly.
“This was really our goal when we set up commercial crew,” Kathy Lueders, the head of NASA’s human spaceflight directorate, said in a briefing early Sunday. “Honestly, we’re very excited to see it kind of taking off.”
Hans Koenigsmann, SpaceX senior adviser for flight reliability, said Sunday’s splashdown gives the company confidence that it could fly civilians with some regularity.
“I think going forward we’re ready for this important step,” he said. “We’re ready for the first private astronaut mission. I think the first mission in particular is a very special mission.”
But it’s not the only one on the books.
After the Inspiration4 flight, SpaceX is planning another flight of NASA astronauts that would also include Raja Chari and Tom Marshburn, as well as Matthias Maurer of Germany, in October. Then, in January, it would keep the pace going with another launch of civilians in a mission that this time would go to the space station.
The flight is being organized by Axiom Space, a Houston-based company that is working to build a commercial space station. It is being led by Axiom Vice President Michael López-Alegría, a former NASA astronaut. Joining him on the mission to spend about a week on the space station is a trio of billionaires who are paying $55 million each for the trip.
Despite the successful splashdown Sunday, NASA and SpaceX can’t get complacent or ahead of themselves, Lueders said. Spaceflight may get romanticized in popular culture, but in reality, it remains a very dangerous and risky endeavor that requires an enormous amount of work and diligence.
Sunday’s touchdown was the completion of SpaceX’s first full-duration mission. And although it has now flown two sets of astronauts to the space station — and returned them safely — it still has a lot to prove.
“We’re still at the beginning steps of continuing to make this look easy,” she said. “But this is only our first full operational mission. So we need to keep having missions look like this. … But it is very exciting that we’re starting to lay in the foundations for these key capabilities.”
But before it looks ahead to that, SpaceX was content Sunday to revel in the successful splashdown.
The capsule undocked from the space station at 8:35 p.m. Saturday, then completed a series of milestones that officials said were picture-perfect, such as firing its engines to plunge the spacecraft into the atmosphere and jettisoning its trunk to expose the heat shield, which protected the astronauts against temperatures that reached 3,500 degrees Fahrenheit.
A set of smaller drogue parachutes deployed to slow and stabilize the vehicle as it fell through the atmosphere, and the four massive main chutes unfurled before the soft touchdown.
SpaceX was able to get the Dragon spacecraft out of the water and onto the deck of the recovery ship in less than 30 minutes. And the crew was able to exit the vehicle less than an hour after splashing down in what NASA and SpaceX called a flawless flight.
“It looked more like a racecar pit stop than anything else,” Koenigsmann said. “Everybody was at the right spot and did the right thing. And then, obviously, the weather was great.”
A previous version of this article misspelled the names of Hayley Arceneaux, Sian Proctor and Tom Marshburn. This version has been corrected.