Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) unveiled a slimmed-down coronavirus relief bill on Tuesday and announced plans to move to a vote later this week, an effort to put Democrats on the defensive after weeks of stalled talks.
But a month after bipartisan talks collapsed on Capitol Hill, McConnell is aiming to pressure Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.) by presenting a GOP package that would spend around $500 billion on some key priorities including small businesses, enhanced unemployment insurance, child care, the post office, coronavirus testing and schools. It would also create a type of liability shield for businesses to protect them from certain lawsuits related to the coronavirus.
The Senate GOP bill is expected to kick off a flurry of negotiations this month. In addition to the economic-relief talks, lawmakers must agree on a government spending bill to avoid a shutdown in October. Relations between Democrats and Republicans have soured markedly since the spring, particularly as the November elections near.
In a statement Tuesday, McConnell alleged that Pelosi had refused to negotiate on a targeted relief bill despite bringing the House back into session last month to pass a bill that would provide $25 billion for the U.S. Postal Service.
“Speaker Pelosi and Leader Schumer said a targeted deal on jobless benefits and the Paycheck Protection Program would be ‘piecemeal,’ but then Speaker Pelosi came rushing back to pass the most piecemeal bill imaginable: Postal Service legislation that completely ignored the health, economic, and education crises facing families,” McConnell said.
“Everything Speaker Pelosi and Leader Schumer have done suggests one simple motivation: They do not want American families to see any more bipartisan aid before the polls close on President Trump’s re-election. They have taken Americans’ health, jobs, and schools hostage for perceived partisan gain,” he said.
In a joint statement, Pelosi and Schumer dismissed McConnell’s bill, saying it “doesn’t come close to addressing the problems and is headed nowhere.”
“This emaciated bill is only intended to help vulnerable Republican Senators by giving them a ‘check-the-box’ vote to maintain the appearance that they’re not held hostage by their extreme right-wing that doesn’t want to spend a nickel to help people,” Pelosi and Schumer said. “Democrats want to work on bipartisan legislation that will meet the urgent needs of the American people but Republicans continue to move in the wrong direction.”
Pelosi said in a Bloomberg TV interview that the Senate GOP measure “insults the intelligence of the American people” and added, “get real, Mitch McConnell.” And in a Senate floor speech, Schumer called McConnell’s release of the legislation “one of the most cynical moves I have ever seen.”
Pelosi and House Democrats passed a $3 trillion measure in May that would have funded another round of stimulus checks, unemployment benefits, hospitals and coronavirus testing, and provided $1 trillion to states and cities, among other things. The White House and Senate Republicans dismissed the bill and said they would not consider it.
In late July and early August, Pelosi and Schumer met multiple times with White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin in an effort to come up with a compromise. But they failed, with Democrats refusing to consider a bill costing less than $2 trillion, and Republicans and administration officials dismissing that figure as too high.
The House and Senate adjourned last month with no agreement. But the Senate came back into session Tuesday afternoon and the House returns next week, giving lawmakers one last chance to make a deal before adjourning through the election.
Senate Republicans and administration officials believe Pelosi will come under growing pressure from moderate members of her own caucus who face tough reelections and have been uneasy about the failure to act on additional economic stimulus. McConnell’s new legislation is partly an attempt to attract the attention of such lawmakers.
“I’m optimistic in the next two weeks that the pressure and the voice of the American people will start to have an impact on members of Congress,” Meadows said Tuesday on Fox Business Network.
McConnell has been working with administration officials for weeks to finalize the new Senate GOP bill, which he is calling a “targeted relief package,” but he faced competing pressures from Senate Republicans. Some conservatives didn’t want to spend any more money at all after Congress dedicated around $3 trillion to pandemic relief in the spring, while a handful of vulnerable Senate GOP incumbents who are up for reelection in November have been eager to vote on generous new aid for their constituents.
A $1 trillion bill McConnell released in July was quickly rejected by many Senate Republicans, leaving the GOP without a unified position in the last round of negotiations. The new legislation costs about half that much. In an effort to keep costs down and get conservatives on board, McConnell also decided to repurpose about $350 billion in unspent funds from Cares Act programs for the new bill, including $204 billion from a Treasury Department lending facility and $146 billion from the small business Paycheck Protection Program.
The legislation includes $300 weekly enhanced unemployment benefits through the end of the year, to replace a $600 weekly benefit that expired for some 30 million unemployed workers on July 31. It does not include any new money for cities and states, or new stimulus checks for individual Americans. The legislation does include more than $250 billion to allow small businesses to receive a second round of Paycheck Protection Program loans, $10 billion for child-care support and $10 billion to forgive a loan from the Cares Act to the U.S. Postal Service.
The legislation includes a compromise aimed at resolving a dispute over a push by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Tex.) to include a tax credit to reimburse donations to state-level scholarship funds, which help families pay for private school tuition. Some fellow Republicans opposed this idea, and McConnell’s legislation attempts to resolve it by including tax credits for just two years — instead of a permanent tax credit as Cruz had sought.
Other provisions include $105 billion for schools, $16 billion for coronavirus testing and tracing, $31 billion for vaccine development and distribution, and $20 billion for farm assistance.
The bill could serve as a new starting point for talks with Democrats, although it represents a significant step backward from the administration’s posture in negotiations with Democrats before they broke down. Mnuchin has publicly cited figures as high as $1.5 trillion in discussing what the administration could agree to. There was no sign Tuesday of bipartisan talks starting back up.
Additionally, a better-than-expected August jobs report may have further reduced the urgency for action in the eyes of some Republicans. Trump and members of his administration have been speaking bullishly about the economic recovery they say is underway, even as millions remain unemployed.
“We can live with it — we can absolutely live with it,” White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow told Bloomberg TV last week when asked if the administration would be willing to not reach a deal with Congress.
At the same time, Congress is facing a Sept. 30 deadline when agencywide funding will expire and the government will begin to shut down without action. Pelosi and Mnuchin have already begun work on a “continuing resolution” that would extend government funding at existing levels through the election to avert a shutdown.
Jeff Stein contributed to this report.
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