The Treasury Department on Wednesday gave a new international body a list of 50 Russian elites that the United States views as its top priorities for enacting new sanctions, as global law enforcement steps up its hunt for the assets of oligarchs tied to the Kremlin.
Treasury publicly released 28 of the 50 names on the list, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Russian mega-billionaire Alisher Usmanov, among other top government officials. Treasury officials declined to share the other 22 names. One person familiar with the matter, speaking on the condition of anonymity to frankly describe the sanctions, said administration officials typically do not want the names of sanctioned oligarchs to be known ahead of time, because that could help them evade the penalties.
Treasury’s list reflects how the Western allies are ramping up their attempts to ensure that their sanctions measures — which typically block the sanctioned individuals from accessing their assets — are effectively implemented. The United States has sanctioned more than 200 Russian oligarchs and entities since the invasion of Ukraine, according to an estimate by the Brookings Institution, a Washington-based think tank. The European Union has sanctioned more than twice that number.
“Is it going to result in the Brutus theory [of Putin being overthrown]? Not in my view; this is not going to result in a regime change,” said Dan Katz, who served as a senior adviser at Treasury from 2019 to 2021 and is a co-founder of Amberwave Partners, an investment management firm. “But it is important to changing the calculus, and putting pressure on Putin in a personal way that gets at his political coalition.”
Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen and Attorney General Merrick Garland joined a virtual meeting of the new international task force on Wednesday morning. The multinational task force includes representatives from America, Australia, Canada, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the European Commission.
“What Treasury’s priority is right now is expanding the global reach of the individuals who have already been sanctioned by U.S. review, and I think they’re giving countries the opportunity to say they’re joining an international effort,” said Daniel Glaser, who served in the Treasury Department’s Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence under the Obama administration and is now the global head of jurisdictional services at K2 Integrity, a risk compliance firm.
The Justice Department has also announced a separate effort, called Task Force KleptoCapture, to coordinate numerous law enforcement agencies — including the Internal Revenue Service, Federal Bureau of Investigations and Southern District of New York — in the attempt to uncover where sanctioned Russians are keeping their assets.
The sanctions on Russian elite represent one part of the West’s broader effort to punish Russia financially for the invasion of Ukraine. Many of these measures — such as targeting the country’s central bank reserves — are likely to hurt the country as a whole, but the sanctions on oligarchs are designed to hit only a smaller circle of powerful individuals.
“Making people close to Putin pay a price is, to my view, ideal. ... They’ve certainly gone way further than they have in the past,” said Dean Baker, a liberal economist at the Center for Economic and Policy Research, a center-left think tank. “It’s not clear how many people can really influence Putin, but those are the people you most want to hit. I don’t see a downside.”
Russia responded to the West’s economic countermeasures on Tuesday by imposing sanctions on President Biden, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki, and other administration officials. Those measures are viewed as ineffective, however, because few Americans have Russian bank accounts or any assets in that country.
Usmanov’s company, Metalloinvest, a mining firm, said in a previous statement that it considers the sanctions against him to be “ungrounded and unfair.” Usmanov also released a statement accusing the E.U. of “false and defamatory allegations damaging my honour, dignity and business reputation.”