The Washington PostDemocracy Dies in Darkness

How often does lightning strike the Washington Monument?

Anecdotal and scientific analyses suggest the strikes are infrequent but not uncommon

The Washington Monument is struck by lightning on the evening of July 1, 2005. (Kevin Ambrose for The Washington Post)
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The Washington Monument is struck by lightning in many years, and sometimes multiple times, but to witness and photograph a direct strike is rare. I can speak from experience on the photography part.

Considering the monument was struck last week, generating a lot of attention, I decided to estimate how frequently this happens based on my history of observing and photographing these storms. I came up with a number between one and four times per year, which turns out to be not far off the estimate of a more scientific analysis of strikes at the monument that was just released.

Over the past 18 years, I’ve photographed about 30 thunderstorms that have tracked over Washington and, of all those storms, lightning from only two struck the Washington Monument. I was able to capture one of them in 2005, shown above.

In short, I have found that one out of every 15 storms passing through Washington produces lightning that strikes the monument.

My thunderstorm count includes a mix of severe thunderstorms and many weak, garden-variety storms that didn’t produce much of lightning. Severe and intense thunderstorms with frequent lightning significantly increase the odds that the monument will get struck. For example, there is a record of one thunderstorm that hit the monument with lightning six times.

Thunder counts are recorded in weather reports at Reagan National Airport, Washington’s official weather station. On average, it experiences 34 days with thunder a year, although that number has trended upward over the past few decades. In 2019, there were 63 days with thunder recorded. Most years see between 20 to 40 days.

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Given my sample of thunderstorms that show one out of every 15 storms produces a lightning strike to the Washington Monument, there should be, in a quiet year, about one to two thunderstorms per year that yield a direct strike and closer to three or four in more active years.

My estimate is not far off an analysis performed by Chris Vagasky, a meteorologist at Vaisala, a Finland-based company that operates the National Lightning Detection Network in the contiguous United States.

Vagasky, in a blog post published Tuesday, wrote that he analyzed cloud-to-ground flashes near the monument over the past decade. He concluded the monument is struck “twice per year on the high end and once every five years on the low end.”

In other words his analysis would suggest my estimate of about one to four strikes per year might be a little high but that up two strikes per year is plausible.

Protecting the monument from strikes

As it is routinely struck, the Washington Monument has a modern lightning protection system, which was installed after the 2011 earthquake, when the monument was renovated. When a direct strike happens, the lightning protection system channels the current to the ground to prevent damage to the structure. That’s what we saw Thursday night when lightning struck the monument multiple times.

Lightning in D.C. area struck Washington Monument, injured National Guardsmen in Lafayette Square on Thursday night

Photographs

In this post, I’ve included some of my favorite photos of lightning with the Washington Monument. In addition to the photo at the top of an actual strike, you’ll see many examples of lightning that hit the District but missed the monument, including some near hits.

Let us know if you’ve seen or photographed a lightning strike to the Washington Monument, or any other building.

Jason Samenow contributed to this report.

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