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{"note":{"questionId":"3f13e489-a63b-494a-a85e-23b9a779ee3d","questionText":"<p>The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is a per-minute rating developed by ESPN.com columnist John Hollinger. In John's words, "The PER sums up all a player's positive accomplishments, subtracts the negative accomplishments, and returns a per-minute rating of a player's performance."<br/></p><p>PER takes into account accomplishments, such as field goals, free throws, 3-pointers, assists, rebounds, blocks and steals, and negative results, such as missed shots, turnovers and personal fouls. The formula adds positive stats and subtracts negative ones through a statistical point value system. The rating for each player is then adjusted to a per-minute basis so that, for example, substitutes can be compared with starters in playing time debates. It is also adjusted for the team's pace. In the end, one number sums up the players' statistical accomplishments for that season.</p><p>The league average is 15.00 every season.</p>","mediaType":"IMAGE","mediaUrl":"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578","mediaCredit":" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell","excludeFromTrivia":false,"answerKey":["fca05502-e0c0-47b0-bd13-c0202b47b6ab"],"createdDate":"2016-03-08T15:50:37.912+0000","lastUpdated":"2017-04-13T21:36:52.150+0000","questionTitle":"What is Player Efficiency Rating?","multipleSelectionAmount":0,"noteType":"LEAFLET","noteOptions":[{"hasComment":false,"element":{"_id":-1.0,"type":"HTML_TEXT","src":"<p>The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is a per-minute rating developed by ESPN.com columnist John Hollinger. In John's words, "The PER sums up all a player's positive accomplishments, subtracts the negative accomplishments, and returns a per-minute rating of a player's performance."<br/></p><p>PER takes into account accomplishments, such as field goals, free throws, 3-pointers, assists, rebounds, blocks and steals, and negative results, such as missed shots, turnovers and personal fouls. The formula adds positive stats and subtracts negative ones through a statistical point value system. The rating for each player is then adjusted to a per-minute basis so that, for example, substitutes can be compared with starters in playing time debates. It is also adjusted for the team's pace. In the end, one number sums up the players' statistical accomplishments for that season.</p><p>The league average is 15.00 every season.</p>"}},{"hasComment":false,"element":{"_id":-1.0,"type":"IMAGE","src":"<img src=\"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578\" alt=\" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell\" class=\"note-image\" /><div class=\"context-image-credit\"></div>","original":"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578","edited":"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578","credit":" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell"}}],"publishStatus":"PUBLISHED"},"game":{"gameId":"37939879-1c08-4cfa-aff3-51c2a2ae060e","hideScore":"1","tags":["player efficiency rating","per","nba"],"title":"What is Player Efficiency Rating?","byline":"Neil Greenberg","articleReferences":[],"createdTimestamp":"2016-03-08T15:50:37.902+0000","lastUpdatedTimestamp":"2017-04-13T21:36:52.148+0000","archive":false,"allowMoreThanOnce":false,"questionIds":["3f13e489-a63b-494a-a85e-23b9a779ee3d"],"createdBy":"greenbergna","lastUpdatedBy":"hunsickerb","live":false,"photoUploaded":false,"embedToggles":[{"headline":false,"byline":false}],"captchaProtected":false,"questions":[{"questionId":"3f13e489-a63b-494a-a85e-23b9a779ee3d","questionText":"<p>The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is a per-minute rating developed by ESPN.com columnist John Hollinger. In John's words, "The PER sums up all a player's positive accomplishments, subtracts the negative accomplishments, and returns a per-minute rating of a player's performance."<br/></p><p>PER takes into account accomplishments, such as field goals, free throws, 3-pointers, assists, rebounds, blocks and steals, and negative results, such as missed shots, turnovers and personal fouls. The formula adds positive stats and subtracts negative ones through a statistical point value system. The rating for each player is then adjusted to a per-minute basis so that, for example, substitutes can be compared with starters in playing time debates. It is also adjusted for the team's pace. In the end, one number sums up the players' statistical accomplishments for that season.</p><p>The league average is 15.00 every season.</p>","mediaType":"IMAGE","mediaUrl":"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578","mediaCredit":" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell","excludeFromTrivia":false,"answerKey":["fca05502-e0c0-47b0-bd13-c0202b47b6ab"],"createdDate":"2016-03-08T15:50:37.912+0000","lastUpdated":"2017-04-13T21:36:52.150+0000","questionTitle":"What is Player Efficiency Rating?","multipleSelectionAmount":0,"noteType":"LEAFLET","noteOptions":[{"hasComment":false,"element":{"_id":-1.0,"type":"HTML_TEXT","src":"<p>The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is a per-minute rating developed by ESPN.com columnist John Hollinger. 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In the end, one number sums up the players' statistical accomplishments for that season.</p><p>The league average is 15.00 every season.</p>"}},{"hasComment":false,"element":{"_id":-1.0,"type":"IMAGE","src":"<img src=\"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578\" alt=\" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell\" class=\"note-image\" /><div class=\"context-image-credit\"></div>","original":"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578","edited":"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578","credit":" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell"}}],"publishStatus":"PUBLISHED"}],"allowDuplicate":false,"status":"ACTIVE"},"apiRoot":"https://notes.washingtonpost.com/api/webapi","embed":"\n<div class=\"context-note\" id=\"note_3f13e489-a63b-494a-a85e-23b9a779ee3d\">\n <link href=\"https://context-cdn.washingtonpost.com/shared/notes/notes.css\" rel=\"stylesheet\">\n <div class=\"context-header\">\n <div class=\"note-headline\">\n <h1 class=\"note-title\">What is Player Efficiency Rating?</h1>\n <p class=\"note-byline\">by Neil Greenberg</p>\n <p class=\"note-timestamp\">Updated Apr 13, 2017 at 5:36 PM EST</p>\n </div>\n </div>\n <div class=\"context-body\">\n <div class=\"notes-inner-content context-block\">\n <p>The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is a per-minute rating developed by ESPN.com columnist John Hollinger. 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In the end, one number sums up the players' statistical accomplishments for that season.</p><p>The league average is 15.00 every season.</p>\n <img src=\"https://games-cdn.washingtonpost.com/images/prod/quiz/afba5c66-37e9-4ea8-9034-6cc7bd8e8592/4b09017f-308b-408d-9a40-85cfbdc32350-edited.jpg?ts=1457452223578\" alt=\" The Golden State Warriors play the Washington Wizards; John McDonnell\" class=\"note-image\" /><div class=\"context-image-credit\"></div>\n </div>\n </div>\n</div>\n\n\n<script async>\n /* Replace the EST timestamp with the browsers locale */\n var node = document.querySelector(\"#note_3f13e489-a63b-494a-a85e-23b9a779ee3d .note-timestamp\");\n var timestamp = new Date(\"2017-04-13T21:36:52Z\");\n var date = timestamp.toLocaleDateString('en-us', { year: 'numeric', month: 'short', day: 'numeric' });\n var time = timestamp.toLocaleTimeString(\"en-us\", { hour: 'numeric', minute: 'numeric'});\n node.innerText = \"Updated \" + date + \" at \" + time;\n</script>\n"}

Context # What is Player Efficiency Rating?

by Neil Greenberg

Updated Apr 13, 2017 at 5:36 PM EST

The Player Efficiency Rating (PER) is a per-minute rating developed by ESPN.com columnist John Hollinger. In John's words, "The PER sums up all a player's positive accomplishments, subtracts the negative accomplishments, and returns a per-minute rating of a player's performance."

PER takes into account accomplishments, such as field goals, free throws, 3-pointers, assists, rebounds, blocks and steals, and negative results, such as missed shots, turnovers and personal fouls. The formula adds positive stats and subtracts negative ones through a statistical point value system. The rating for each player is then adjusted to a per-minute basis so that, for example, substitutes can be compared with starters in playing time debates. It is also adjusted for the team's pace. In the end, one number sums up the players' statistical accomplishments for that season.

The league average is 15.00 every season.

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