A wave of drone attacks on Saturday damaged Saudi Arabia’s biggest oil processing facility, suspending the production of 5.7 million barrels of oil. The country produced 9.85 million barrels a day last month, making up about 10 percent of the global supply.

Imports of Saudi Arabian

crude oil in 2018

Asia

N. America

$131.8B

$24.6B

Europe

$17.4B

Africa

$5.0B

S. America

$1.7B

Oceania

$0.2B

Japan

South Korea

India

$31.2B

$23.4B

$21.2B

China

$29.7B

Singapore

Thai.

$5.7B

$5.6B

Bahrain

$5.7B

U.S.A.

France

Italy

South

Africa

$21.9B

$4.0B

$3.6B

$4.6B

Spain

Brazil

$3.9B

$1.6B

Imports of Saudi Arabian

crude oil in 2018

Asia

N. America

$131.8B

$24.6B

Europe

$17.4B

Africa

$5.0B

S. America

$1.7B

Oceania

$0.2B

Japan

South Korea

India

$31.2B

$23.4B

$21.2B

China

$29.7B

Singapore

Thailand

$5.7B

$5.6B

Bahrain

$5.7B

U.S.A.

France

Italy

South

Africa

$21.9B

$4.0B

$3.6B

$4.6B

Spain

Brazil

$3.9B

$1.6B

Imports of Saudi Arabian crude oil in 2018

Asia

N. America

Europe

$24.6B

$17.4B

$131.8B

Africa

S. America

$1.7B

Oceania

$0.2B

$5.0B

Japan

China

U.S.A.

$31.2B

$29.7B

$21.9B

Canada

$2.7B

South Korea

Singapore

Bahrain

$23.4B

$5.7B

$5.7B

France

Spain

$4.0B

$3.9B

Italy

Thailand

Pakistan

$3.6B

$5.6B

$1.9B

India

$21.2B

Malaysia

Pol.

$1.0B

$1.7B

South Africa

Brazil

Indonesia

$4.6B

$1.6B

$2.7B

Imports of Saudi Arabian crude oil in 2018

Asia

N. America

Europe

$24.6B

$17.4B

$131.8B

Africa

S. America

$1.7B

Oceania

$0.2B

$5.0B

Japan

South Korea

U.S.A.

$31.2B

$23.4B

$21.9B

India

$21.2B

Canada

$2.7B

France

Italy

China

$4.0B

$3.6B

$29.7B

Singapore

Thailand

$5.7B

$5.6B

Neth.

Spain

$1.0B

$3.9B

Bahrain

Pak.

Phil.

$5.7B

South Africa

Brazil

$1.9B

$1.6B

$4.6B

$1.6B

Jordan

$1.2B

Imports of Saudi Arabian crude oil in 2018

Asia

N. America

Europe

Africa

S. America

Oceania

$24.6B

$17.4B

$1.7B

$0.2B

$131.8B

$5.0B

Japan

South Korea

India

U.S.A.

$31.2B

$23.4B

$21.2B

$21.9B

Canada

$2.7B

France

Italy

China

$4.0B

$3.6B

$29.7B

Singapore

Thailand

Pakistan

$5.7B

$5.6B

$1.9B

Neth.

Spain

$1.0B

$3.9B

Malaysia

$1.7B

Bahrain

$5.7B

South Africa

Brazil

Indonesia

$4.6B

$1.6B

$2.7B

The majority of Saudi Arabia’s oil in 2018 went to countries in Asia — particularly Japan, China, South Korea and India. The United States imported $21.9 billion worth of oil from Saudi Arabia in 2018. The facility hit in the attacks accounts for more than half of Saudi Arabia’s output and 6 percent of the global supply.

Percentage of crude oil imported

from Saudi Arabia in 2018

0

15

30

40

90

100%

Circles are scaled by total imports of oil

Jordan only imported $1.1 billion of oil,

but 96.5% of it came from Saudi Arabia

China

United

States

France

Japan

$239B

$80B

$163B

imported

Bahrain

$5B

India

$114B

South Africa

$10B, 42% from Saudi Arabia

Percentage of crude oil imported

from Saudi Arabia in 2018

0

15

30

40

90

100%

Circles are scaled by total imports of oil

Jordan only imported $1.1 billion of oil,

but 96.5% of it came from Saudi Arabia

China

United

States

France

$239B

Japan

$163B

imported

$80B

Bahrain

$5B

India

$114B

South Africa

$10B, 42% from Saudi Arabia

Percentage of crude oil imported from Saudi Arabia in 2018

0

15

30

40

90

100%

Circles are scaled

by total imports

of oil in 2018

Jordan only imported $1.1 billion of oil,

but 96.5% of it came from Saudi Arabia

Britain

Russia

Canada

Netherlands

Belgium

China

$239B,

United States

Japan

France

12% from

Saudi Arabia

$80B,

$163B imported,

Germany

38% from

Saudi Arabia

13% comes from

Saudi Arabia

Italy

Spain

Pakistan

India

Bahrain

$5.7B,

99.9% from

Saudi Arabia

Thailand

Panama

Philippines

$114B,

Indonesia

18% from

Saudi Arabia

Malaysia

Brazil

South Africa

$10.8B, 42% from Saudi Arabia

Australia

Chile

Percentage of crude oil imported from Saudi Arabia in 2018

0

15

30

40

90

100%

Jordan only imported $1.1 billion of oil,

but 96.5% of it came from Saudi Arabia

Britain

Circles are scaled

by total imports

of oil in 2018

Russia

Canada

Netherlands

Belgium

China

$239B,

United States

Japan

France

12% from

Saudi Arabia

Germany

$80B,

$163B imported,

38% from

Saudi Arabia

13% comes from

Saudi Arabia

Italy

Pakistan

Spain

Bahrain

$5.7B,

99.9% from

Saudi Arabia

India

Thailand

Panama

Philippines

$114B,

18% from

Saudi Arabia

Indonesia

Malaysia

Brazil

South Africa

$10.8B, 42% from Saudi Arabia

Australia

Chile

Percentage of crude oil imported from Saudi Arabia in 2018

0

15

30

40

90

100%

Jordan only imported $1.1 billion of oil,

but 96.5% of it came from Saudi Arabia

U.K.

Circles are scaled

by total imports

of oil in 2018

Russia

Canada

Netherlands

Belgium

China

$239B,

United States

Japan

France

12% from

Saudi Arabia

Germany

$80B,

$163B imported,

13% came from

Saudi Arabia

38% from

Saudi Arabia

Italy

Pakistan

Spain

Bahrain

$5.7B,

99.9% from

Saudi Arabia

Thailand

India

Panama

Philippines

$114B,

18% from

Saudi Arabia

Indonesia

Malaysia

Brazil

South Africa

$10.8B, 42% from Saudi Arabia

Australia

Chile

Yet, not all countries depend on Saudi Arabia to fulfill their demand. Jordan and Bahrain got more than 90 percent of their oil imports from Saudi Arabia in 2018. In a crisis, they would be more affected than countries such as the United States, China and India.

TURKEY

SYRIA

Tehran

LEB.

ISR.

Baghdad

IRAN

IRAQ

JOR.

KUW.

Persian

Gulf

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Riyadh

U.A.E.

Facilities

targeted

Red

Sea

OMAN

YEMEN

Sanaa

INDIAN

OCEAN

Gulf of Aden

300 MILES

TURKEY

SYRIA

Tehran

LEB.

Baghdad

ISRAEL

IRAN

IRAQ

JOR.

KUW.

Persian

Gulf

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

EGYPT

Riyadh

U.A.E.

Facilities

targeted

OMAN

Red

Sea

YEMEN

Sanaa

INDIAN

OCEAN

Gulf of Aden

300 MILES

TURKEY

Caspian

Sea

SYRIA

Tehran

Med.

Sea

LEB.

AFGHAN.

Baghdad

ISRAEL

IRAN

IRAQ

JOR.

KUW.

Persian

Gulf

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Riyadh

EGYPT

U.A.E.

Facilities

targeted

OMAN

Red

Sea

YEMEN

Sanaa

INDIAN

OCEAN

Gulf of Aden

300 MILES

The attack, for which Yemeni rebels claimed responsibility, took place in eastern Saudi Arabia on one of the country’s largest oil fields, Khurais. The kingdom’s largest oil processing facility, Abqaiq, which has the capacity to process 7 million barrels of oil a day, was impacted.

Sept. 13

Sept. 14

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Abqaiq:

Site of the

kingdom’s largest

oil processing

facility

Satellite

detections

of fire

Sept. 15

Sept. 16

100 MILES

Sept. 13

Sept. 14

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Abqaiq:

Site of the

kingdom’s largest

oil processing

facility

Satellite

detections

of fire

Sept. 15

Sept. 16

100 MILES

Sept. 13

Sept. 14

Sept. 15

Sept. 16

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Abqaiq:

Site of the

kingdom’s largest

oil processing

facility

Satellite

detections

of fire

100 MILES

Sept. 13

Sept. 14

Sept. 15

Sept. 16

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Abqaiq:

Site of the

kingdom’s largest

oil processing

facility

Satellite

detections

of fire

100 MILES

Sept. 13

Sept. 14

Sept. 15

Sept. 16

SAUDI

ARABIA

BAHRAIN

QATAR

Abqaiq:

Site of the

kingdom’s

largest oil

processing

facility

Satellite

detections

of fire

100 MILES

Since the attack, crude oil prices have jumped and oil company shares have risen. Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia has said that weapons used to attack its oil facilities were Iranian. U.S. officials are blaming Iran and its other proxies around the region, and President Trump warned that the United States was “locked and loaded” and ready to respond.

About this story:

Import data is from the International Trade Centre Trade Map, based on U.N. Comtrade data and official sources from each country. MODIS satellite imagery is from NASA.

Related Links

Saudi Arabia oil output takes major hit after apparent drone attacks claimed by Yemen rebels

Crude prices jump after drone strikes halve Saudi oil output; oil companies shares rise on supply tightening

Why Iran is getting the blame for an attack on Saudi Arabia claimed by Yemen’s Houthis

Saudi Arabia says weapons used to attack its oil facilities were Iranian