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President Trump and his advisers said during Sunday’s White House briefing that parts of the country are nearing a peak in cases of the novel coronavirus, hours after U.S. Surgeon General Jerome M. Adams warned that the coming week could be a national catastrophe comparable to Pearl Harbor or the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

Covid-19 deaths countrywide have pushed past 10,000, but experts say the true count is certainly higher.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who sick with covid-19, was moved into an intensive care unit on Monday evening after his condition worsened, government officials announced.

Here are some significant developments:

  • Trump continued to push hydroxychloroquine as a way to treat and prevent the coronavirus during Sunday’s White House briefing. The FDA has given only limited emergency use authorization for the drug. Meanwhile, Rudolph W. Giuliani, Trump’s unpaid private attorney, has been promoting the use of an anti-malarial drug combination in phone calls with the president.
  • Grocery workers, who have been among the most-exposed employees in the outbreak, are starting to die of covid-19.
  • A survey of hospitals across the country showed health-care workers are facing extreme supply and staff shortages. Washington Gov. Jay Inslee (D) said it is “ludicrous that we do not have a national effort” for procuring badly needed medical supplies, as Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) lamented “a global jungle that we’re competing in.”
  • A decline in coronavirus-related deaths in New York, the area hardest hit in the United States, could be a sign that the state is nearing the apex, or it could just be a “blip,” Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo (D) said. New York Mayor Bill de Blasio (D) said Sunday that the city’s ventilator supply will last an additional 48 to 72 hours, after warning they could run out.
  • Former Vice President Biden spoke with Trump Monday afternoon about the U.S. response to the pandemic, according to people with knowledge of the conversation. The conversation was “very cordial,” an administration official said.

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3:44 a.m.
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Coral Princess passenger has died after waiting four hours for an ambulance, family says

A passenger on the Coral Princess cruise ship died of complications from the novel coronavirus after he waited more than four hours for an ambulance to transport him from the ship to a hospital, family members said.

The passenger, Wilson Maa, 71, died late Saturday at Larkin Community Hospital in Hialeah, Fla., his family confirmed in a statement. His wife, Toyling Maa, who is in her 60s, has a cough and a fever and is quarantined onboard, the San Francisco couple’s children, Toyling, Nancy and Julie, wrote.

On Sunday, a day after tweeting in frustration that her father “needs to get to the hospital,” Julie Maa tweeted that her mother was now waiting for an ambulance, too. “Been waiting over an hour. Please, I can’t go through this again,” she wrote. Later, at about 4:30 p.m., she said her mother had been picked up and was on her way to a hospital after another delay.

“The 6-hour wait felt like eternity today,” she tweeted.

Wilson Maa had deteriorated considerably, and he was on a manual ventilator, pumped by hand by the ship’s medical staff, his family told the Miami Herald. They said they were told by ship employees that an ambulance was not available.

Princess Cruises, which owns the Coral Princess, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The ship, which has had 12 confirmed cases of the coronavirus since Thursday, announced that two people had died Friday night, not long before the ship arrived in Miami, The Washington Post reported. A third passenger died later on Sunday at a hospital in Miami-Dade County.

Of the 1,020 passengers, about 993 were expected to be declared fit to fly as of Saturday. More than 20 were still too ill to leave the ship, along with 38 crew members.

The Maa children, who wrote that they were “beyond heartbroken” about their father’s death, asked for continued support as their mother recovers.

“We are so lucky to have a father that was so silly, fun, engineering minded, and thoughtful,” they wrote. “There are no words for the sorrow we have experienced, but only joy for the memories we had with him.”

3:28 a.m.
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U.N. secretary general warns of global spike in domestic violence

U.N. Secretary General António Guterres on Sunday warned of a “horrifying global surge in domestic violence” directed at women and girls, calling on countries around the world to amp up their support of victims during the novel coronavirus pandemic.

Lockdowns and other restrictions on movement as well as economic and social stresses brought on by the outbreak have dramatically increased domestic violence worldwide, Guterres said.

“For many women and girls,” he said in an address, “the threat looms largest where they should be safest: in their own homes."

Existing resources have been affected, too, in countries with vastly different economies and response networks. Shelters for survivors have been transformed into health facilities or stopped taking in more individuals. Police have redirected their attention to enforcing lockdowns and may be limiting their engagement with abusers and other perpetrators of violence.

As the global outbreak grew more severe in March, the number of calls to victim helplines doubled in Lebanon and Malaysia and tripled in China. In Australia, searches for domestic violence help online have reached their peak in the past five years.

Guterres called on national governments to focus on prevention and response within their approaches to the pandemic. Officials should ensure that judicial systems continue to prosecute abusers and avoid releasing prisoners convicted of violence against women, he said. Shelters should be declared essential services, and pharmacies and groceries should be equipped with emergency warning resources.

Guterres has made repeated appeals for a cease-fire in conflicts around the world during the pandemic but also pointed out that violence is not confined to the battlefield.

“Together, we can and must prevent violence everywhere, from war zones to people’s homes, as we work to beat covid-19,” he said.

2:38 a.m.
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Giuliani promotes experimental coronavirus treatments

Rudolph W. Giuliani, who was in the center of the impeachment storm earlier this year as an unpaid private attorney for President Trump, has cast himself in a new role: as a personal science adviser to a president eager to find ways to short-circuit the coronavirus pandemic.

In one-on-one phone calls with Trump, Giuliani said, he has been touting the use of an anti-malarial drug combination that has shown some early promise in treating covid-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, but whose effectiveness has not yet been proved. He said he spends his days on the phone, promoting the treatment to doctors, coronavirus patients and hospital executives.

It is one Trump has also publicly lauded.

“I discussed it with the president after he talked about it,” Giuliani said in an interview. “I told him what I had on the drugs.”

He is part of a chorus of prominent pro-Trump voices who at first played down the severity of the virus and then embraced possible cures — worrying health experts who fear that such comments undermine efforts to slow the virus’s spread and minimize the risks of unproven treatments.

Read more here.

2:30 a.m.
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What the $2 trillion coronavirus bailout is really going to cost Americans

Economists tell us that there is no such thing as a free lunch — that you must always give up something of value to get something you value more.

But Americans may be getting something close to a free lunch in the $2 trillion economic rescue package, thanks to an accommodating Federal Reserve and a financial slight-of-hand known as “monetizing the debt.”

1:50 a.m.
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Undocumented workers among those hit first — and worst — by coronavirus shutdown

Evilin Cano was dismantling a rooftop skating rink in Manhattan’s Seaport district when her construction crew was notified that the venue would be closing — and that she would be out of a job.

The next night, the 33-year-old undocumented day laborer from Guatemala fell ill with a fever and could not stop coughing or vomiting. She does not know whether she has covid-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, because three hospitals told her not to bother coming in for testing unless she is gasping for air.

The collapse of the U.S. economy has exposed the extreme vulnerabilities of millions of undocumented workers like Cano, who are disproportionately employed in industries undergoing mass layoffs as well as high-risk jobs that keep the economy running while many Americans self-isolate at home.

Read more here.

1:19 a.m.
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Bronx zoo tiger tests positive, believed to be first coronavirus-infected animal in the U.S.

Not even the largest cat species in the world is immune to the coronavirus: A tiger at the Bronx Zoo has tested positive, the Wildlife Conservation Society announced Sunday.

It is believed to be the first animal in the United States to contract covid-19.

The 4-year-old female named Nadia was among four tigers who exhibited a dry cough after being exposed to a zookeeper who was infected but asymptomatic. They have shown a loss of appetite and been placed under veterinary care at the zoo. Nadia is expected to recover.

According to the Conservation Society statement, the zoo has implemented “appropriate preventive measures” for those caring for the tigers as well as other cats living in the city’s other four urban wildlife parks.

“It is not known how this disease will develop in big cats since different species can react differently to novel infections, but we will continue to monitor them closely and anticipate full recoveries,” the society said.

In March, a pet dog in Hong Kong was diagnosed with “low-level” covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus. The dog’s owner had the virus.

The pandemic is believed to have originated from bats in the Chinese city of Wuhan.

12:43 a.m.
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Trump continues to push unproven drug as coronavirus treatment; government has stockpiled 29 million doses, he says

In the two weeks since President Trump first promoted hydroxychloroquine as a way to treat and prevent the novel coronavirus, he has continued to push the unproven drug during White House news briefings. And he did so Sunday, just minutes into an opening statement.

“What do I know? I’m not a doctor. I’m not a doctor,” Trump said. “But I have common sense. The FDA feels good about it, as you know, they approved it.”

The Food and Drug Administration has not approved hydroxychloroquine, or any other drug, to treat covid-19, the disease caused by the virus. It has given a limited emergency use authorization for hydroxychloroquine, which was popularized as a drug to treat and prevent malaria. A few small anecdotal studies suggest that the drug may relieve the disease’s acute respiratory symptoms and clear the virus, while health experts warn that its well-known side effects could become common with wide use.

Trump says the government has stockpiled 29 million doses of hydroxychloroquine and is sending them to labs, the military and hospitals “all over.” Vice President Pence later described conversations with officials in Michigan about a program in Detroit that will make hydroxychloroquine “widely available” as part of a study.

“I want people to live, and I’m seeing people dying,” Trump said when asked about promoting drugs including hydroxychloroquine. “And I’ve seen people that are going to die without it. You know the expression, when that’s happening, they should do it. What really do we have to lose?”

“We don’t have time to say, ‘Gee, let’s take a couple of years and test it out, and let’s go and test with the test tubes and the laboratories,’ ” Trump continued, adding that even if the drug does not work for the coronavirus, “it doesn’t kill people.”

A reporter tried to ask Anthony S. Fauci, the country’s top infectious-disease expert, about the matter. Fauci initially was not part of the Sunday briefing but was brought to the podium after a reporter asked to speak with him.

Trump cut in: “He has answered that question 15 times. You don’t have to answer that question.”

Christopher Rowland contributed to this report.

12:19 a.m.
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Wis. legislature under fire for decision to hold primary

Two members of the Wisconsin Elections Commission on Sunday denounced the Republican-led legislature for moving forward with the state’s primary this Tuesday, warning that the move will put the lives of Wisconsin residents at risk amid the spiraling coronavirus pandemic.

The two commissioners — Ann S. Jacobs and Mark L. Thomsen, both Democratic appointees — voiced their concerns in a letter to House Speaker Robin Vos (R) and Senate Majority Leader Scott L. Fitzgerald (R).

Read more here.

11:39 p.m.
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Navy to investigate ‘command climate’ and other circumstances surrounding outbreak on ship where captain was ousted

The Navy will conduct an inquiry into the events surrounding the disembarkation of sailors from a virus-stricken U.S. nuclear aircraft carrier where a captain was fired after voicing concerns.

“The preliminary inquiry will consider command climate and circumstances surrounding the response, including communication throughout the administrative and operational chains of command," Cmdr. Nathan Christensen said Sunday in a statement.

Christensen said recommendations and findings are expected to go to the Chief of Naval Operations on Monday.

More than 150 sailors on the USS Theodore Roosevelt have tested positive for the coronavirus.

Capt. Brett Crozier was removed from his post of command after sending a memo to superiors about the dangers facing the ship’s crew amid the outbreak and what he saw as insufficient measures to contain it. The memo was leaked to the San Francisco Chronicle.

Many have criticized the Navy’s response to the outbreak and Crozier’s letter. Democratic presidential candidate and former vice president Joe Biden called Crozier’s ouster “close to criminal,” while President Trump has defended it.

Crozier got a cheering send-off from crew members.

11:31 p.m.
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Apple has sourced 20 million masks and plans to distribute 1 million ‘face shields’ for medical workers

Apple has sourced more than 20 million protective masks through its supply chain around the world and has also developed “face shields for medical workers,” chief executive Tim Cook announced Sunday evening on Twitter.

The first batch of face shields was shipped last week to Kaiser hospitals in Santa Clara Valley, Calif., Cook said, and the feedback from doctors was positive. He said the company plans to ship 1 million by the end of this week and 1 million per week after that.

Apple is sourcing the face shields out of the United States and China and is focused on getting them to areas hit hardest by the novel coronavirus, according to Cook. He said that Apple is working with medical professionals and government officials to pinpoint those areas and added that the company hopes to quickly begin distributing internationally.

Cook said the face shields pack 100 per box and take less than two minutes to assemble.

10:33 p.m.
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Officials crack down as warm spring weather brings quarantine-weary crowds outdoors

Despite Britain's strict social distancing rules, videos on social media from April 3-5 showed people crowding sidewalks and sunbathing in the park. (The Washington Post)

Over the weekend, the warm weather beckoned hundreds of quarantine-weary souls to the outdoors and prompted officials across the United States to take strong measures against crowds.

Local officials had been warning about lapses in social distancing as measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus clash with typical springtime activities. Taking a proactive step before another sunny, 70-degree weekend, Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto (D) held a news conference Friday in which city officials reminded people to stay away from one another.

“We allowed ourselves to take a step backwards,” Peduto said. “We allowed ourselves to be tempted by beautiful weather, to gather outdoors in large numbers. We started to stay away from the social distancing, which is the only way we can win this war.”

Not all cities needed to be chided. In Louisville, local news reports described crowds of people who visited the Big Four Bridge but remained six feet apart while biking, running or walking.

Elsewhere, leaders had to crack down.

Late Saturday, D.C. Mayor Muriel E. Bowser (D) closed the Wharf Fish Market in Southwest Washington until April 24, the tentative last day of the city’s public health emergency. Orange emergency closure notices were plastered around the area after images of patrons packing the walkways surfaced online earlier in the day.

In Austin, parks and recreation officials sent out a tweet Friday announcing the shutdown of the popular gathering place Barton Springs, noting the lack of physical distance among parkgoers. In Massachusetts, officials forced the closure of many businesses around Salisbury Beach.

The lovely weather was to blame, according to police.

10:03 p.m.
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Washington state to send more than 400 ventilators to higher-risk states

Washington state is sending back more than 400 ventilators it received from the Strategic National Stockpile so the equipment can go to states with higher numbers of coronavirus cases, the governor said Sunday.

Washington recently purchased 750 ventilators that will arrive in the next few weeks, when the state expects to need them most, Gov. Jay Inslee (D) added in a news release, a day after Oregon Gov. Kate Brown sent 140 ventilators to New York.

“These ventilators are going to New York and other states hardest hit by this virus,” Inslee said in the news release. “I’ve said many times over the last few weeks, we are in this together. This should guide all of our actions at an individual and state level in the coming days and weeks.”

Raquel Bono, head of the state’s covid-19 health-care response team, praised the governor and residents for positioning themselves to aid others at this time.

As of Saturday evening, Washington had 7,591 confirmed coronavirus cases and 310 reported deaths related to the virus.

“Thanks to the mitigation efforts the governor has put in place and the cooperation of Washingtonians, we have seen fewer infections in our communities than anticipated,” Bono said. “Our current status allows us to help others who have a more immediate need.”

9:17 p.m.
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New York City expected to run out of ventilators Sunday. The mayor now says it has a couple more days.

New York City officials had expected to run out of ventilators as early as Sunday. Now, Mayor Bill de Blasio (D) said the city’s supply of the lifesaving machines will last an additional 48 to 72 hours.

Even so, the five boroughs of New York, the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak in the United States, still face a massive shortage.

“We thought as early as tonight there was a possibility of running out of crucial equipment like ventilators,” de Blasio said in an address from City Hall. “Now I can tell you, and this is certainly good news, we have bought a few more days here.”

According to the mayor, the number of patients being intubated daily has held steady at 200 to 300. City officials estimate that about 4,000 covid-19 patients are on ventilators. Given those numbers, the city’s stash will last until Tuesday or Wednesday, authorities said.

“I called for everyone else to come to our aid, and the good news is our call was heard and acted on in so many ways,” said de Blasio, who also reported a sharp increase in the number of military medical personnel arriving in the city to offer assistance. “It means that the ventilators that we’ve gotten are going to stretch farther than we originally projected.”

Still, officials say, only 135 ventilators remain in reserve for rapid deployment in a city of 8.6 million people. And after the 48- to 72-hour window is up, de Blasio said, the city will need 1,000 to 1,500 more ventilators from Wednesday to April 12.

9:06 p.m.
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Ireland’s prime minister to return to practicing medicine as doctors countrywide come out of retirement, report says

Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar will return to practicing medicine, volunteering for his country’s Health Service Executive one day a week, according to a report from the Irish Times.

According to the Times, Varadkar, who studied medicine and was a practicing physician for seven years before going into politics, is expected to help conduct screening calls for those who may have been exposed to the novel coronavirus before they visit medical facilities.

The Times reports that Varadkar re-registered in March, around when Ireland put out a call for retired health-care workers to return to the field as the government braced for a predicted 15,000 coronavirus cases. Within days, the country’s health system had received responses from more than 24,000 people. Other countries hit hard by the virus, including Italy and the United States, also have put out calls for medical professionals to come back to work as the influx of cases takes a massive toll on medical personnel.

Ireland, like much of Europe, has imposed strict regulations on civilians to stem the spread of the virus, instructing them to stay inside unless they have a “reasonable excuse.” The country of more than 4.8 million people has more than 4,900 confirmed cases of the coronavirus and more than 150 deaths.