A map in a previous version of this article did not include the 1949 Green Line surrounding Mount Scopus and mistakenly referred to Mount Scopus as an Israeli settlement. The map has been corrected to reflect the area's status.
Riots and physical fights between Jewish and Arab Israelis have also broken out in cities and towns across Israel, prompting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to threaten to use military force to quash the “anarchy.”
The conflict followed weeks of clashes and demonstrations amid rising tensions in Jerusalem. On the morning of May 10, hundreds of Palestinians were injured in a police raid on the al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem, one of the holiest sites in Islam. By the evening, militants in the Gaza Strip had fired rockets toward Jerusalem for the first time in years, and Israel responded with airstrikes.
A confluence of factors — some decades old, others more immediate — contributed to the worst violence in years.
Here’s what you need to know.