Arab Israelis are rising up to protest. Here’s what you need to know about their status in the country.

Arab Israelis at a funeral for a protester killed by police in the Israeli city of Lod on Tuesday. (AFP/Getty Images)

As violence in Israel and the Gaza Strip escalates, Arab citizens of Israel have taken to the streets for the largest mass protests seen in decades.

Those demonstrations have increasingly given way to violent unrest. On Wednesday night, a large group of Israelis pulled a man believed to be Arab from his car and beat him. Windows of Arab-owned businesses have been smashed, while Arabs have attacked synagogues and shops.

Many of the Arab Israelis taking part in the uprisings are angered not only by the ongoing airstrikes against Palestinians but also their own sense of being second-class citizens.

Some Israelis worry that the clashes between Jewish and Arab citizens will cause irreparable harm to the social fabric or could even trigger a civil war. Here is what you need to know about the history of Arab citizens of Israel and the conditions they face as a minority group.

As rival gangs of Jews and Arabs clash on streets, fears mount of irreparable damage to Israeli society