Maps of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

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The battle for eastern Ukraine is becoming increasingly bloody, with up to 100 Ukrainian fighters killed each day, according to President Volodymyr Zelensky. The situation is especially dire in Severodonetsk — one of the last major cities in eastern Luhansk region still in Kyiv’s control — with a high-ranking official saying it is becoming “a new Mariupol.”

Read more: Updates from key battlegrounds

Ukraine’s Donbas region

Russia’s offensive in eastern Ukraine, known collectively as Donbas, has long been a flash point for conflict between the two countries. Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly invoked the idea of Donbas’s distinctive regional identity as a basis to “defend” its Russian-speaking people inside Ukraine.

Parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions were already ruled by separatists loyal to Moscow before Russia launched its latest invasion in February. Since then, U.S. officials say Russian forces have not made much progress militarily in Donbas; one official described the progress as “anemic.” Read more.

RUSSIA

Belgorod

Valuyki

50 MILES

Kharkiv

Russian-held

areas

Starobilsk

LUHANSK

Krasnohrad

Izyum

Severodonetsk

UKRAINE

Slovyansk

Luhansk

Kramatorsk

Separatist-

Horlivka

Dnipro

controlled

Shakhty

Donetsk

—Dnieper R.

area

DONETSK

Zaporizhzhia

Rostov-on-Don

Taganrog

Mariupol

Russian-held

areas

RUSSIA

Yeysk

Berdyansk

Melitopol

Control areas as of May 8

Sources: Institute for the Study of War, AEI’s Critical Threats Project

THE WASHINGTON POST

Russian-held areas as of May 8

RUSSIA

Belgorod

Valuyki

Kharkiv

UKRAINE

LUHANSK

Izyum

Severodonetsk

50 MILES

Slovyansk

Luhansk

Kramatorsk

Separatist-

Dnipro

controlled

area

—Dnieper R.

Donetsk

DONETSK

Zaporizhzhia

Rostov-

on-Don

Mariupol

Melitopol

RUSSIA

Sources: Institute for the Study of War, AEI’s Critical Threats Project

THE WASHINGTON POST

Russian-held areas as of May 8

RUSSIA

Belgorod

Valuyki

Kharkiv

UKRAINE

LUHANSK

Izyum

Severodonetsk

Slovyansk

Luhansk

Dnipro

Donetsk

—Dnieper

DONETSK

Separatist-

controlled

area

Zaporizhzhia

Mariupol

Melitopol

RUSSIA

50 MILES

Sources: Institute for the Study of War

THE WASHINGTON POST

Ukrainians rush to cross to neighboring countries

Fighting throughout the country has driven nearly 6 million people from Ukraine into neighboring countries, the U.N. refugee agency said. According to border police authorities, the majority of Ukrainians are fleeing to Poland.

Men ages 18 to 60 are barred from leaving the country after President Volodymyr Zelensky’s call to take up arms and defend the country against the Russian invaders.

After weeks of attempted evacuations, more than 125,000 Ukrainian civilians have been able to use humanitarian corridors to leave bombarded cities, according to a video address by Zelensky.

Why Russia’s military is bogged down by logistics in Ukraine

Russia had earlier proposed routes leading to Russia or Belarus, which were rejected by Ukraine. Ukrainian officials have accused Russian troops of repeatedly bombarding convoys of food and medicine trying to reach the besieged city of Mariupol.

Humanitarian corridors proposed by Russia

Corridors to other regions of Ukraine

Corridors to Russia or Belarus

Russian-held areas

BELARUS

RUSSIA

Gomel

Sumy

Belgorod

Kyiv

Kharkiv

Poltava

UKRAINE

Separatist-

controlled

area

Zaporizhzhia

Mariupol

Kherson

Rostov-

on-Don

Odessa

Crimea

Annexed by Russia

in 2014

100 MILES

Black Sea

Control areas as of March 7.

Routes are approximate.

Sources: Institute for the Study of War; Post reporting, Russian Ministry of Defense

Humanitarian corridors proposed by Russia

Corridors to Russia or Belarus

Corridors to other regions of Ukraine

Russian-held areas

RUSSIA

BELARUS

Gomel

Sumy

Belgorod

Kyiv

Kharkiv

Poltava

UKRAINE

Separatist-

controlled

area

Zaporizhzhia

Mariupol

Rostov-

on-Don

ROMANIA

Kherson

Odessa

100 MILES

Crimea

Annexed by Russia

in 2014

Black

Sea

Control areas as of March 7. Routes are approximate.

Sources: Institute for the Study of War; Post reporting, Russian Ministry of Defense

Nearly three million people have left Ukraine, foreshadowing a massive humanitarian crisis

Dylan Moriarty, Artur Galocha, Joe Fox, Harry Stevens, Hannah Dormido, Laris Karklis, Lauren Tierney, Tim Meko, Simon Ducroquet, Júlia Ledur, Adrián Blanco and N. Kirkpatrick contributed to this report.

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