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Poland’s two largest cities warn they can no longer absorb Ukrainian refugees

Ukrainian refugees arrived weary but relieved at the Polish border on March 9. They then boarded buses that would take them to the next stop on their journey. (Video: Zoeann Murphy, Jorge Ribas/The Washington Post)

Officials in Poland’s two largest cities have warned that they can no longer cope with the waves of refugees fleeing Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The mayors of both Warsaw, the capital, and Krakow, Poland’s second largest city, said that they are struggling to accommodate the sheer number of people who are arriving — and urged the United Nations and European Union to intervene.

More than 2.5 million Ukrainians have fled to neighboring countries since the war started on Feb. 24, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. The vast majority — 1.5 million people — have sought refuge in Poland, with smaller numbers fleeing to other countries such as Hungary, Moldova and Slovakia.

More than 2 million people have left Ukraine, foreshadowing a massive humanitarian crisis

The head of UNHCR, Filippo Grandi, said the Ukraine exodus was “the fastest-growing refugee crisis in Europe since World War II.”

And with few signs that the war would abate, the agency has warned that an estimated 4 million people could flee Ukraine.

In a Facebook post Friday, Krakow Mayor Jacek Majchrowski said that his government would begin sending Ukrainian refugees to accommodation outside the city, including in the surrounding province of Małopolska.

“In the last several days, we have already received approx. 100,000 war refugees. Krakow is slowly losing its ability to accommodate further waves,” Majchrowski said.

“We have been helping Ukraine since the first days of the war, but as a local government, we are first responsible for the citizens,” he said, adding that more arrivals could hinder “the functioning of the city.”

Krakow has a population of about 780,000.

But in Warsaw, whose population is roughly 1.7 million, Mayor Rafał Trzaskowski also said Friday that his city “remains the main destination for Ukrainian refugees” and that roughly 300,000 have arrived so far.

The “situation is getting more and more difficult every day,” he said on Twitter. Local media reported that Trzaskowski urged the U.N. and European Union to intervene and support Polish cities grappling with the crisis.

Most refugees want to stay near the border or in major cities, a spokeswoman for the Krakow mayor said Thursday, local media reported. But the influx, she said, has become “a huge organizational problem for the city.”

As trains of Ukrainian refugees arrive in Berlin, E.U. offers warm but ‘temporary’ welcome

Majchrowski said that Ukrainian-speaking officials and volunteers would be posted at Krakow’s main railway station around-the-clock to assist new refugees.

On Twitter, Trzaskowski put out a call for donations for Warsaw’s efforts.

“Warsaw stands and will #StandWithUkraine. Support. Donate,” he tweeted.

War in Ukraine: What you need to know

The latest: Russian President Vladimir Putin signed decrees Friday to annex four occupied regions of Ukraine, following staged referendums that were widely denounced as illegal. Follow our live updates here.

The response: The Biden administration on Friday announced a new round of sanctions on Russia, in response to the annexations, targeting government officials and family members, Russian and Belarusian military officials and defense procurement networks. President Volodymyr Zelensky also said Friday that Ukraine is applying for “accelerated ascension” into NATO, in an apparent answer to the annexations.

In Russia: Putin declared a military mobilization on Sept. 21 to call up as many as 300,000 reservists in a dramatic bid to reverse setbacks in his war on Ukraine. The announcement led to an exodus of more than 180,000 people, mostly men who were subject to service, and renewed protests and other acts of defiance against the war.

The fight: Ukraine mounted a successful counteroffensive that forced a major Russian retreat in the northeastern Kharkiv region in early September, as troops fled cities and villages they had occupied since the early days of the war and abandoned large amounts of military equipment.

Photos: Washington Post photographers have been on the ground from the beginning of the war — here’s some of their most powerful work.

How you can help: Here are ways those in the U.S. can support the Ukrainian people as well as what people around the world have been donating.

Read our full coverage of the Russia-Ukraine war. Are you on Telegram? Subscribe to our channel for updates and exclusive video.