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Nearly two-thirds of Ukrainian children displaced by war, U.N. says

Children wave from a train at Slovyansk central station in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine on Tuesday. Ukrainian leaders there have asked civilians to evacuate ahead of an anticipated Russian offensive in the area. (Ronaldo Schemidt/AFP/Getty Images)

An earlier version of this article provided an incorrect spelling of a city in Ukraine. It is Vinnytsia, not Vinnystria. The article has been corrected.

Nearly two-thirds of all Ukrainian children have been forced from their homes since the start of the Russian invasion, according to UNICEF.

“They have been forced to leave everything behind: their homes, their schools and often their family members,” Manuel Fontaine, emergency programs director for the United Nations children’s agency, told the U.N. Security Council on Monday. The figure includes children who were displaced internally as they left hard-hit areas and those who have fled the country since the war began.

More than 90 percent of the 4.5 million Ukrainians who fled the country are women and children, Fontaine said.

“Hundreds of schools and educational facilities have been attacked or used for military purposes,” he said. At least 142 children have been killed in the war, according to the United Nations, which acknowledges that its figures are incomplete.

Fontaine, who went to Ukraine last week, said of the invasion: “In my 31 years as a humanitarian, I have rarely seen so much damage caused in so little time.”

During his 10-day trip, Fontaine visited Lviv in western Ukraine, Vinnytsia in central Ukraine and Dnipro and Zaporizhzhia in the southeast. The war “continues to be a nightmare for Ukraine’s children,” he said at a news conference Monday.

Children “have been hurt in the very places where they should be safest — their homes, emergency shelters, even hospitals,” he said.

At one hospital Fontaine visited in Zaporizhzhia, he said, the director told him that doctors have treated 22 children who had lost limbs because of the violence.

More than 3 million people have been forced to flee Ukraine; more than half are children. Their parents are trying to explain the war to them. (Video: Zoeann Murphy/The Washington Post)

Families are risking their lives as they attempt to flee, he added, pointing to the Russian attack last week on the Kramatorsk train station, where civilians — including children — were killed as they waited to evacuate.

The majority of Ukrainian families who have managed to flee the country have gone to Poland, which has taken in more than 2.5 million refugees. Refugees are also crossing into Romania, Hungary and Moldova, among other countries. The European Union has granted Ukrainians temporary protection status that gives them the right to live and work in member states for up to three years. The refugees are also eligible to receive social welfare, housing, health care and schooling.

UNICEF has warned that children fleeing the war face a heightened risk of human trafficking and exploitation amid the chaos. Hundreds of children have crossed into neighboring countries unaccompanied, making them especially vulnerable.

In a statement Tuesday, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said that it is “impossible to gauge how many Ukrainian refugee women and children might have been preyed upon by traffickers” but that so far, “known cases are thankfully few."

The agency called on governments to scale up child protection systems to support the influx of Ukrainian children. It said it was also increasing its support for national authorities to combat trafficking and would help establish safe stopping points for refugees in countries neighboring Ukraine.

The fate of those who remain in Ukraine has been the subject of global concern and protest in Europe, as more reports emerge of Russian attacks on civilian buildings sheltering children. Russia bombed a theater in the besieged city of Mariupol last month where hundreds of civilians had taken refuge.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken referenced the theater — where “children” in Russian had been painted on the ground outside — when he accused Moscow of war crimes last month. Russian forces have also been accused of firing on cars of people trying to escape cities under attack, even when those cars have “children” scrawled on the windows.

Fontaine warned that children across Ukraine face “severely curtailed access” to services like health care, water and education. UNICEF is pre-positioning supplies across eastern Ukraine, which is bracing for a renewed Russian offensive, and sending cash to 52,000 households.

Facing a funding gap of about $59 million as of last week, the agency is appealing for more money to help address the “rapidly deteriorating humanitarian situation,” Fontaine said.

War in Ukraine: What you need to know

The latest: Russia fired at least 85 missiles on at least six major cities in Ukraine on November 15, in one of the most widespread attacks of the war so far. The strikes came just hours after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, speaking by video link, presented a 10-point peace plan to G-20 leaders at a summit in Indonesia. As in previous Russian missile attacks, critical civilian infrastructure appeared to be primary targets. Parts of several cities that were hit were left without electrical power on Tuesday afternoon.

Russia’s Gamble: The Post examined the road to war in Ukraine, and Western efforts to unite to thwart the Kremlin’s plans, through extensive interviews with more than three dozen senior U.S., Ukrainian, European and NATO officials.

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