The Washington PostDemocracy Dies in Darkness

Pakistan reels from ‘apocalyptic’ floods, pleads for international aid

Pakistani officials said Aug. 28 that the historic flooding in the country has killed more than 1,000 people since mid-June and affected more than 30 million. (Video: Reuters)
5 min

Multistory hotels crumbling into rising waters. Surging waves crashing into elevated roads and bridges. Millions of people driven from their homes.

Showing videos of what they called “apocalyptic” floods currently sweeping their country, Pakistan’s leaders, led by Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif, pleaded Tuesday for aid from developed nations, which they said were responsible for bringing extreme weather to one of the world’s most vulnerable regions.

“I can say without any fear of contradiction, this flood situation is probably the worst in the history of Pakistan,” Sharif said.

The South Asian country of about 220 million people is now facing an unprecedented crisis after eight consecutive weeks of heavy rainfall. The floods have killed 1,100 people, affected more than 33 million residents, wiped out 1 million homes and destroyed about 2,200 miles of roads, Pakistani officials said Tuesday. Nearly 500,000 people are in displacement camps, and many others have nowhere to go.

The death toll and economic burden are expected to rise, adding stress to an economically fragile and politically divided country.

“We want to showcase this to the developed world in particular,” Ahsan Iqbal, the minister for planning and development, told reporters in Islamabad. “The quality of life that people in the West are enjoying today, someone is paying the price in the developing world.”

In southern Sindh province’s Khairpur, one of the hardest-hit districts, Zahid Ali Jalalani, a 35-year-old farmer, experienced nonstop rain for the past two months. The water level in his village was rising slowly at first. Then came the flood.

One night last week, as he rested with his wife and two children in their single room home, a nearby canal burst, crashing into houses. Some parts of his village were instantly submerged under 10 feet of water.

“At one time it seemed as if the walls were shaking, as if there was an earthquake,” he said. “I thought this was the day of judgment, our last hours alive.”

As the water receded, Jalalani ran into the darkness to help villagers save residents, some of whom were trapped with water up to their necks. About 250 villagers were injured when their walls caved in. One man drowned in his home.

Now, hundreds of people from his village are living in a makeshift camp that lacks tents, food and medicine, Jalalani said. “We are living, thank God, but in terrible conditions,” he said. “But people are not willing to go back. Even those whose houses are still standing, they think they could collapse at any time.”

The growing number of extreme weather events around the world is caused by the planet’s rising temperatures, weather experts say. Higher temperatures mean more water in the air: For every degree of warmer temperature, the air can hold about 4 percent more water, leading to torrential rainfall.

Pakistani officials said Tuesday that the country experienced a slew of abnormal weather events this year. Four heat waves came immediately after the winter, leading to a year “without spring.” The heat scorched crops. But in recent weeks, parts of Pakistan experienced about four times more rainfall than the 30-year average. In Sindh, the city of Karachi has seen 48 inches of rainfall in the past two months. The financial hub, which has a desert climate, usually sees less than 10 inches of rainfall per year.

Catastrophic flooding in Pakistan leaves families stranded without aid

Sherry Rehman, Pakistan’s climate minister, said the government has been distributing water pumps to Karachi in recent weeks, but the equipment has been overwhelmed.

“Where do you drain the water?” she said. “It’s an ocean. It’s a merciless sky.”

The flooding comes at a particularly difficult time for Pakistan.

Even before the floods, Pakistan faced a steep fall in foreign exchange because of soaring global commodity prices and a rise in the U.S. dollar. The cost of electricity and food has soared. Pakistan has sought a bailout from the International Monetary Fund, which approved the request on Monday and released $1.1 billion to the country.

The flood is expected to add $10 billion worth of damage to the teetering economy.

On Tuesday, the United States Agency for International Development announced $30 million in humanitarian aid, adding to a United Nations contribution of $3 million last week. The U.N. said it was also launching a new flood relief plan for Pakistan, as its officials echoed calls for greater contributions from around the world.

“This super flood is driven by climate change — the causes are international, and so the response calls for international solidarity,” said Julien Harneis, the U.N. humanitarian coordinator in Pakistan.

Pakistani officials, who have been criticized domestically for not doing enough to respond to the floods, rebuffed the criticism and said no amount of planning would have mitigated the disaster. The country was experiencing a preview of the extreme weather that will eventually hit elsewhere in the world, said Rehman, the climate minister.

“We are literally on the front lines of unfolding climate catastrophe,” she said. “It will happen to others later. It’s time we all took notice.”

Shih reported from New Delhi, Hussain from Islamabad and Jeong from Seoul. Susannah George in Kabul contributed to this report.