Russian President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday called Western sanctions “stupid” and threatened to halt all energy sales to Russia’s critics if they move forward with a cap on oil prices proposed by the Group of Seven industrialized economic powers.
But in the West’s own defiant rejoinder, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Wednesday reiterated that the European Union intends to break Russia’s grip on global energy markets and would press ahead with caps on both oil and natural gas prices.
“Not only because Russia is an unreliable supplier, as we have witnessed in the last days, weeks, months, but also because Russia is actively manipulating the gas market,” von der Leyen told reporters in Brussels. “I am deeply convinced that with our unity, our determination, our solidarity, we will prevail.”
In his combative, at times scornful, remarks, Putin said he expects his country to emerge stronger from the war in Ukraine, and he issued threats meant to pressure the West to ease sanctions imposed on Russia since its invasion began Feb. 24.
“I’m sure we have not lost anything and will not lose anything,” Putin said. “The main thing is strengthening our sovereignty, and this is the inevitable result of what is happening now.”
Putin declared that Russia would press on with its military action in Ukraine, and he said “the polarization” produced by the conflict would only benefit Russia as it cleanses “harmful” elements inside the country.
Western intelligence agencies estimate that Russia has lost tens of thousands of soldiers in the six-plus months of the war and a vast amount of military equipment that the country is struggling to replace. The Russian campaign has stalled in recent weeks, and Ukraine, although still heavily outmatched, is mounting counteroffensives in the south and the eastern Donbas region aimed at recapturing occupied territory.
As punishment for the Russian invasion, which initially sought — and failed — to capture the capital of Kyiv and topple the government of President Volodymyr Zelensky, Western powers have imposed an extraordinary barrage of economic sanctions and export control measures aimed at crippling Russia’s economy. But the results have fallen short of expectations as energy prices soared and Russia redirected sales of gas and oil to Asia.
Speaking on Wednesday, Putin called the price caps on oil and gas proposed by the G-7 “stupid” and said they would only further destabilize European economies. He also threatened that Russia would walk away from the existing supply contracts if the caps took effect.
“Will there be any political decisions that contradict the contracts? Yes, we won’t fulfill them. We will not supply anything at all if it contradicts our interests,” Putin said, underscoring Moscow’s turn toward Asian markets.
On Friday, Gazprom, the Russian state-owned gas behemoth that operates critical pipelines supplying Europe, indefinitely halted the flow to Germany through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline, which accounted for about 35 percent of all European gas imports from Russia last year.
In a further ominous development, Russian officials and pro-Kremlin Telegram channels this week have widely shared a video purportedly showing Europe freezing in winter. The clip shows a Gazprom employee walking toward a turned-off gas valve, followed by scenes of a snow-covered city. Online sleuths identified the frozen city as Krasnoyarsk in Siberia, which does not use natural gas but suffers from air pollution as a result of coal-fired power plants.
In his speech, Putin rejected the E.U. accusation that Russia is using energy as a weapon, and he reiterated Russia’s prior assertion that technical problems caused the pipe to break down, complaining that the West was not providing a crucially needed turbine to repair it.
“Nord Stream 1 is practically closed now,” Putin said Wednesday. “There is an oil leak there — it’s a possibly explosive situation, a fire hazard. … Give us a turbine, and we will turn on Nord Stream 1 tomorrow. But they don’t give us anything.”
Putin, however, craftily offered that Moscow was ready to “press the button” and pump gas “as early as tomorrow” through the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, which Germany has blocked from beginning operation, much to the Kremlin’s fury.
The Russian leader also dangled restrictions on another crucial European import over which Moscow has leverage: grain.
Putin claimed that most of the grain recently released from Ukrainian ports thanks to a Turkey-brokered deal to end a Russian blockade was going to the European Union instead of developing nations.
Accusing the West of “colonial” behavior, Putin said grain shipments to Europe should be cut off.
“Once again, they simply deceived the developing countries and continue to deceive them. … With this approach, the scale of food problems in the world will only grow,” Putin said. “Maybe we should think about restricting that route for grain and trade food? I’ll definitely consult with the Turkish president.”
Putin scoffed at suggestions that the impact of Western sanctions would devastate the Russian economy, noting that it would contract only by “around 2 percent or a little more” and that Russia’s 2022 budget would be in surplus.
“Russia is coping with the economic, financial and technological aggression of the West,” Putin said. “We have passed the peak of the most difficulties, and the situation is normalizing.”
These assessments contradicted Russian policymakers at the Bank of Russia and the Ministry of Economic Development, which recently said that while the economy has held up better than expected so far, 2023 could be far more challenging as the effects of more sanctions are felt.
“No matter how much someone wants to isolate Russia, it is impossible to do,” Putin said. “You just need to look at the map.”
The Eastern Economic Forum, which is held annually in Vladivostok to promote investment opportunities in Russia’s Far East, boasted few Western guests this year.
At Wednesday’s plenary, Putin sat next to Myanmar’s junta leader, Min Aung Hlaing, who has been sanctioned by the United States for human rights violations. In August, Myanmar announced it planned to import oil from Russia, and this week, Min Aung Hlaing told Putin that the country was prepared to pay for the imports in Russian rubles.
China’s top legislator, Li Zhanshu, and high-ranking officials from Armenia and Mongolia also attended the forum. Russia’s ambassador to Beijing, Andrey Denisov, announced Wednesday that Putin was set to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of a summit in Uzbekistan next week, in their first face-to-face encounter since the invasion of Ukraine.
War in Ukraine: What you need to know
The latest: Russia fired at least 85 missiles on at least six major cities in Ukraine on November 15, in one of the most widespread attacks of the war so far. The strikes came just hours after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, speaking by video link, presented a 10-point peace plan to G-20 leaders at a summit in Indonesia. As in previous Russian missile attacks, critical civilian infrastructure appeared to be primary targets. Parts of several cities that were hit were left without electrical power on Tuesday afternoon.
Russia’s Gamble: The Post examined the road to war in Ukraine, and Western efforts to unite to thwart the Kremlin’s plans, through extensive interviews with more than three dozen senior U.S., Ukrainian, European and NATO officials.
Photos: Washington Post photographers have been on the ground from the beginning of the war — here’s some of their most powerful work.