Where Queen Elizabeth II’s face appeared on bank notes worldwide

1930

‘40

‘50

‘60

‘70

‘80

‘90

‘00

‘10

‘20

Canada

Belize*

Bermuda

Hong Kong

Cyprus

Sri Lanka

Southern Rhodesia

(Zimbabwe)

Eastern Caribbean States

Bahamas

Fiji

Trinidad & Tobago

Barbados

Malta

Guyana

East Africa

British Virgin Islands

Malaya & North Borneo

Mauritius

Seychelles

Rhodesia & Nyasaland

(Zambia & Malawi)

Great Britain

Falkland Islands

Isle of Man

Jamaica

Australia

Jersey

Rhodesia

New Zealand

Cayman Islands

Gibraltar

St. Helena

Solomon Islands

Guernsey

1926 Elizabeth is born

1953 Elizabeth is coronated

1977 Silver Jubilee marks 25 years of rule

2022 Elizabeth dies at the age of 96

1930

‘40

‘50

‘60

‘70

‘80

‘90

‘00

‘10

‘20

Canada

Belize*

Bermuda

Hong Kong

Cyprus

Sri Lanka

Southern Rhodesia

(Zimbabwe)

Eastern Caribbean States

Bahamas

Fiji

Trinidad & Tobago

Barbados

Malta

Guyana

East Africa

British Virgin Islands

Malaya & North Borneo

Mauritius

Seychelles

Rhodesia & Nyasaland

(Zambia & Malawi)

Great Britain

Falkland Islands

Isle of Man

Jamaica

Australia

Jersey

Rhodesia

New Zealand

Cayman Islands

Gibraltar

St. Helena

Solomon Islands

Guernsey

1926 Elizabeth is born

1953 Elizabeth is coronated

1977 Silver Jubilee marks 25 years of rule

2022 Elizabeth dies at the age of 96

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

Canada

Belize (including British Honduras*)

Bermuda

Hong Kong

Cyprus

Hong Kong circulated Elizabeth’s likeness

on a 1 cent note until just before it became

a special dministrative region in 1997.

Sri Lanka

Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Eastern Caribbean States

Bahamas

These countries**

formed a currency board

in 1950. They continue

to print Elizabeth’s

likeness.

Fiji

Trinidad & Tobago

Barbados

Malta

Guyana

Dozens of British colonies gained

independence in the decades following

World War II. But removing images of the

monarchy from bank notes sometimes

took years.

East Africa

British Virgin Islands

Malaya & North Borneo

Mauritius

Seychelles

Rhodesia & Nyasaland (Zambia & Malawi)

Great Britain

Falkland Islands

In 1960, Elizabeth becomes

the first monarch to appear on

a British bank note after

approval from the U.K. treasury.

Isle of Man

Jamaica

Australia

Jersey

Rhodesia

New Zealand

Cayman Islands

Gibraltar

Australia and New Zealand continue to

circulate Elizabeth’s image on their currency,

as they prepare to issue bank notes

featuring King Charles III.

St. Helena

Solomon Islands

Guernsey

1926 Elizabeth is born

1977 Silver Jubilee marks 25 years of rule

1953 Elizabeth is coronated

2022 Elizabeth dies at the age of 96

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

Canada

Belize (including British Honduras*)

Bermuda

Hong Kong

Cyprus

Hong Kong circulated Elizabeth’s likeness on a 1 cent note

until just before it became a special administrative region in 1997.

Sri Lanka

Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Eastern Caribbean States

Bahamas

These countries**

formed a currency board

in 1950. They continue

to print Elizabeth’s likeness.

Fiji

Trinidad & Tobago

Barbados

Malta

Guyana

Dozens of British colonies gained independence in the

decades following World War II. But removing images

of the monarchy from bank notes sometimes took years.

East Africa

British Virgin Islands

Malaya & North Borneo

Mauritius

Seychelles

Rhodesia & Nyasaland (Zambia & Malawi)

Great Britain

Falkland Islands

Isle of Man

In 1960, Elizabeth becomes the

first monarch to appear on a

British bank note after

approval from the U.K. treasury.

Jamaica

Australia

Jersey

Rhodesia

New Zealand

Cayman Islands

Australia and New Zealand continue to

circulate Elizabeth’s image on their currency,

as they prepare to issue bank notes

featuring King Charles III.

Gibraltar

St. Helena

Solomon Islands

Guernsey

1926 Elizabeth is born

1977 Silver Jubilee marks 25 years of rule

1953 Elizabeth is coronated

2022 Elizabeth dies at the age of 96

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

Canada

Belize (including British Honduras*)

Bermuda

Hong Kong

Cyprus

Hong Kong circulated Elizabeth’s likeness on a 1 cent note

until just before it became a special administrative region in 1997.

Sri Lanka

Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Eastern Caribbean States

Bahamas

Fiji

Trinidad & Tobago

These countries** formed

a currency board in 1950.

They continue to print

Elizabeth’s likeness.

Barbados

Malta

Dozens of British colonies gained independence in the

decades following World War II. But removing images

of the monarchy from bank notes sometimes took years.

Guyana

East Africa

British Virgin Islands

Malaya & North Borneo

Mauritius

Seychelles

Rhodesia & Nyasaland (Zambia & Malawi)

Great Britain

Falkland Islands

Isle of Man

In 1960, Elizabeth becomes the first monarch

to appear on a British bank note after

approval from the U.K. treasury.

Jamaica

Australia

Jersey

Rhodesia

New Zealand

Cayman Islands

Gibraltar

Australia and New Zealand continue to

circulate Elizabeth’s image on their currency,

as they prepare to issue bank notes

featuring King Charles III.

St. Helena

Solomon Islands

Guernsey

1926 Elizabeth is born

1953 Elizabeth is coronated

1977 Silver Jubilee marks 25 years of rule

2022 Elizabeth dies at the age of 96

On paper, the Queen lives on. While Queen Elizabeth II reigned as the British monarch for 70 years, her face has been in print for far longer. Since 1935, her likeness has graced the creases of bank notes in Canada. In more than 30 countries and territories, treasuries printed her majesty from 1 cent notes in Hong Kong to $20 bills in New Zealand.

Use of the monarch’s portrait peaked around the 1960s. Though she became queen the decade prior, it wasn’t until 1960 when she appeared on Britain’s currency, She was the first monarch to be featured on Bank of England notes thanks to special permission from the British treasury.

Because of the history of the British Empire, the introduction of the Queen’s image to bank notes in British-held territories and colonies – like many Caribbean islands and Hong Kong – was in many ways a fait accompli. But in many of these nations, her image endured through sovereign independence movements, at least for a time, maintaining her symbolic legacy as the head of an aged global empire.

Her face has been printed on currency on every continent except Antarctica, where there is no centralized bank.

With the queen’s death, the future of her image on currency around the world is up in the air. Bank notes featuring her in Australia, New Zealand and Canada will update with the new monarch, King Charles III, but the process will take some time.

The Bank of Canada said its current $20 banknote is designed “to circulate for years to come.” The Reserve Bank of New Zealand said it will issue all of its stock of coins depicting the queen before new ones go out with King Charles’ image.

Queen Elizabeth II is dead, but will live on as cryptocurrency

For Britain itself, the Bank of England’s governor reassured the public in a statement, saying that “current bank notes featuring the image of Her Majesty The Queen will continue to be legal tender.”

In Antigua and Barbuda leaders plan to hold referendums within the coming years on officially casting off the monarchy. Whether they continue to circulate the queen’s image on their currency likely depends on if they remain members of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank. Many former outposts of the British Empire have been engaged in a public reckoning over the legacies of colonialism, and part of that dialogue is how they represent members of the British royalty on legal tender.

For much of the last century, the queen’s face has become emblematic for Britain. Though it’s hard to imagine Charles’s likeness attaining Elizabeth’s global stature, the past may tell us what’s in the future.

For instance, in the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, the queen shares opposite sides of a five pence coin with Jonathan the giant tortoise, a local resident. At approximately 191 years of age, this ancient reptile has seen the reigns of eight British monarchs end: King William IV; Queen Victoria; King Edward VII; King George; King Edward VIII; King George VI; and Elizabeth.

An update may be in store after Charles’s coronation.

* Up until 1973, Belize was under the name British Honduras. Both British Honduras and Belize have currency featuring the queen; therefore, they are listed together.

** The Eastern Caribbean States are former British Caribbean territories and include six countries and two British overseas territories: Antigua and Barbuda; Dominica; Grenada; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines; Anguilla; and Montserrat. Barbados, The British Virgin Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, and Guyana have adopted East Caribbean dollars at some point but withdrew, so they are listed separately.

Bank note data and images from the Standard Catalog of World Paper Money and the Royal Mint. Inspired by a 2015 Washington Post graphic by Weiyi Cai.

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