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Four times as tall as the Statue of Liberty: India’s new monument to its ‘Iron Man’

The Statue of Unity, a tribute to Indian independence-era leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, will be inaugurated Wednesday by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and will be the world's tallest statue.
The Statue of Unity, a tribute to Indian independence-era leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, will be inaugurated Wednesday by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and will be the world's tallest statue. (Photo by Ajit Solanki/AP/Illustration by William Neff/The Washington Post)
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NEW DELHI — It is four times as tall as the Statue of Liberty.

So big, in fact, that it will give India bragging rights to the world’s tallest statue — a nearly 600-foot creation that says as much about India’s global aspirations as it does about the political ego of its leader.

It may seem like a natural choice for an outsize tribute.

India’s new Statue of Unity, which will be formally unveiled Wednesday, depicts Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, an independence-era leader credited with uniting the fledgling nation in the 1940s when he served as India’s first home minister.

But the homage to Patel has far deeper symbolism. 

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended a ceremony Oct. 31 to unveil the world's tallest statue, which is nearly 600 feet tall and valued at $408 million. (Video: Reuters)

Patel, known as India’s “Iron Man,” has become a right-wing icon for Hindu nationalists. And the statue is located in the western state of Gujarat, which has been the site of some of the fiercest clashes between Hindus and Muslims in past decades.

The $408 million gold-colored colossus also spills over into ­present-day politics. It is considered a trifecta for Prime Minister Narendra Modi: a nod to his Hindu political base, a landmark site in his home state, and a showcase of the nation’s growing prosperity and status as a rising global power. 

“This memorial to Sardar is going to become a worldwide tourist attraction,” Modi boasted in a promotional video in Hindi about the statue. “See our height, measure this nation’s height. This is what we want.”

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Hindol Sengupta, who wrote a Patel biography, said projects such as the statue are Modi’s way of trumpeting India’s ascent.

“When Modi says he wants India to take its rightful place as ‘vishwa guru,’ or world teacher, he actually means it. . . . In Modi’s worldview this statue is a crucial part of the signaling of the rise of India and the presenting before the world that rise in visual terms.”

The statue stands at 597 feet, or 177 feet higher than the previous tallest statue, China’s Spring Temple Buddha in the central province of Henan.

Coincidentally, the bronze cladding for the Patel statue was shipped from China because Indian foundries lack the expertise and equipment to go this big.

The statue was assembled by about 4,000 laborers working round-the-clock. It depicts Patel, wearing a traditional Indian dhoti wrap around his legs and a shawl, towering over the Narmada River.

In 2013, ahead of the previous general election, Modi sent trucks all over India to collect scrap metal for the structure. According to the statue’s makers, the metal was melted and used to create the base — a symbolic act to represent the nation. A museum and audiovisual gallery beneath the statue will showcase Patel’s life story and his contributions to India’s struggle for independence. 

Wednesday’s unveiling also is considered the unofficial launch of Modi’s campaign for reelection next year.

He already has another giant statue, this one of a warrior king, underway in the state of Maharashtra, set to be ready by 2021.

Some critics cringe at the images intended to project wealth and power. Art historian Shukla Sawant called it “paternalistic” public art.

“It’s the size-matters, kind of a nonsensical idea of power,” said Sawant, a professor of visual studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi.

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Still, Modi seems to relish the big-splash attention of the projects.

“If Sardar Patel had become the prime minister, today a part of our beloved Kashmir would not have been under Pakistani occupation,” Modi said to Parliament in February.  

The statement was a dig at India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, whose vision for a secular, multifaith India clashes with the pro-Hindu politics of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party.

The Statue of Unity is a near-replica of a Patel statue at an airport in the nearby Gujarat city of Ahmedabad.

“Vallabhbhai Patel, through the sheer act of unifying the modern nation-state of India, is more Lincolnesque than most people realize,” said Sengupta, the author of the Patel biography. “So this is Modi’s Lincoln Memorial.”

Correction: An earlier version of this article incorrectly attributed the final quote in the story to Anil Ram Sutar. It was Hindol Sengupta who made the comparison to the Lincoln Memorial. The story has been updated.

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