BRUSSELS — E.U. leaders on Tuesday slapped down an effort by Prime Minister Boris Johnson to renegotiate Britain’s departure from the European Union, declaring that they are unwilling to agree to any deal that does not include ironclad assurances of peace in Northern Ireland.

The rejection began a nail-biting season of negotiations ahead of Oct. 31, when Britain is scheduled to leave the E.U. Johnson rose to power last month on a hard-line platform that his country would leave the bloc in October, regardless of whether a deal was in place to ease the transition.

The European response came a day after Johnson demanded that E.U. leaders throw out a plan, known as the “backstop,” that would ensure an open border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The open border is a key part of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, which calmed decades of sectarian violence.

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“The backstop is an insurance to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland unless and until an alternative is found,” European Council President Donald Tusk wrote on Twitter. “Those against the backstop and not proposing realistic alternatives in fact support reestablishing a border. Even if they do not admit it.”

In a four-page letter sent to Tusk on Monday night, Johnson said the “anti-democratic” Irish backstop needed to be scrapped if the two sides are to strike a new deal before Britain leaves the bloc.

Johnson said it could be replaced with a commitment to “alternative arrangements” to be put in place “as far as possible before the end of the transition period.”

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“Time is very short,” he added.

Mujtaba Rahman, an analyst with Eurasia Group, tweeted that Johnson’s opening gambit was “very vague & won’t fly with the EU,” adding that the British leader appeared to be “playing the blame game.”

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The current plan would keep the United Kingdom inside the E.U. customs union indefinitely if the two sides do not agree on a different way to keep open the Irish border during a transition period until the end of 2020.

The E.U. “regrets that the new United Kingdom government does not provide any concrete proposals” in its letter, E.U. Brexit negotiators wrote in a note to European diplomats Tuesday.

Tom Brake, the Brexit spokesman for the pro-E.U. Liberal Democrats, told the BBC that it was “not surprising” that the E.U. rejected Johnson’s initial approach. Johnson, Brake said, was advocating solutions “that don’t actually exist anywhere in the world at present.”

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Staying in the customs union would greatly restrict Britain’s ability to make independent trade deals, one of the goals of Brexit supporters. It also would require British manufacturers to continue to obey most E.U. regulations, although they would have to do so anyway to keep selling to European buyers. 

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The exchange comes amid increasing concerns in Britain about the possible effects of the country leaving the bloc without a transition agreement. Classified documents leaked to the Sunday Times over the weekend warned of shortages of food, medicine and fuel, as well as a return to a hard Irish border, if Britain leaves without a deal.

The government said the documents are outdated but conceded that there could be “bumps in the road.”

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The insurance plan has proved politically toxic in Britain because it could trap the country partway out the door of the bloc, but Johnson and his allies have yet to propose specific alternatives to guarantee an open border. Backers of Irish peace fear that if border controls were reestablished, they would immediately become targets for partisans and could reignite long-dormant violence. But if Northern Ireland and Ireland have different regulations and tax policies, diplomats say, some form of border controls will be necessary to prevent smuggling.

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Britain’s next general election is set for 2022, but many analysts say it could come far sooner. Johnson has a working majority of just one, and the opposition Labour Party has said it will soon call a vote of no confidence in the government. Some think Johnson could be playing hardball with the E.U. so he can blame the bloc later in an election campaign.

Further distancing itself from the bloc, the British government said Tuesday that it would start skipping “most E.U. meetings” starting Sept. 1. The move will free British officials to focus on Brexit preparations, Brexit Secretary Steve Barclay said.

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Johnson and Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar spoke for nearly an hour Monday, as Varadkar emphasized the need for a “legally operable guarantee” to prevent a hard border.

Johnson also spoke to President Trump about Brexit on Monday. The two are set to meet at the Group of Seven summit in France this weekend, the first such meeting between the two since Johnson became prime minister.

Adam reported from London. Quentin Ariès in Brussels contributed to this report.

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