PARIS — French President Emmanuel Macron delivered a blunt greeting to Vladimir Putin on Monday, criticizing the use of chemical weapons by Syria’s Russian-backed government and blasting two Russian state-owned media organizations as “organs of influence and propaganda.”
Macron had invited the Russian leader to France to reset a relationship that has turned increasingly sour. Putin did more than any other foreign leader to undermine Macron’s legitimacy in this country’s recent presidential election, meeting with his far-right opponent during the campaign.
His meeting with Putin came just days after Macron made his mark on the world stage, welcoming President Trump with an aggressive handshake that the French leader later said was intended to show that he wouldn’t “make small concessions.”
Macron, 39, who won the May 7 election in a landslide, said he and Putin had “extremely frank” talks Monday. But Macron also emphasized that Russia and France could work together on issues such as terrorism.
Leading up to the election, Putin had expressly backed Macron’s opponent, Marine Le Pen, leader of the staunchly anti-immigrant National Front. On the eve of the vote, Macron’s campaign suffered a massive cyberattack that it compared to the hacking of Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign last year. U.S. intelligence agencies have blamed that operation on the Russian government.
Cybersecurity analysts quickly detected Russian fingerprints behind the hacking of the Macron campaign’s emails and internal communications.
The Kremlin has denied involvement, and Putin on Monday reiterated that Russia never meddled in the French election. He did, however, defend his decision to receive the pro-Russian Le Pen in Moscow in late March, one month before the first vote in the two-round French election.
Putin told reporters that Macron had not broached the subject of the cyberattack in their talks on Monday.
“We are quite capable of trying to move forward together in terms of the so-called Russian interference in the elections,” Putin said at a news conference in response to a question. “The issue has not been raised. The French president did not show any interest, and I even less.”
But Macron did show more than a little interest in the topic, especially when asked by a Russian journalist why it had been so difficult for certain reporters to get access to his campaign headquarters during the election.
“I have always had an exemplary relationship with foreign journalists, but they have to be journalists. Russia Today and Sputnik were organs of influence and propaganda that spread counterfeit truths about me,” he replied, referring to the Russian TV network and news agency.
Both media outlets are owned by the Russian government.
“It is not for me to comment on Madame Le Pen’s visit” to Moscow, Macron said, in response to another question about the vote. “Elections are the decisions of sovereign people.”
The presidents’ meeting at the 17th-century Chateau de Versailles, one of Europe’s most opulent palaces, came at a time when relations between Paris and Moscow have reached one of their lowest points in decades, mostly because of the war in Syria.
France has been highly critical of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, whom the Kremlin has backed for years. Last fall, Putin abruptly canceled a visit to France after Macron’s predecessor, François Hollande, decried Russian bombings in the Syrian city of Aleppo as a “war crime.”
Macron said Monday that the use of chemical weapons in Syria constituted a “red line” for France and “would result in reprisals and an immediate response, at least where France is concerned.” Syria has been accused of using chemical weapons, including chlorine gas and much-deadlier nerve agents, during the conflict.
Trump last month ordered a missile attack on a Syrian air base in response to a chemical attack in Idlib province that killed nearly 100 people. Russia protested that the U.S. retaliation violated international law and said it would ruin bilateral relations.
President Barack Obama had also pledged strong action against Syria if it crossed a “red line” by using chemical weapons. But a year later, in 2013, Obama was widely criticized for holding off on military action against Syria when he failed to get congressional approval for a strike in the wake of a chemical-weapons attack. The U.S. government subsequently worked with Russia on a deal that was supposed to rid Syria of such weapons.
France and Russia are also divided over the Putin administration’s support for pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine and Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, which led to the imposition of sanctions by Europe and the United States.
Macron said France and Russia would pursue further dialogue in the “Normandy format” — including France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine.
Standing next to his Russian counterpart, France’s new president also pledged to defend “all people, all minorities.” He explicitly mentioned workers employed at Western-backed nonprofit groups in Russia — who are often tagged “foreign agents” by the Russian government — and the reported abuse of gay people by authorities in Chechnya.
“I will be constantly vigilant on these issues,” Macron said.