JERUSALEM — The Israeli cabinet on Sunday expanded its list of West Bank settlements eligible for government subsidies, a decision that came just days after the resumption of long-frozen peace talks and drew quick Palestinian condemnation.
The cabinet approved a range of housing subsidies and loans for more than 600 Israeli communities deemed “national priority areas,” expanding an earlier list. The list includes poor towns in Israel’s outlying areas, but also dozens of settlements.
The Palestinians want to establish a state in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem — lands that Israel captured in 1967. A central issue in the renewed talks is where to draw Israel’s borders with such a state. Since 1967, Israel has built dozens of settlements on war-won land — deemed illegal by most of the international community — that are home to about 560,000 Israelis.
Israel’s government hopes to encourage more people to move to the communities on the “national priorities” list. The previous version of the list was approved last year.
The Israeli anti-settlement group Peace Now said the list approved Sunday increased the number of settlements eligible for subsidies from 85 to 91, virtually all in areas that Israel would probably have to evacuate to make way for a Palestinian state.
Lior Amihai of Peace Now said three of the settlements added to the list had begun as rogue outposts that were established without formal government consent and then were legalized retroactively.
Hanan Ashrawi, a member of the Palestinian negotiating team, said Sunday’s cabinet vote confirms Palestinian suspicions that Israel seeks the diplomatic shield of negotiations without demonstrating any real willingness to reach a partition deal.
“This is exactly what Israel wants — have a process for its own sake and, at the same time, have a free hand to destroy the objective of the process,” she said. “This will have a destructive impact [on the talks], and it seems to me it’s up to the sponsors, the United States and the international community, to make Israel desist immediately.”
Israeli government spokesman Mark Regev said that in the case of settlements, any housing or infrastructure subsidies require additional government approval.
Four Israeli ministers abstained from the cabinet vote, citing the potential harm to negotiations.
“To include settlements that until recently were illegal, when it’s doubtful that they will remain a part of Israel, and to disproportionately invest in them — I think it is not the time, politically speaking and socioeconomically speaking,” Environmental Protection Minister Amir Peretz told Israel Radio.
Peace negotiations began in Washington last week and will continue in Jerusalem next week. The United States wants a deal on the terms of a Palestinian state within nine months.
As part of the talks, Israel is to free 26 long-held Palestinian prisoners on Aug. 13, said chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat. It would be the first of four groups of veteran prisoners — totaling 104 — to be freed over the next few months.
The release is part of a U.S.-brokered deal that cleared the way for the resumption of talks.