“Let’s keep protesting,” he told the crowd of students, doctors and nurses. “Let’s keep taking the streets.”
Late Wednesday afternoon, President Trump tweeted that he had spoken with Guaidó that day to “congratulate him on his historic assumption of the presidency” and to reinforce “strong United States support for Venezuela’s fight to regain its democracy.”
Trump concluded with, “The fight for freedom has begun!”
Maduro has sought to neutralize Guaidó by ordering him not to leave the country and freezing his assets. The government has also responded to his challenge by cracking down on rebellious neighborhoods, trying to preserve an autocratic, socialist-style system increasingly imperiled by deep unpopularity and foreign pressure.
In an interview with Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency that aired Wednesday, Maduro said he has sent letters to the governments of Bolivia, Mexico, Russia and Uruguay to involve them in a new process of dialogue with the opposition.
Russia, which has been Maduro’s most vocal international supporter and is a major investor in Venezuela, applauded his willingness to negotiate.
“The fact that President Maduro is open to dialogue with the opposition deserves high praise,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters in a phone call.
Guaidó did not respond to the dialogue offer, which drew a tweet from Trump, who said Maduro’s move came only after increased U.S. pressure on the Venezuelan government and economy.
The reactions highlighted how the fight for power in the South American country has taken on the overtones of a superpower rivalry.
On Wednesday, Maduro also issued a video message directed at the American people, asserting that the Trump administration is trying to carry out a coup d’etat in Venezuela that he said would be disastrous.
The United States wants “to put their hands on our oil like they did in Iraq, like they did in Libya,” Maduro added.
“I ask for the support of the people of the United States so that there is not a new Vietnam,” he said in the video posted on Facebook.
The anti-Maduro protests Wednesday were far smaller than the massive outpouring over the weekend, and the government repression in recent days may have discouraged a broader attendance.
Over the past week, 35 people have died in protests — most shot by security forces as they took part in late-night pot-banging demonstrations in slums, according to the Venezuelan Observatory of Social Conflict. More than 800 people have been detained, according to the legal aid group Foro Penal.
After waves of daily protests in recent years failed to dislodge Maduro, the opposition has adopted a different strategy, said opposition leader and lawmaker Juan Andrés Mejía, which is to demonstrate the will to protest without raising expectations among supporters or provoking the government into a violent response.
“The government is avoiding images of strong repression in Caracas and focusing on cracking down on slums,” he added. “But the result is that the rates at which the death toll and number of detained are rising is higher” than in past years.
A larger protest is planned for this Saturday.
The Trump administration is leading an international campaign to drive the leftist Venezuelan leader from power, embracing Guaidó’s arguments that Maduro began a second term after an election riddled with fraud and years of authoritarian rule that have plunged this oil-rich country into an economic and humanitarian catastrophe.
Elliott Abrams, the State Department’s newly appointed envoy for Venezuela, said the crisis appears to have exacerbated divisions within the Venezuelan military. Top commanders have enriched themselves, but the rank and file are suffering like most other Venezuelans, he said. The senior officials “are actually quite nervous about the mood” in the country.
“Our hope is that, in what we believe will be the final period of the regime, it does not use violence to try to prolong its days in power,” he said. “We hope that if it comes to it, the Venezuelans, in the military, in the society, will turn away from violence. The only people willing die for Maduro are the Cubans who are his security guards.”
Meanwhile, Abrams said, the United States and other countries opposed to Maduro are scouring the world looking for assets that can be seized under U.S. sanctions announced this week.
Maduro and his supporters have waved away the European Union’s demand that Maduro accept presidential elections by this weekend or the E.U. will recognize Guaidó as president.
One of Maduro’s most prominent supporters, Diosdado Cabello, said in a speech Wednesday that the only elections the government is considering are for National Assembly, currently the only opposition-controlled body in Venezuela.
“Militia members, members of the police and the armed forces, wherever we have to mobilize to defend the homeland, we will,” Cabello said.
In Caracas, residents expressed frustration with the government, but some were wary about joining protests because of possible violence.
Outside the José Manuel de los Rios Hospital in northwest Caracas, about 100 employees filled the street, chanting and waving signs, as dozens of police officers looked on.
“I’m here because I’m in a hospital where my patients are dying. We have nothing,” said 26-year-old radiology technician Haberlyn Mejia. “I hope there’s a profound change in my country. We need it urgently.”
Rafael Tafuro, 65, a carpenter who was waiting for the subway in eastern Caracas on Wednesday morning, said that “of course” he would take part in the demonstrations.
“Do you think what we’re living isn’t enough?” he said. “I protest because of everything. I haven’t had work in a year. I’m a carpenter. Materials are way too expensive, and no one has money to pay for my services.”
But Lasmick Valverde, a 19-year-old accounting student, said he would not join the demonstrations. “I’m too scared something will happen to me,” he said. “I support what they’re doing, but I don’t like protests.”
Krygier reported from Miami. William Branigin, Anne Gearan, Paul Sonne and Joshua Partlow in Washington, Amie Ferris-Rotman in Moscow, and Paul Schemm in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, contributed to this report.